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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
23/12/2014 JC/2014/092 Draft RTS on risk concentration and intra-group financial transactions under Financial Conglomerates Directive Technical Standards PDF
819.76 KB
18/12/2014 2014/1378 Opinion- Investment-based crowdfunding Opinion PDF
460.92 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.  Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind. Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in this document.
27/03/2014 2014/332 Structured Retail Products- Good practices for product governance arrangements , Opinion PDF
203.1 KB
Legal basis 1.    Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010 (ESMA Regulation)  sets out the European Securities and Markets Authority’s (ESMA) scope of action, tasks and powers which include “enhancing customer protection”, and “foster[ing] investor protection”.  2.    In order to continue delivering on this investor protection statutory objective, ESMA is issuing this opinion on certain aspects linked to the manufacturing and distribution of structured retail products (SRP). This opinion takes into account relevant work done in this field both at European and interna-tional level.  3.    This opinion is without prejudice to the requirements for the provision of investment services and activities established in the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID)  and its implementing measures (notably, Directive 2006/73/EC), the regulatory developments arising from the MiFID review or existing product rules that may apply to SRPs.  4.    ESMA’s competence to deliver an opinion is based on Article 29(1) (a) of the ESMA Regulation. In accordance with Article 44(1) of the ESMA Regulation, the Board of Supervisors has adopted this opinion. Background 5.    In its July 2013 report on ‘Retailisation in the EU’ , ESMA highlighted that, from a consumer protec-tion perspective, retail investors may face difficulties in understanding the drivers of risks and returns of structured products. If retail investors do not properly understand the risk and reward profile of structured products, and if the products are not properly assessed against the risk appetite of retail investors, retail investors might be exposed to unexpected losses and this might lead to complaints, reputational risks for manufacturers and distributors, and a loss of confidence in the regulatory framework and, more broadly, in financial markets. 6.    In 2013, ESMA mapped the measures adopted in the EU Member States in relation to complex products in order to identify issues and to better understand the rationale behind national initiatives (by looking at similarities and differences in the various approaches, and reviewing how complexity has been treated in the different EU Members States). 7.    As a result, ESMA has developed a broad set of non-exhaustive examples of good practices, attached as Annex 1 hereto, illustrating arrangements that firms - taking into account the nature, scale and complexity of their business - could put in place to improve their ability to deliver on investor protection regarding, in particular, (i) the complexity of the SRPs they manufacture or distribute, (ii) the nature and range of the investment services and activities undertaken in the course of that business, and (iii) the type of investors they target. These good practices should also be a helpful tool for competent authorities in carrying out their supervisory action. Opinion 8.    ESMA considers that sound product governance arrangements are fundamental for investor protec-tion purposes, and can reduce the need for product intervention actions by competent authorities. 9.    ESMA considers that, when supervising firms manufacturing or distributing an SRP, competent authorities should promote, in their supervisory approaches, the examples of good practices for firms set out in Annex 1 hereto. 10.    Although the good practices set out in Annex 1 hereto focus on structured products sold to retail investors, ESMA considers that they may also be a relevant reference for other types of financial in-struments (such as asset-backed securities, or contingent convertible bonds), as well as when financial instruments are being sold to professional clients. 11.    The exposure to risk is an intrinsic feature of investment products. The good practices set out in Annex 1 refer to product governance arrangements and do not (and cannot) aim at removing investment risk from products.
07/02/2014 2014/154 SV Risker med att investera i komplexa produkter , Investor Warning PDF
468.78 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 ES Riesgos de las inversiones en productos complejos , Investor Warning PDF
331.22 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 SL Tveganja, ki jih prinašajo naložbe v kompleksne produkte , Investor Warning PDF
564.53 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 SK Riziká investovania do komplexných produktov , Investor Warning PDF
521.64 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 RO Riscurile investirii în produse complexe , Investor Warning PDF
396.83 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 PT Os riscos de investir em produtos complexos , Investor Warning PDF
373 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 PL Zagrożenia związane z inwestowaniem w produkty złożone , Investor Warning PDF
359.91 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 MT Ir-riskji li tinvesti fi prodotti kumplessi , Investor Warning PDF
554.57 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 LT Investavimo į sudėtingus produktus rizika , Investor Warning PDF
590.31 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 LV Ar ieguldījumiem sarežģītos produktos saistītie riski , Investor Warning PDF
435.59 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 IT Rischi dell’investimento in prodotti complessi , Investor Warning PDF
335.03 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 HU Az összetett termékekbe történő befektetések kockázatai , Investor Warning PDF
384.08 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 EL Οι κίνδυνοι των επενδύσεων σε σύνθετα προϊόντα , Investor Warning PDF
407.92 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 DE Risiken bei Anlagen in komplexe Produkte , Investor Warning PDF
301.1 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 FR Risques liés aux investissements dans les produits complexes , Investor Warning PDF
334.79 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 FI Monimutkaisiin tuotteisiin sijoittamisen riskit , Investor Warning PDF
414.7 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 ET Keerukatesse toodetesse investeerimisega kaasnevad riskid , Investor Warning PDF
401.62 KB