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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
13/08/2015 2015/1251 EMIR Review Report no.1- Review on the use of OTC derivatives by non-financial counterparties Final Report PDF
3.03 MB
07/02/2020 ESMA70-156-2076 EMIR Final Report on alignment clearing and trading obligations Final Report PDF
309.87 KB
26/05/2016 2016/725 Draft RTS on indirect clearing arrangements under EMIR and MiFIR , , Final Report PDF
740.71 KB
21/12/2017 ESMA70-151-812 Annual peer review of EU CCP supervision on supervisory activities on CCPs’ Default Management Procedures Final Report PDF
471.59 KB
12/09/2013 2013/08/ODRG Agreed Understandings to Resolving Cross-border Conflicts, Inconsistencies, Gaps and Duplicative Requirements Final Report PDF
442.48 KB
18/12/2014 2014/1560 Advice- Investment-based crowdfunding Final Report PDF
482.2 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind.  Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in sections 1 to 6 of this document.

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