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05/11/2014 2014/1333 Asset management – The regulatory challenges ahead- Steven Maijoor at EFAMA Investment Management Forum Speech PDF
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Steven Maijoor, ESMA Chair, delivered the keynote speech at EFAMA's Investment Management Forum in Brussels. His speech focused on the regulatory challenges ahead for the asset management sector. "It is very good to be back again at this important event. Before coming here today I had the chance to surf the EFAMA website and it struck me that your website is as overrun as ESMA’s website is with the many well-known European acronyms that have become part of our standard vocabulary in financial markets. This observation also made it clear to me that the topics that keep both our organisations busy are very similar. Given the current activities of ESMA, you probably expect me to structure my contribution according to these acronyms and inform you on all of our current regulatory work that is relevant for the asset management sector. However, I would like to start first with an economic perspective on asset management, but let me assure you that later in my contribution I will not disappoint you and will refer to AIFMD, MIFID, UCITS and PRIIPs."
06/11/2014 2014/1339 Capital Markets Union: building competitive, efficient capital markets trusted by investors , Speech PDF
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Steven Maijoor, ESMA Chair, spoke at the joint EU Commission/Italian Presidency Growth for Finance Conference in Brussels - " Excerpts "Following its launch by President Juncker in July 2014, the Capital Markets Union (CMU) is now a concept under construction and I am very happy to have been invited to contribute today to its development. When doing so, we should remember the clear objective from President Juncker who stated that the CMU should maximise the benefits of capital markets and non-bank financial institutions for the real economy. "Despite the many efforts of the past four decades, and the good results achieved, the EU capital market is still fragmented which limits its potential. For example, an institutional investor wanting to invest in a mid-sized company will still have a strong bias towards companies in its own Member-State. There are transactions not happening that otherwise would be beneficial both for the investor and the company because of this home bias. The reason for this stems from a complex set of barriers relating to such issues as transparency of Small and Medium-sized Entities (SMEs), differences in their governance and cross-border differences in the ownership of shares. In sum, we are only halfway there. While the EU capital market has integrated steadily in the past four decades it is not yet comparable with, for example, the US capital market. With a five year time-horizon in mind, what is needed to achieve a strong and integrated capital market to increase capital availability and to support economic growth in all 28 Member States? In my view, there are four main building blocks: (1) greater diversity in funding; (2) increasing the efficiency of capital markets; (3) strengthening and harmonisation of supervision; and (4) increasing the attractiveness of capital markets both for EU investors and for investors from outside the Union. "The CMU should be based on an accelerated integration of the capital markets of the 28 Member States. The end goal should be a CMU that is competitive, efficient and that provides a wide range of funding channels. Above all, it should be trusted by investors."
18/11/2014 2014/1371 Call for expressions of interest: Consultative Working Group for ESMA’s Financial Innovation Standing Committee Reference PDF
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ESMA today launches a process to renew the composition of the Consultative Working Group (‘CWG’) for the Financial Innovation Standing Committee (’FISC’). ESMA is therefore calling for expressions of interest from stakeholders. Application procedure, closing date Relevant stakeholders meeting the required selection criteria and wishing to apply for a position on the CWG are invited to submit, in English: a completed application form (see separate document), and a detailed curriculum vitae (CV), preferably in the EU CV format - the link to the template for this is: http://europass.cedefop.europa.eu/europass/home/hornav/Downloads/Europas... It is optional for applicants to attach a motivation letter (2 pages maximum). Unclear or incomplete applications will not be considered. Applications must be submitted by email using the application form by no later than 31 December 2014 to the following email addresses: patrick.armstrong@esma.europa.eu and anne.chone@esma.europa.eu.
19/11/2014 2014/1382 Regulatory measures to prevent another crisis- speech by Steven Maijoor , Speech PDF
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Steven Maijoor, Chair of ESMA, gave the keynote speech at the "Regulatory measures to prevent another crisis?" event organised by the CFA Institute in Brussels, Belgium.
