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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
09/11/2015 2015/1638 Opinion on emergency measure by the Greek HCMC under short selling regulation Opinion PDF
136.05 KB
21/12/2015 2015/1900 Opinion on emergency measure by the Greek HCMC under short selling regulation Opinion PDF
61.57 KB
08/02/2016 2016/268 Opinion on equivalence of Turkish prospectus regime Opinion PDF
98.76 KB
24/03/2020 ESMA70-155-9604 Opinion on FMA emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
265.61 KB
15/04/2020 ESMA70-155-9848 Opinion on FMA emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
432.15 KB
19/03/2020 ESMA70-155-9590 Opinion on FSMA emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
260.27 KB
15/04/2020 ESMA70-155-9833 Opinion on FSMA emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
306.36 KB
19/03/2020 ESMA70-155-9587 Opinion on HCMC emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
260.22 KB
15/04/2020 ESMA70-155-9853 Opinion on HCMC emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
308.38 KB
30/09/2021 ESMA80-196-5819 Opinion on improving access to and use of credit ratings Opinion PDF
331.84 KB
12/01/2017 ESMA50-1215332076-23 Opinion on the impact of the exclusion of fund management companies from the scope of the MiFIR intervention powers Opinion PDF
224.29 KB
18/12/2014 2014/1378 Opinion- Investment-based crowdfunding Opinion PDF
460.92 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.  Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind. Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in this document.
01/04/2022 ESMA32-51-370 Q&A on ESMA Guidelines on Alternative Performance Measures , Q&A PDF
987.02 KB
30/01/2013 2013/159 Q&A on Implementation of the Regulation on short selling and certain aspects of credit default swaps (2nd update) Q&A PDF
873.32 KB
11/04/2019 ESMA31-62-780 Q&A on Prospectus Related Topics , , , , , , Q&A PDF
957.9 KB
29/07/2021 ESMA33-5-87 Q&A on the Implementation of the Regulation (EU) No 462 2013 On CRA Q&A PDF
409.83 KB
17/11/2022 JC 2022 62 Q&A on the SFDR Delegated Regulation , Q&A PDF
598.99 KB
12/10/2022 ESMA31-62-1258 Q&As on the Prospectus Regulation Q&A PDF
829.14 KB
03/11/2020 ESMA71-99-1423 QA Fast Track Peer Review- Wirecard , , Q&A PDF
248.14 KB
29/05/2018 ESMA70-145-408 Question and Answers (Q&A) on the Regulation on short selling and certain aspects of credit default swaps (SSR) Q&A PDF
536.17 KB