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15/02/2016 2016/288 RF Reply Form DP BMR Reference DOCX
796.16 KB
04/04/2016 2016/222 ToR MISC Reference PDF
130.02 KB
25/05/2016 2016/724 Requirements for reference data submission under Article 4 MAR , Statement PDF
88.1 KB
27/05/2016 2016/723 Consultation Paper on ESMA technical advice on Benchmarks Regulation , Consultation Paper PDF
905.26 KB
03/06/2016 2016/723 RF Reply form for the Consultation Paper on ESMA technical advice on Benchmarks Regulation , Reference DOCX
784.51 KB
06/07/2016 2016/1078 Opinion on CONSOB emergency measure under the Short Selling Regulation , Opinion PDF
158.94 KB

OPINION OF THE EUROPEAN SECURITIES AND MARKETS AUTHORITY

of 6 July 2016

on a proposed emergency measure by CONSOB under Section 1 of Chapter V of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012

 

 

 

 

 

In accordance with Article 44(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1095/2010 the Board of Supervisors has adopted the following opinion:

  1. Legal basis

According to Article 27(2) of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2012 on short selling and certain aspects of credit default swaps[1], the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) shall within 24 hours of the notification made by a competent authority under Article 26 of that Regulation, issue an opinion on whether it considers the measure or proposed measure is necessary to address the exceptional circumstances.

  1. Background
    1. In accordance with Article 26 of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012, CONSOB notified ESMA on 5 July 2016 of its intention to make use of its powers of intervention in exceptional circumstances and to introduce an emergency measure under Article 20(2)(b) of that Regulation.
    2. The concerned emergency measure consists of a ban on net short positions on Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena spa (“BMPS” - ISIN IT0005092165) shares, either directly or through related instruments and irrespectively of the venue or market in which the transactions leading to those positions are conducted.
    3. The proposed measure will not apply to trading in index-related instruments.
    4. CONSOB has not exempted entities performing market making activities from the scope of the prohibition. CONSOB justifies the absence of an exemption for market makers on the fact that the definition of market makers is not convergent across different jurisdictions.
    5. The proposed measure is expected to enter into force on 7 July 2016 at 00:00:01 CET and to be applicable until 5 October 2016 at 24:00:00 CET.
    6. On 4 July 2016 BMPS published a press release whereby it informed the public of a draft regulatory request coming from the European Central Bank (“ECB”).
    7. In particular, the ECB has requested BMPS to reduce the amount of non-performing loans (“NPL”) by close to 15 billion euro by 2018 and provide the ECB, by 3 October 2016, with a credible plan outlining the measures to be taken by BMPS in order to reduce the NPL compared to the total loans (i.e. from an actual ratio NPL/total loans of 42% to a target ratio of 20% by 2018).
    8. BMPS should submit the above plan by Monday 3 October 2016.
    9. Following the publication of the press release, BMPS price fell by 13.99% in a single day (4 July 2016) in respect to the reference price of the day before. The drop in price continued, more intensely, the following day (-19.39% on 5 July 2016).
  1. On the adverse events or developments
    1. ESMA considers that the circumstances described above are adverse events or developments which constitute a serious threat to market confidence in Italy.
    2. More specifically, it should be noted that the BMPS share price already fell by 26.29% in the period starting from 24 June to 1 July 2016, following the results of the UK referendum. Overall, the price of BMPS shares has fallen by 50% in the last thirteen days, and a substantial selling pressure and unusual volatility in the price of shares issued by BMPS could be reasonably expected as market uncertainty remains. Moreover, BMPS is among the Italian issuers with the highest net short position (roughly equal to 6% of the share capital as at 1 July 2016).
    3. As a result, and at least until the abovementioned BMPS plan to reduce the amount of non-performing loans has been submitted to the ECB, a threat to market confidence persists regarding BMPS shares. If an abrupt decline in the price of BMPS shares continues, there is a risk of contagion effect to other shares of the Italian banking sector.
    4. In this respect, it should be considered that the ECB has requested BMPS to reduce the amount of NPL by close to 15 billion euro by 2018 and that BMPS net equity, according to the Consolidated Report on Operations as at 31 December 2015, was close to 9.5 billion euro. Therefore, the realisation of the plan may require significant adjustment.
    5. The combination of large short positions, severe decline movements in price in the last weeks and the impact of the actions that the bank will need to undertake in view of the relevance of the required measures constitutes in ESMA´s view a clearly adverse scenario for the stability of the bank and, given its relative size, of the Italian banking sector.
  1. On the appropriateness and proportionality of the measure
    1. ESMA considers that the emergency measure under Article 20(2)(b) of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 in relation to BMPS shares is appropriate and proportionate to address the threat in the Italian financial markets.
    2. The measure is adequate to address the expected substantial selling pressures and the unusual volatility causing significant downward spirals in BMPS shares (adverse events and developments as indicated in letter c) of Article 24(1) of Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 918/2012), given that it limits the ability to enter into short positions, which may be a relevant factor behind the severe falls experienced in recent dates. In that sense, to the extent that the measure restricts the ability to adopt short positions, it may also indirectly reduce the risk of a contagion effect to other shares of the Italian banking sector.
    3. The measure is appropriate because it is the least stringent of all the measures that would sufficiently address the threat. A temporary restriction on short selling according to Article 23 of the Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 (which CONSOB also adopted on 5 July 2016) would not address the long period of risk as it may not be extended to the described period of three months. Similarly, a mere short sale prohibition would not cover activities through derivatives. Above that, a total ban including all products could have been considered, but CONSOB has decided to minimise possible detrimental effects on the efficiency of financial markets, and does not extend the restrictions to index-related instruments.
    4. As to the non-exemption for entities performing market making activities (market makers), ESMA notes that CONSOB considers that, given the broad dispersion of what is considered a market maker in different Member States, should the exemption be introduced, it would apply to a potentially very wide number of entities, affecting therefore the effectiveness of the prohibition. On the one hand, ESMA acknowledges that such a diversity exists and that the exemption for market makers could reach a wide number of entities compared to those that usually perform market making on a regular basis. On the other hand, ESMA considers that the non-application of the exemption to active market makers could dis-incentivise or make more complex the quoting of BMPS shares by market makers active in this specific share, which could detract additional liquidity from the market.
  1. On the duration of the measure
    1. ESMA considers that the duration of the measure, although it consumes the maximum period envisaged in the Regulation and is therefore a long-lasting measure, is justified, given the intention of covering the deadline BMPS was given by the ECB to deliver the plan to reduce the amount of non-performing loans (3 October 2016).
    2. Besides, the measure may be lifted before the end of the established period if circumstances that justified the imposition of the measure improve. ESMA recommends CONSOB to monitor closely the situation and to consider lifting the measure before the initial deadline if the situation so permits, to ensure that the restrictions remain in place for the shortest possible time.

