ESMA LIBRARY

The ESMA Library contains all ESMA documents. Please use the search and filter options to find specific documents.
194
DOCUMENTS

REFINE YOUR SEARCH

Sections

Type of document

Your filters
Benchmarks X Audit X Risk Analysis & Economics - Markets Infrastructure Investors X
Reset all filters
Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
10/06/2013 2013/712 ESMA Risk Dashboard No.2, 2013 Final Report PDF
806.84 KB
03/07/2013 2013/326 Retailisation in the EU Final Report PDF
976.31 KB
20/09/2013 2013/1139 ESMA Risk Dashboard No.3, 2013 Final Report PDF
891.55 KB
20/09/2013 2013/1138 Trends, Risks, Vulnerabilities No. 2, 2013 Final Report PDF
2.92 MB
20/09/2013 2013/1324 ESMA TRV: market conditions improve, as systemic risks persist Press Release PDF
149.46 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) published today its Trends, Risks, Vulnerabilities (TRV) Report and a Risk Dashboard for the second quarter of 2013. The TRV examines the performance of securities markets in the first half of 2013, assessing both trends and risks in order to develop a comprehensive picture of systemic and macro-prudential risks in the EU, to assist both national and EU bodies in their risk assessments. ESMA’s TRV contributes to promoting financial stability and enhancing consumer protection by regularly looking into cross-border and cross-sector trends, risks and vulnerabilities, both at the wholesale and retail level. The TRV finds that EU securities markets and investment conditions in the EU have improved for a second quarter in a row since the 4th quarter of 2012, although systemic risk persisted at medium to high levels. Amongst other risk factors, uncertainty remained high due to concerns over funding sources, low interest rates and recent market fluctuations, resulting in increased market risk, while liquidity, credit and contagion risk continue to be significant. Steven Maijoor, ESMA Chair, said: “While the easing of stress in financial markets is a positive sign, systemic risks in the EU remain high and uncertainty in the international market environment has risen. Valuations in securities markets, volatility in fund flows, and continuity issues around financial benchmarks remain a matter of concern. Faced with these issues regulators and market participants should remain vigilant. “ESMA’s work on identifying those risks facing Europe’s securities markets is an important component in the European System of Financial Supervision’s efforts to foster recovery in its markets and promote financial stability.” The TRV identifies the following key trends for the first half of 2013 in EU securities markets: • Securities markets: market conditions improved moderately while issuance was subdued with equity prices declining and inter-bank lending increasing. The second quarter saw an increase in sovereign borrowing costs, and corporate bonds; covered bonds and securitised products were subdued; • Collective investments: asset managers benefited from improved market conditions, mainly driven by bond, equity or alternative funds whereas money market fund assets decreased. Overall, leverage remained moderate but capital inflows were volatile reflecting a decline in investor sentiment; and • Market infrastructures: trading on EU venues increased in early 2013. Central clearing of interest rate swaps continued to grow. Potential continuity issues around financial benchmarks give rise to concerns. Key risks identified in the Report, and published separately in the Risk Dashboard, include: • Liquidity risk: even though policy action helped to reduce liquidity risks in main market segments, others rose, leaving the overall liquidity risk at high levels; • Credit risk: securities markets in the EU saw a reduction in issuance volumes, mainly in asset classes with higher risk and longer maturities. Despite recent debt refinancing, overall credit risk remains high; • Market risk: equity and bond markets risks increased driven by rising concerns over the valuation of assets; and • Contagion risk: the risk of contagion between market segments remained unchanged, while the level of credit default swap exposures declined. In addition, the TRV presents in-depth analyses on four specific topics: • First evidence on the impact of the Short-Selling Regulation on securities markets; • Contagion risks and the network structure of EU CDS exposures; • Overview of the EU UCITS industry; and • Overview of bail-in and contingent capital securities. Next steps As part of its on-going market surveillance, ESMA publishes its TRV semi-annually, complemented by its quarterly risk dashboard.
15/11/2013 2013/1454 ESMA Risk Dashboard No.4, 2013 Final Report PDF
1.12 MB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is publishing its Risk Dashboard No.4 for 2013. The Risk Dashboard provides a snapshot of risk issues in the third quarter of 2013 and covers the following areas: Economic environment and securities markets conditions; Liquidity Risk; Market Risk; Contagion Risk; and Credit Risk.
04/12/2013 2013/1880 IAASB ED– Reporting on Audited Financial Statements Letter PDF
171.53 KB
28/02/2014 2014/205 Call for expressions of interest: Group of Economic Advisers for ESMA’s Committee for Economic and Markets Analysis Reference PDF
158.95 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is seeking to appoint new members to its Group of Economic Advisors (GEA) for the Committee for Economic and Markets Analysis (CEMA). This follows the expiry of the term of the current GEA. CEMA has established the GEA in order to benefit from the expertise of stakeholders specialised in the topics of financial stability and general economic research related to financial markets. CEMA looks to this group to provide it with advice regarding our work related to financial stability and economic background analysis for the regulatory and supervisory tasks of ESMA. The closing date for application is 25 April 2014.  Application form
12/03/2014 2014/197 ESMA Risk Dashboard No.1, 2014 Final Report PDF
743.09 KB
12/03/2014 2014/188 Trends, Risks, Vulnerabilities No. 1, 2014 Final Report PDF
2.33 MB
07/04/2014 2014/363 Letter to the IAASB on its Proposed Strategy and Work Program for 2015-2019 Letter PDF
207.37 KB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) considered the Consultation Paper on the IAASB’s Proposed Strategy for 2015-2019 and the Proposed Work Program for 2015-2016 (CP) and thanks you for the opportunity to contribute to the IAASB’s due process. The views expressed in this letter are made from the point of view of securities regulators with the aim to enhance investor protection and improve listed entities’ auditors’ reports.

