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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
02/12/2013 2013/1775 Sovereign ratings investigation- ESMA’s assessment of governance, conflicts of interest, resourcing adequacy and confidentiality controls Final Report PDF
302.99 KB
This report summarises the findings of the European Securities and Markets Authority’s (ESMA) general investigation into sovereign credit ratings issued by Fitch Ratings, Moody’s Investors Service and Standard & Poor’s which took place between February and October 2013, as indicated in its Credit Rating Agencies (CRAs) 2013 Supervision and Policy Work Plan. In this report ESMA describes the observed deficiencies and main concerns while also identifying a number of good practices in the following areas: • the role of senior management and other non-rating functions in the rating process and the actual or potential conflicts of interest which could arise; • the actual or potential conflicts of interests generated by the involvement of sovereign analysts in research and publication activities; • confidentiality of sovereign rating information and controls in place prior to publication of ratings (including IT and access controls to confidential information); • timing of publication of sovereign ratings, including timely disclosure of rating changes; • monitoring of the adequacy and expertise of resources dedicated to sovereign ratings; • preparation of rating committees; and • definitions of roles and responsibilities among different analytical functions. ESMA’s investigation revealed shortcomings in the sovereign ratings process which could pose risks to the quality, independence and integrity of the ratings and of the rating process. As of the date of this document, ESMA has not determined whether any of the observations made in this report constitute serious indications of the possible existence of facts liable to constitute one or more infringements of the CRA Regulation.
11/02/2014 2014/150 Consultation Paper on CRA3 Implementation Consultation Paper PDF
1.92 MB
The consultation paper seeks stakeholders’ views on the draft RTS ESMA is required to adopt under the CRA3 Regulation. The input from stakeholders will help ESMA in drafting the final report. Respondents to this consultation are encouraged to provide the relevant data to support their arguments or proposals. Responding to this paper ESMA invites comments on all matters in this paper. Comments are most helpful if they: contain a clear rationale; include quantitative elements to support any concern; and describe any alternatives ESMA should consider, including alternative drafts. ESMA will consider all comments received by 11 April 2014.All contributions should be submitted online on the Consultation Page.   Hearing ESMA is seeking input from users, producers of credit ratings, those involved in the issuance of structured finance instruments (issuers, originators and sponsors), anyone interested in the up-to-date individual rating data or in competition in the credit market.The hearing will be held on Friday, 14 March 2014, from 10.00 to 13.00 CET and is open to all. Please register on the Hearing page.
21/02/2014 2014/151 Credit Rating Agencies Annual Report 2013 Final Report PDF
507.61 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published its Annual Report 2013 (Report) on credit rating agencies (CRAs) in the European Union (EU). The Report also outlines ESMA’s supervisory work plan for this year. ESMA has found that CRAs continue to progress in how they comply with the CRA Regulation, including improved internal transparency and disclosure to the market on credit rating activities as well as empowerment of the compliance function. However, ESMA considers that improvements are still necessary, notably in the following areas: • validation of rating methodologies, to ensure that a credit rating assessment is a comprehensive risk assessment leading to high quality ratings; • internal governance, ensuring the full independence of the internal review function and thereby reducing the risk of potential conflict of interest; and • robust IT systems to support the rating process, including information security controls and protection of confidential rating information. These issues form the basis for much of ESMA’s supervision activities as outlined in its 2014 work plan. This includes the completion of the two on-going supervisory reviews into CRAs’ monitoring of structured finance ratings and into small and medium-sized CRAs. A new thematic investigation on how CRAs review and validate their rating methodologies will also be launched, as well as dedicated work on CRAs’ IT systems and controls. Following the entry into force of the amended CRA Regulation in June 2013, ESMA will also complete a specific assessment on CRAs’ compliance with the new regulatory requirements.
24/06/2014 2014/685 Draft Regulatory Technical Standards under the CRA3 Regulation Technical Standards PDF
2.39 MB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published its Final Report on draft Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS) required under the Credit Rating Agencies (CRA3) Regulation regarding information on transparency of structured finance instruments, the European Rating Platform and periodic reporting of fees charged by credit rating agencies. The draft RTS, which complement the existing regulatory framework for credit rating agencies (CRAs), cover: • disclosure requirements on structured finance instruments (SFIs); • the European Rating Platform (ERP); and • the periodic reporting on fees charged by CRAs.