This opinion will be published on ESMA’s website.

Done at Paris, 6 July 2016

 

[1] OJ L 86, 24.3.2012, p. 1–24.

13/07/2016 2016/1130 Final Report on the Market Abuse Regulation Guidelines , Report PDF
852.59 KB
26/07/2016 2016/1171 Final Report Draft Implementing Technical Standards on sanctions and measures under MAR , Final Report PDF
929.78 KB
26/07/2016 2016/1164 Letter to the Commissioner Dombrovskis on MAR ITS , Letter PDF
205.33 KB
30/09/2016 2016/1408 ESMA appoints new chairs to Standing Committees , , , Statement PDF
141.3 KB

The Board of Supervisors of the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has appointed the following individuals to serve as chairs of its standing committees:

  • Hannelore Lausch, Executive Director of the Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht (BaFin), Germany, will chair the Market Data Standing Committee;
  • Cyril Roux, Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Ireland (CBI, will chair the Investment Management Standing Committee; and
  • Merel van Vroonhoven, Chair of the Autoriteit Financiële Markten (AFM), Netherlands, will chair the Investor Protection and Intermediaries Standing Committee.

The standing committees are expert groups drawn from ESMA staff and the national competent authorities for securities markets regulation in the Member States, and are responsible for the development of policy in their respective areas.  The appointments are for a period of two years and commence with immediate effect.

30/09/2016 2016/1412 Final Report on MAR Guidelines on commodity derivatives , , Final Report PDF
566.52 KB

Article 7(5) of MAR provides that the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) shall issue guidelines to establish a non-exhaustive indicative list of information which is reasonably expected or is required to be disclosed in accordance with legal or regulatory provisions in Union or national law, market rules, contract, practice or custom, on the relevant commodity derivatives markets or spot markets as referred to in Article 7(1)(b) of MAR. This final report follows the Consultation Paper (CP) issued on March 2016.

Contents

Section 2 contains information on the background and mandate, while Section 3 sets out ESMA’s feedback to the CP responses in relation to the scope of the guidelines, the financial instruments and products covered by the examples of information relating directly and indirectly to commodity derivatives and information directly relating to a spot market contract. It also indicates whether and where ESMA has changed the guidelines following the consultation.