27/11/2014 2014/1434 Henri Sijthoff Prijs 2014- keynote speech by Steven Maijoor Speech PDF
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Steven Maijoor delivered the key note speech of the 2014 Henri Sijthoff award in Amsterdam. In his speech Mr Maijoor focuses on how the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for the consolidated financial statements of companies listed on EU regulated markets since 2005 has contributed to the quality of financial reporting and to the development of the EU Single Market. Looking ahead, Mr Maijoor focuses on three challenges the need for companies to provide investors with clear and consistent information and to continue the efforts towards global adoption whilst regretting that there is limited prospect for broad adoption by the United States of America (USA) and Japan, two countries playing an important role in regulating international financial markets. Thirdly, Mr Maijoor emphasises that the consistent application of IFRS is essential within a Single Market; this can be achieved through equipping national supervisory authorities with sufficient and similar tools to detect and remedy non-compliance with IFRS principles but also the need for a new instrument that would allow to intervene when a national authority would diverge from the views of its EU peers.  
09/12/2014 2014/1474 Investor Protection and an integrated EU Capital Market- Steven Maijoor address to DSW/Better Finance for All Conference Speech PDF
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Steven Maijoor spoke at the DSW/Better Finance for All International Investors Conference in Wiesbaden on 9 December. His speech focused on two closely interlinked topics, namely the enhancement of the level of protection offered to investors and the accelerated harmonisation and integration of EU capital markets.
12/12/2014 2014/1434 EN Henri Sijthoff Prijs 2014- keynote speech by Steven Maijoor Speech PDF
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Steven Maijoor delivered the key note speech of the 2014 Henri Sijthoff award in Amsterdam. This is the translation of the speech. In his speech Mr Maijoor focuses on how the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for the consolidated financial statements of companies listed on EU regulated markets since 2005 has contributed to the quality of financial reporting and to the development of the EU Single Market. Looking ahead, Mr Maijoor focuses on three challenges the need for companies to provide investors with clear and consistent information and to continue the efforts towards global adoption whilst regretting that there is limited prospect for broad adoption by the United States of America (USA) and Japan, two countries playing an important role in regulating international financial markets. Thirdly, Mr Maijoor emphasises that the consistent application of IFRS is essential within a Single Market; this can be achieved through equipping national supervisory authorities with sufficient and similar tools to detect and remedy non-compliance with IFRS principles but also the need for a new instrument that would allow to intervene when a national authority would diverge from the views of its EU peers.
18/12/2014 2014/1378 Opinion- Investment-based crowdfunding Opinion PDF
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Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.  Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind. Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in this document.
18/12/2014 2014/1560 Advice- Investment-based crowdfunding Final Report PDF
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Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind.  Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in sections 1 to 6 of this document.
18/12/2014 2014/1568 Press Release- Investment-based crowdfunding needs EU-wide common approach , Press Release PDF
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The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published an Opinion along with an Advice on Investment-based crowdfunding. The Opinion clarifies the EU rules applicable to crowdfunding, while the Advice highlights issues for consideration by the EU institutions to achieve greater regulatory and supervisory convergence within the EU.The Opinion is addressed to the national competent authorities (NCA) and provides clarity on how crowdfunding business models fit within the existing EU regulatory framework. It outlines how existing EU rules are likely to apply to crowdfunding platforms, depending on the precise business model used. It also provides guidance to NCAs who may be considering how to regulate platforms operating outside the scope of the harmonised EU rules on the key risks inherent to crowdfunding and the key components of a regulatory regime to address them.The Advice, addressed to the EU institutions – Commission, Parliament and Council, highlights the concern that strong incentives currently exist for crowdfunding platforms to structure their business models to fall outside the scope of regulation and asks them to consider policy options to reduce these incentives. Avoiding regulation presents risks to investor protection and makes it harder for platforms to grow their businesses.Steven Maijoor, ESMA Chair, said: “ESMA’s aim is to enable crowdfunding to reach its potential as a source of finance, while ensuring that risks to users of crowdfunding platforms are identified and addressed in a proportionate and convergent way across the EU. “We believe that there are benefits both for investors as well as for platforms by operating inside rather than outside the regulated space. Opinion to National Competent AuthoritiesConsidering the diverse business models used within investment-based crowdfunding and depending on the precise structures used different EU legislation may apply. The Opinion sets out an analysis of how the main business models map across existing EU rules, e.g., the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID), the Prospectus Directive, the Directive for Alternative Investment Fund Managers (AIFMD) and other financial and banking regulations. In addition, the Opinion outlines what ESMA believes should be the key components of an appropriate regulatory regime for investment-based crowdfunding activities. ESMA’s Advice to the EU InstitutionsThe Advice to the EU institutions highlights gaps and issues in the current applicable regime where policymakers could consider taking action to ensure there is a regime protecting investors while also fit for purpose for crowdfunding platforms. These gaps and issues include: the impact of the Prospects Directive thresholds; capital requirements and the use of the MiFID optional exemption; and the potential development of a specific EU crowdfunding regime, in particular for those platforms that currently operate outside of the scope of MiFID The Opinion and Advice have been prepared in collaboration with and input from the European Banking Authority (EBA) on the regulation that falls within its scope of action, i.e. the Payment Services Directive, and constitute the first output of a co-ordinated programme of work with the next expected output being a publication by EBA on lending-based crowdfunding. In line with their respective remits, ESMA has focused on investment-based crowdfunding, while EBA has focused on lending-based crowdfunding.
