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29/03/2016 2016/410 ESMA Report on Enforcement and Regulatory Activities of Accounting Enforcers in 2015 , , Report PDF
692.52 KB

Executive Summary

This report provides an overview of the activities of the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) and the accounting enforcers in the European Economic Area (EEA), thereafter, ‘European enforcers’, when examining compliance of financial information provided by issuers listed on regulated markets with the applicable financial reporting framework in 2015. It also provides an overview of the main activities performed at European level, quantitative information on enforcement activities in Europe as well as ESMA’s contribution to the development of the single rule book in the area of financial reporting. In addition, it also outlines ESMA’s activities for 2016 in the area of corporate reporting following its Supervisory Convergence Work Programme.

Supervisory Convergence

Following the implementation of the ESMA Guidelines on enforcement of financial information (hereafter the Guidelines on enforcement), ESMA and European enforcers have further strengthened supervisory convergence in the area of enforcement of financial information. The Guidelines on enforcement significantly contributed to the alignment of supervisory approaches/procedures through the use of harmonised key concepts for examinations, of a common set of enforcement priorities, of common rules for enforcement actions and of a single set of criteria for identifying accounting matters for which coordination at European level within ESMA is needed. In the last area, the number of accounting issues discussed by the enforcers before taking enforcement decisions increased significantly (65 emerging issues in 2015 vs 47 in 2014) and contributed to enhancing supervisory convergence as enforcers should take into account the outcome of these discussions when taking decisions .

In 2015 ESMA and European enforcers evaluated the level of compliance with IFRS in the areas identified as common enforcement priorities for the 2014 annual financial statements on a sample of 189 issuers. This assessment resulted in 40 enforcement actions being taken on shortcomings in the disclosures of assumptions and judgements supporting the recognition of deferred tax assets arising from tax losses, when assessing control or classifying joint arrangements.

As in previous years, ESMA together with European enforcers identified and included in their supervisory practices a set of common enforcement priorities significant for European issuers when preparing their 2015 IFRS financial statements. These priorities include the impact of the financial markets’ conditions in IFRS financial statements, presentation of the statement of cash flows and related disclosures as well as the fair value measurement of non-financial assets and related disclosures. Specific references to some of the 2014 common priorities and to the new IFRS requirements, notably on IFRS 9 Financial Instruments and IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers are also part of these priorities.

As a response to increased concerns in the markets, ESMA issued Guidelines on Alternative Performance Measures (hereafter the Guidelines on APMs) which are aimed at contributing to the publication of transparent, unbiased and comparable information by European issuers on their financial performance. The Guidelines on APMs will apply to APMs disclosed by issuers when publishing regulated information or persons responsible for the prospectus. European enforcers had to adapt their supervisory procedures and declare their compliance to these guidelines.

Also as part of the supervisory convergence activities, ESMA issued an Opinion on the application of the IFRS requirements on the cash contributions to Deposit Guarantee Schemes (DGS) in order to address the divergence in the application and enforcement in the accounting treatment applicable to these contributions and to prevent it from becoming widespread.

ESMA published a Statement referring to principles relevant for improving the quality of disclosures as a response to concerns expressed by users on the overload, lack of completeness or relevance of the information provided in the financial statements.

Finally, European enforcers examined the interim or annual financial statements of approximately 1,200 issuers representing an average examination rate of 20% of all IFRS issuers with securities listed on regulated markets, out of which 14% related to unlimited scope examinations and 6% to focused examinations. As a result of these activities, European enforcers took actions addressing material departures against 273 issuers, representing around 25% of the selected sample. The main deficiencies were identified in the areas of financial statements presentation, impairment of non-financial assets and accounting for financial instruments.

Single Rule Book

ESMA actively participated to the accounting standard setting process by providing European enforcers’ positions on all major new standards issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and by contributing to the discussions in the EFRAG Board and the Technical Expert Group (EFRAG TEG) meetings. Notably, ESMA provided specific input to the due process and endorsement advices on IFRS 9, in aspects related to investor protection and financial stability as well as on its interaction with IFRS 4 Insurance Contracts. In addition, ESMA also contributed to the consistent application of IFRS by engaging with the IASB and the IFRS Interpretations Committee (IFRS IC) when relevant issues were identified by enforcers and where a lack of clarity in IFRS could contribute to their divergent application.