Annex I lists questions raised in the CP. Annex 2 provides the legislative mandate on the basis of which ESMA is issuing these guidelines. Annex 3 sets out ESMA’s view on the costs and benefits associated with these guidelines. Annex 4 contains the text of the guidelines.

Next steps

The guidelines in Annex 4 will be translated into the official languages of the European Union and published on the ESMA’s website. Within 2 months of the issuance of the translations, each national competent authority will have to confirm whether it complies or intends to comply with those guidelines. In the event that a national competent authority does not comply or does not intend to comply, it will have to inform ESMA, stating its reasons. ESMA will publish the fact that a national competent authority does not comply or does not intend to comply with those guidelines.

 

 

20/10/2016 2016/1477 MAR Guidelines- Persons receiving market soundings , , Guidelines & Recommendations PDF
278.79 KB

BG  - Преводът е предоставен от Центъра за преводи за органите на Европейския съюз.

CS - Tento překlad vypracovalo Překladatelské středisko pro instituce Evropské unie.

DA - Denne oversættelse er udarbejdet af Oversættelsescentret for Den Europæiske Unions Organer.

DE - Die Übersetzung erfolgte durch das Übersetzungszentrum für die Einrichtungen der Europäischen Union.

EL - Η παρούσα μετάφραση έγινε από το Μεταφραστικό Κέντρο των Οργάνων της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης.

ES - Texto traducido por el Centro de Traducción de los Órganos de la Unión Europea.

ET - Selle tõlke tegi Euroopa Liidu Asutuste Tõlkekeskus.

FI - Euroopan unionin elinten käännöskeskus on tehnyt tämän käännöksen.

FR - La présente traduction a été fournie par le Centre de traduction des organes de l’Union européenne. 

HR - Za prijevod se pobrinuo Prevoditeljski centar za tijela Europske unije.

HU - Ezt a fordítást az Európai Unió.

IT - La presente traduzione è stata fornita dal Centro di traduzione degli organismi dell’Unione europea.

LT - Šį tekstą išvertė Europos Sąjungos įstaigų vertimo centras.

LV - Šo tulkojumu ir nodrošinājis Eiropas Savienības iestāžu Tulkošanas centrs.

MT - Din it-traduzzjoni ġiet ipprovduta  miċ-Ċentru tat-Traduzzjoni għall-Korpi tal-Unjoni Ewropea.

NL - Deze vertaling is verzorgd door het Vertaalbureau voor de organen van de Europese Unie.

PL - Tłumaczenie wykonane przez Centrum Tłumaczeń dla Organów Unii Europejskiej.

PT - Esta tradução foi fornecida pelo Centro de Tradução dos Organismos da União Europeia.

RO - Această traducere a fost asigurată de Centrul de Traduceri pentru Organismele Uniunii Europene.

SK - Preklad vyhotovilo Prekladateľské stredisko pre orgány Európskej únie.

SL - Prevod je zagotovil Prevajalski center za organe Evropske unije.

SV - Den här översättningen har utförts av Översättningscentrum för Europeiska unionens organ.

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20/10/2016 2016/1478 MAR Guidelines- Delay in the disclosure of inside information , , Guidelines & Recommendations PDF
184.61 KB

BG  - Преводът е предоставен от Центъра за преводи за органите на Европейския съюз.

CS - Tento překlad vypracovalo Překladatelské středisko pro instituce Evropské unie.

DA - Denne oversættelse er udarbejdet af Oversættelsescentret for Den Europæiske Unions Organer.

DE - Die Übersetzung erfolgte durch das Übersetzungszentrum für die Einrichtungen der Europäischen Union.

EL - Η παρούσα μετάφραση έγινε από το Μεταφραστικό Κέντρο των Οργάνων της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης.

ES - Texto traducido por el Centro de Traducción de los Órganos de la Unión Europea.

ET - Selle tõlke tegi Euroopa Liidu Asutuste Tõlkekeskus.

FI - Euroopan unionin elinten käännöskeskus on tehnyt tämän käännöksen.

FR - La présente traduction a été fournie par le Centre de traduction des organes de l’Union européenne. 

HR - Za prijevod se pobrinuo Prevoditeljski centar za tijela Europske unije.

HU - Ezt a fordítást az Európai Unió.

IT - La presente traduzione è stata fornita dal Centro di traduzione degli organismi dell’Unione europea.

LT - Šį tekstą išvertė Europos Sąjungos įstaigų vertimo centras.