18/12/2014 2014/1575 Keynote Address to ICI Global Trading and Market Structure Conference, London- Verena Ross Speech PDF
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Verena Ross, ESMA Executive Director, addressed the ICI GLobal Trading and Market Structure Conference in London on 9 December 2014 on the topics of MiFID II and trade reporting issues.
19/01/2015 2015/123 Remarks by Steven Maijoor at Opening Session of Asian Financial Forum in Hong Kong, 19 January 2015 Speech PDF
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Introduction Let me first thank the Hong Kong authorities for inviting me to speak at this prestigious event about the important topic of long-term sustainable growth, which is very high on the agenda, both here in the East and in the West. It is good to be back in my birthplace. No, that is not a slip of the tongue. I was born in Hong Kong, about one mile from here in the area called Happy Valley. Consistent with that, I have always been an optimistic person, and that is a very valuable trait as a regulator. Although my family and I lived only shortly here in Hong Kong, I am proud of being born here, and I am sure that it gave me a good start in life. The core topic of this panel is long-term, sustainable growth in Asia. I am certainly not in a position to give a lecture on this topic as current Asian growth figures are on average higher than those in the European Union. Therefore I will listen carefully here today and take some lessons back home with me. Instead, I will share with you my current thinking on long-term growth from the perspective of an EU securities markets regulator. Let me first start with the regulatory response to the financial crisis and the frequently heard suggestion that this broad response is hampering economic recovery. The broad regulatory response was and is needed to prevent the recurrence of a crisis like the one we have experienced in the past seven years. The financial crisis has seriously destroyed economic growth. Since 2008, the EU has been on a systematically lower growth path, and is now more than 10% under the trend line as expected before the financial crisis started.
26/02/2015 2015/496 MiFID II – Switching on the light without turning-off the tap- Verena Ross, Executive Director, ESMA , Speech PDF
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Verena Ross, Executive Director of ESMA, delivered the keynote speech at the ABA/Law Society Capital Markets Conference 2015 in London on MiFID II which focused on transparency and liquidity issues.
12/03/2015 2015/583 Regulators, pension funds and efficient financial markets Speech PDF
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24/03/2015 2015/620 MIFID/MIFIR- CSD hearing before ECON , Speech PDF
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22/04/2015 2015/532 Investment using virtual currency or distributed ledger technology Consultation Paper PDF
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ESMA has been monitoring and analysing virtual currency investment over the last 6 months, to understand developments in the market, potential benefits or risks for investors, market integrity or financial stability, and to support the functioning of the EU single market. ESMA’s analysis is set out in this paper. ESMA is seeking to share its analysis in order to promote wider understanding of innovative market developments, and invites market participants and other stakeholders to submit feedback and any additional information on the following topics: Virtual currency investment products, i.e. collective investment schemes or derivatives such as options and CFDs that have virtual currencies (VCs) as an underlying or invest in VC related businesses and infrastructure; Virtual currency based assets/securities and asset transfers, i.e. financial assets such as shares, funds, etc. that are exclusively traded using virtual currency distributed ledgers (also known as block chains);and The application of the distributed ledger technology to securities/investments, whether inside or outside a virtual currency environment.
12/05/2015 2015/854 Priorities of a Capital Markets Union Speech PDF
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Steven Maijoor delivered a keynote address at the Luxembourg Stock Exchange Day on the topic of the Capital Markets Union.
21/05/2015 2015/856 Ann1 Investment-based crowdfunding- Insights from regulators in the EU Final Report PDF
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01/06/2015 2015/904 The Capital Markets Union, Asset Management and Stability , Speech PDF
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Steven Maijoor delivered a speech at the 26th Annual Conference of the International Bar Association on the Globalisation of Investment Funds.
02/06/2015 2015/902 Measuring and assessing stability risks in financial markets Speech PDF
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