16/07/2014 2014/845 Consultation Paper on periodic information to be submitted to ESMA by Credit Rating Agencies Consultation Paper PDF
367.99 KB
Summary The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is consulting on new supervisory guidelines regarding the information that is periodically submitted to ESMA by credit rating agencies. Good quality, relevant and timely data is key to the efficient and effective supervision of the CRA sector and the aim of this consultation paper is to ensure that the information that CRAs are requested to submit supports ESMA's supervisory work in identifying the key risks in the CRA sector. In addition to the periodic reporting to CEREP and SOCRAT, registered CRAs must notify ESMA of changes to their initial conditions for registration and submit periodically to ESMA information in accordance with ESMA’s Guidance on the enforcement practices and activities. CRAs must also submit annually to ESMA information regarding their revenues for the calculation of the supervisory fees and market share. Finally, CRAs submit to ESMA periodically other information that is used for on-going supervisory purposes. The guidelines are proposed under Article 16 of EU No 1095/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010, which enables ESMA to publish guidelines addressed to financial market participants with a view to establishing consistent, efficient and effective supervisory practices. These proposed guidelines will replace CESR’s Guidance on the enforcement practices and activities to be conducted under Article 21.3(a) of the Regulation (ESMA/2010/944) of 30 August 2010. The consultation paper should be by read by credit rating agencies (as defined in Article 3(1)(b) of the CRA Regulation), companies which have applied for registration or are considering applying for registration, competent authorities, and consumer groups. An open hearing on the issues contained in this paper will be held on 15 October 2014. The closing date for comments is 31 October 2014.
05/08/2014 2014/939 Report to the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on ESMA’s staffing and resource for CRA supervision Final Report PDF
322.49 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is required by Article 39a of Regulation (EU) No 462/2013 of the European Parliament and the Council of 21 May 2013, amending Regulation (EC) No 1060/2009 on credit rating agencies (CRA Regulation), to assess the staffing and resources needs arising from the assumption of its powers and duties under the CRA Regulation and submit a report to the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission of these needs. The Report describes the tasks that ESMA carries out in view of its responsibilities under the CRA Regulation. For each task the report analyses the implications in terms of processes and activities to be carried out. The report also provides the implications in terms of resources and budget. While ESMA experienced a steep increase of resources in the initial years following the entry into force of the CRA Regulation, incremental growth in staff numbers in 2015 and 2016 can be envisaged to adequately cope with additional tasks following from the CRA3 Regulation.
16/12/2014 2014/1524 ESMA’s investigation into structured finance ratings Final Report PDF
436.29 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authorities (ESMA) has published this report to inform of the outcome and findings of its general investigation in the way credit rating agencies (CRAs) conduct surveillance of structured finance credit ratings, as indicated in ESMA’s Credit Rating Agencies Annual Report 2013. The investigation took place between October 2013 and September 2014 and involved the four largest CRAs providing credit ratings on structured finance instruments in the EU, namely DBRS Ratings (DBRS), Fitch Ratings (Fitch), Moody’s Investors Service (MIS) and Standard & Poor’s (S&P). 
23/12/2014 JC/DP/2014/01 Discussion Paper- The Use of Credit Ratings by Financial Intermediaries Article 5(a) of the CRA Regulation , Consultation Paper PDF
538.9 KB
03/02/2015 2015/233 Call for Evidence Competition, Choice and Conflicts of Interests in the CRA Industry Consultation Paper PDF
402.12 KB
20/03/2015 2015/558 Call for evidence on private and bilateral SFIs Consultation Paper PDF
118.4 KB
This call for evidence should be read by all those involved in the EU securitisation markets. It is particularly targeted at the following market participants and the groups and trade associations who represent them: •    Issuers, originators and sponsors of Structured Finance Instruments (SFIs);•    Investors acting in the securitisation markets;•    Market intermediaries other than the issuers, originators and sponsors of SFIs.Responses are most helpful to ESMA when they clearly indicate which question is being answered and provide evidence in support of the response, such as concrete examples of practices experienced, data or costs estimates. Should respondents feel that the distinction provided for by the two proposed categories (issuers vs. investors) is not suitable to their particular situation, ESMA welcomes these contributions in alternative format. ESMA will consider all responses that have been received by 20 May 2015. All contributions should be submitted online at www.esma.europa.eu under the heading ‘Your input - Consultations’.