LV - Šo tulkojumu ir nodrošinājis Eiropas Savienības iestāžu Tulkošanas centrs.

MT - Din it-traduzzjoni ġiet ipprovduta  miċ-Ċentru tat-Traduzzjoni għall-Korpi tal-Unjoni Ewropea.

NL - Deze vertaling is verzorgd door het Vertaalbureau voor de organen van de Europese Unie.

PL - Tłumaczenie wykonane przez Centrum Tłumaczeń dla Organów Unii Europejskiej.

PT - Esta tradução foi fornecida pelo Centro de Tradução dos Organismos da União Europeia.

RO - Această traducere a fost asigurată de Centrul de Traduceri pentru Organismele Uniunii Europene.

SK - Preklad vyhotovilo Prekladateľské stredisko pre orgány Európskej únie.

SL - Prevod je zagotovil Prevajalski center za organe Evropske unije.

SV - Den här översättningen har utförts av Översättningscentrum för Europeiska unionens organ.

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16/12/2016 2016/1663 Opinion on intended accepted market practice on liquidity contracts by the CNMV Opinion PDF
6.43 MB

Link to the revised template describing the Spanish AMP as established through a Circular and published by the CNMV in accordance with Article 2 (3) of Commission Delegated Regulation  (EU) 2016/908: https://www.esma.europa.eu/sites/default/files/cnmv_amp_-_revised_template_post_circular.pdf.

 

17/01/2017 ESMA/2016/1480 MAR Guidelines on commodity derivatives , , Guidelines & Recommendations PDF
214.29 KB

BG  - Преводът е предоставен от Центъра за преводи за органите на Европейския съюз.

CS - Tento překlad vypracovalo Překladatelské středisko pro instituce Evropské unie.

DA - Denne oversættelse er udarbejdet af Oversættelsescentret for Den Europæiske Unions Organer.

DE - Die Übersetzung erfolgte durch das Übersetzungszentrum für die Einrichtungen der Europäischen Union.

EL - Η παρούσα μετάφραση έγινε από το Μεταφραστικό Κέντρο των Οργάνων της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης.

ES - Texto traducido por el Centro de Traducción de los Órganos de la Unión Europea.

ET - Selle tõlke tegi Euroopa Liidu Asutuste Tõlkekeskus.

FI - Euroopan unionin elinten käännöskeskus on tehnyt tämän käännöksen.

FR - La présente traduction a été fournie par le Centre de traduction des organes de l’Union européenne. 

HR - Za prijevod se pobrinuo Prevoditeljski centar za tijela Europske unije.

HU - Ezt a fordítást az Európai Unió.

IT - La presente traduzione è stata fornita dal Centro di traduzione degli organismi dell’Unione europea.

LT - Šį tekstą išvertė Europos Sąjungos įstaigų vertimo centras.

LV - Šo tulkojumu ir nodrošinājis Eiropas Savienības iestāžu Tulkošanas centrs.

MT - Din it-traduzzjoni ġiet ipprovduta  miċ-Ċentru tat-Traduzzjoni għall-Korpi tal-Unjoni Ewropea.

NL - Deze vertaling is verzorgd door het Vertaalbureau voor de organen van de Europese Unie.

PL - Tłumaczenie wykonane przez Centrum Tłumaczeń dla Organów Unii Europejskiej.

PT - Esta tradução foi fornecida pelo Centro de Tradução dos Organismos da União Europeia.

RO - Această traducere a fost asigurată de Centrul de Traduceri pentru Organismele Uniunii Europene.

SK - Preklad vyhotovilo Prekladateľské stredisko pre orgány Európskej únie.

SL - Prevod je zagotovil Prevajalski center za organe Evropske unije.

SV - Den här översättningen har utförts av Översättningscentrum för Europeiska unionens organ.

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25/04/2017 ESMA70-145-76 Points for convergence in relation to MAR accepted market practices on liquidity contracts , Opinion PDF
166.37 KB
30/05/2017 ESMA70-145-103 Communication on launch of reference data submission under MAR , Opinion PDF
132.12 KB
01/06/2017 ESMA7--145-100 Final report on MAR ITS on cooperation between competent authorities , Final Report PDF
926.19 KB
08/06/2017 ESMA70-145-104 Introductory statement for ECON meeting on level 2 Measures under the Benchmarks Regulation (BMR) Statement PDF
206.91 KB
07/07/2017 ESMA70-145-127 Consultation paper on the evaluation of the short-selling regulation , Consultation Paper PDF
1.46 MB