European Supervisory Authorities publish joint criteria on the independence of supervisory authorities


The three European Supervisory Authorities– the European Banking Authority (EBA), European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) and European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) (EBA, EIOPA and ESMA – the ESAs) – today published their joint criteria on the independence of supervisory authorities.

Supervisory independence is key to ensure that fair, effective and transparent decisions are taken by appropriately resourced supervisory authorities. These authorities can in turn provide effective and adequate protection for customers and consumers of financial services ensuring confidence in the financial system.

The independence criteria are organised around four key principles:


In 2020, following their review, the ESAs were tasked to foster and monitor supervisory independence.

To fulfil this task, in 2021 the ESAs published in close coordination their individual reports (Read here: EBA, EIOPA, ESMA) to take stock of the factual situation of supervisory authorities’ independence. Building on these reports and based on the 2021 EIOPA’s criteria and international standards, the ESAs further worked together to issue joint criteria on the independence of supervisory authorities.

Next steps

The criteria can be used by supervisory authorities as a tool to enhance their independence and, at a later stage, by the ESAs to assess supervisory independence in the EU.

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