23/03/2015 2015/609 Guidelines on periodic information to be submitted to ESMA by Credit Rating Agencies Final Report PDF
166.64 KB
08/06/2015 2015/920 Impact of the Best Practice Principles for Providers of Shareholder Voting Research and Analysis , Consultation Paper PDF
337.08 KB
Responding to this Call for Evidence ESMA invites comments on all matters in this paper and in particular on the specific questions presented throughout the paper. Comments are most helpful, if they:a.    respond to the question stated;b.    indicate the specific question to which they relate; andc.    contain a clear rationale.  ESMA will consider all comments received by 27 July 2015. All contributions should be submitted online at www.esma.europa.eu under the heading ‘Your input - Consultations’. Publication of responses All contributions received will be published following the close of the Call for Evidence, unless you request otherwise.  Please clearly and prominently indicate in your submission any part you do not wish to be publically disclosed. A standard confidentiality statement in an email message will not be treated as a request for non-disclosure. A confidential response may be requested from us in accordance with ESMA’s rules on access to documents. We may consult you, if we receive such a request. Any decision we make not to disclose the response is reviewable by ESMA’s Board of Appeal and the European Ombudsman.Data protection Information on data protection can be found at www.esma.europa.eu under the heading Legal Notice.Who should read this Call for Evidence This Call for Evidence will be of relevance to persons and entities participating in the voting chain, particularly proxy advisors, investors, companies listed in Europe, proxy solicitors and consultants.
02/10/2015 2015/1473 Report on the Possibility of Establishing one or more Mappings of Credit Ratings Published on the European Rating Platform Final Report PDF
515.48 KB
17/11/2015 2015/1735 Discussion Paper on the validation and review of Credit Rating Agencies’ methodologies Consultation Paper PDF
421.25 KB
18/12/2015 2015/1879 ESMA CRA Market Share Calculation Final Report PDF
586.38 KB
18/12/2015 2015/1887 Follow-up report on the development of the Best Practice Principles for Providers of Shareholder Voting Research and Analysis , Final Report PDF
645.64 KB
25/01/2016 2016/96 Slides from ESMA’s Open Hearing on validation and review of CRAs’ methodologies Consultation Paper PDF
253.19 KB
12/05/2016 ESA/2016/41 Opinion of the ESAs- ECAI credit assessments , Opinion PDF
379.79 KB
13/07/2016 2016/1121 Consultation Paper on the Guidelines on the validation and review of Credit Rating Agencies’ methodologies Consultation Paper PDF
536.1 KB
30/09/2016 2016/1409 Draft RTS and ITS under SFTR and amendments to related EMIR RTS , Consultation Paper PDF
5.63 MB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is publishing this Consultation Paper as part of its consultations on Level 2 measures under the Securities Financing Transactions Regulation (SFTR) as well as certain amendments to the Level 2 measures under EMIR in order to take into account legal developments as well as to ensure consistency, where relevant, between the frameworks of both regulations

Contents

Section 1 is the executive summary of the document. Section 2 explains the background to our proposals. Section 3 includes detailed information on the procedure and criteria for registration as TR under SFTR. Section 4 details the use of internationally agreed reporting standards, the reporting logic under SFTR and the main aspects of the structure of an SFT report. Section 5 covers the requirements regarding transparency of data and aggregation and comparison of data. Section 6 details the access levels of authorities. Section 7 contains the tables of fields, for the relevant types of SFTs, as well as a summary of all the questions.

Next Steps

ESMA will consider the feedback it received to this document in the fourth quarter of 2016. The final report and the draft technical standards will be submitted to the European Commission for endorsement by the end of Q1/beginning Q2 2017.