In accordance with its mandate under the Transparency Directive, ESMA has submitted to the European Commission for endorsement the draft Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS) on the European Electronic Access Point (EEAP) and published the consultation paper on the draft RTS on European Single Electronic Format (ESEF).

Next Steps

ESMA published its Supervisory Convergence Work Programme which covers, among other topics, the activities of accounting enforcers. In addition to the regular activities, ESMA envisages to start carrying out peer reviews on some of the ESMA Guidelines on enforcement, to publish statements on the implementation of new major IFRS and to develop supervisory briefings to align procedures of European enforcers when monitoring and enforcing the Guidelines on APMs and disclosures in the financial statements.

14/06/2013 2224977 Updated mandate on EMIR equivalence Letter PDF
364.5 KB
01/03/2013 308184 European Commission extends deadline for ESMA advice on equivalence of non-EU rules with EMIR Letter PDF
137.93 KB

On February 27, the European Commission extended for four months the deadline for ESMA advise on the equivalence between non-EU legal and supervisory frameworks and EMIR, the European Markets Infrastructure Regulation.  According to the letter from the Commission, ESMA shall now deliver its advice on Japan and the USA by 15 June 2013 and, for the remaining countries specified in the request by 15 July 2013.  The original deadline was 15 March 2013.

13/05/2013 804587 EMIR – Draft standard on the cross-border application of EMIR, (Art. 4(4) and 11(14)) Letter PDF
157.5 KB
20/03/2014 Ares(2014)513399 EC response on classification of financial instruments Letter PDF
194.08 KB

European Commission response to ESMA's letter to Michel Barnier, Commissioner for Internal Market and Services regarding the classificiation of financial instruments as derivatives sent on 14 February. ESMA Letter 2014/184

26/09/2013 DG Markt MJ/acg (2013) 3265823 European Commission letter regarding Draft Technical Standard on the Cross-Border Application of EMIR Letter PDF
82.86 KB
19/12/2014 EC 18/12/2014 Letter from European Commission- Amended draft RTS on clearing obligation for IRS Letter PDF
555.82 KB

EC 18/12/2014 annex

13/02/2015 EC-15-639 European Commission letter regarding EMIR clearing obligation on Interest Rate Swaps Letter PDF
183.74 KB
04/05/2020 ESAs 2020 09 EMIR RTS on various amendments to the bilateral margin requirements in view of the international framework , , Report PDF
338.72 KB
18/01/2017 ESAS-2017-82 Report on the functionning of the CRR with the related obligations under EMIR Report PDF
602.75 KB
05/01/2017 ESMA32-63-200 20th Extract from the EECS’s Database of Enforcement Report PDF
498.99 KB
31/10/2017 ESMA32-63-334 Report 21st Extract from the EECS's Database of Enforcement Report PDF
522.76 KB
20/12/2017 ESMA32-63-413 Letter to IFRS IC on voluntary tax payments Letter PDF
139.2 KB
03/04/2018 ESMA32-63-424 Enforcement and Regulatory Activities of Accounting Enforcers in 2017 , Report PDF
955.19 KB
27/03/2019 ESMA32-63-672 Enforcement and Regulatory Activities of European Accounting Enforcers in 2018 , Report PDF
1.29 MB
01/04/2019 ESMA32-63-697 Letter to IFRS IC- Determination of the lease term Letter PDF
190.47 KB
17/04/2019 ESMA32-63-699 Letter to IFRS IC- Application of hyperinflationary accounting Letter PDF
337.94 KB
17/04/2019 ESMA32-63-711 Letter to IFRS IC- Presentation of lump-sum compensation payments in the airline industry Letter PDF
312.75 KB
16/07/2019 ESMA32-63-717 23rd Extract from the EECS’s Database of Enforcement Report PDF
441.84 KB
02/04/2020 ESMA32-63-845 24th Extract from the EECS’s Database of Enforcement Report PDF
321.89 KB