ESMA publishes new Q&A on CFDs and other speculative products


The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published today a new question and answer document (Q&A) on the application of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) to the marketing and sale of financial contracts for difference (CFDs) and other speculative products to retail clients (such as binary options and rolling spot forex).

These are complex products and although it may be difficult for the majority of retail investors to understand the risks involved, they are widely advertised to the retail mass market by a number of firms, often via online platforms. There is also a considerable degree of cross-border activity across Europe in these products.

Many competent authorities have concerns about the protection of investors in this area and the purpose of the Q&A is to promote common supervisory approaches and practices in the application of MiFID and its implementing measures to key aspects that are relevant when CFDs and other speculative products are sold to retail clients.

Next steps

ESMA will continue to work on this topic and aims to publish further Q&As in the coming months. This first batch of Q&As will focus on the following topics:

  •          Key aspects relevant to the authorisation of firms offering CFDs and other speculative products to retail clients; and
  •          Certain conflicts of interest arising from particular business model features and practices commonly observed in firms offering CFDs and other speculative products to retail clients

ESMA will also consider the need for any further work, in the medium term, in light of MiFID II requirements.

The Q&As are targeted at competent authorities. However, the answers are also intended to help firms by providing clarity on MiFID rules.

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