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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
24/10/2017 ESMA70-155-2288 MiFID II position limits on ICE white sugar contracts Opinion PDF
122.88 KB
24/10/2017 ESMA70-155-2274 MiFID II position limits on Robusta coffee contracts Opinion PDF
138.74 KB
24/10/2017 ESMA70-155-2270 MiFID II position limits London cocoa contracts Opinion PDF
124.05 KB
10/08/2017 ESMA70-155-993 ESMA Opinion on AMF position limits on rapeseed Opinion PDF
421.96 KB
10/08/2017 ESMA70-155-983 ESMA Opinion on AMF position limits on milling wheat Opinion PDF
348.35 KB
10/08/2017 ESMA70-155-988 ESMA Opinion on AMF position limits on corn Opinion PDF
337.15 KB
13/07/2017 ESMA70-154-270 Opinion to support supervisory convergence in the area of secondary markets in the context of the United Kingdom withdrawing from the European Union , , Opinion PDF
181.69 KB
22/05/2017 ESMA70-156-117 Opinion on traded on a trading venue under MiFID II Opinion PDF
155.64 KB
12/01/2017 ESMA50-1215332076-23 Opinion on the impact of the exclusion of fund management companies from the scope of the MiFIR intervention powers Opinion PDF
224.29 KB
19/12/2016 2016/1673 2016-1673 Q&A on MiFID II commodity derivatives topics Q&A PDF
338.93 KB
30/05/2016 2016/730 ANNEX Annex- Opinion on draft RTS 20 on ancillary activity Opinion PDF
220.42 KB
30/05/2016 2016/730 Opinion on draft RTS 20 on ancillary activity Opinion PDF
148.29 KB
02/05/2016 2016/668 ANNEX Annex- Opinion on draft RTS 21 position limits Opinion PDF
124.02 KB
02/05/2016 2016/668 Opinion on draft RTS 21 position limits Opinion PDF
152.8 KB
02/05/2016 2016/666 ANNEX Annex- Opinion on draft RTS 2 non-equity transparency Opinion PDF
633.28 KB
02/05/2016 2016/666 Opinion on draft RTS 2 non-equity transparency Opinion PDF
193.79 KB
08/02/2016 2016/268 Opinion on equivalence of Turkish prospectus regime Opinion PDF
98.76 KB
25/09/2015 2015/1462 ESMA opinion on accounting for Deposit Guarantee Scheme , Opinion PDF
127.91 KB
01/07/2015 2015/1005 Questions and Answers: Investment-based crowdfunding: money laundering/terrorist financing Q&A PDF
157.73 KB
18/12/2014 2014/1378 Opinion- Investment-based crowdfunding Opinion PDF
460.92 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.  Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind. Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in this document.