16/05/2014 2014/536 ESMA Risk Dashboard No.2, 2014 Final Report PDF
782.65 KB
11/06/2014 ESMA/WP/2 ESMA Working Paper- The systemic dimension of hedge fund illiquidity and prime brokerage Reference PDF
839.63 KB
We analyse the potentially vulnerable and systemically relevant financial intermediation chain established by hedge funds and prime brokers. Our dataset covers the 306 largest global hedge funds and their prime brokers over the period July 2001 to December 2011. The study illustrates that hedge funds and prime brokers act as complementary trading partners in normal times. However, we observe that this form of financial intermediation may be severely impaired in times of market distress. This can be explained by the hoarding of liquid securities by prime brokers who are eager to avert runs by their clients.
11/06/2014 ESMA/WP/1 ESMA Working Paper- Monitoring the European CDS market through networks: Implications for contagion risks Reference PDF
1005.17 KB
Based on a unique data set referencing exposures on single name credit default swaps (CDS) on European reference entities, we study the structure and the topology of the European CDS market and its evolution from 2008 to 2012, resorting to network analysis. The structural features revealed show bilateral CDS exposures describing growing scale-free networks whose highly interconnected hubs constitute both a strength and weakness for the stability of the system. The potential “super spreaders” of financial contagion, identified as the most interconnected participants, consist mostly of banks. For some of them net notional exposures may be particularly large relative to their total common equity. Our findings also point to the importance of some non-dealer/non-bank participants belonging to the shadow banking system.
03/09/2014 2014/884 Report on Trends Risks Vulnerabilities No. 2, 2014 Final Report PDF
2.5 MB
03/09/2014 2014/883 ESMA Risk Dashboard No. 3, 2014 Final Report PDF
763.54 KB
22/09/2014 JC/2014/063 Joint Committee Report on Risks and Vulnerabilities in the EU Financial System , Final Report PDF
507.84 KB
The Joint Committee of the European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) published today its bi-annual report on risks and vulnerabilities in the European Union's (EU) financial system. The report identifies a number of risks to financial stability in the EU, including prolonged weak economic growth in an environment characterised by high indebtedness, intensified search for yield in a protracted low interest rate environment, and uncertainties in global emerging market economies. The report also highlights risks related to conduct of business and Information Technologies (IT).
14/11/2014 2014/1341 ESMA Risk Dashboard No. 4, 2014 Final Report PDF
766.77 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has today published its Risk dashboard for the third quarter of 2014. ESMA’s Risk Dashboard assess the risks associated to European financial markets looking into liquidity, market, contagion and credit risks. The Dashboard finds that in 3Q14 EU systemic stress indicators increased, after experiencing a calm 2Q14. Contagion risk augmented and liquidity and market risk remained on high levels, with potential for further increases ahead. Credit risk receded though remaining at a high level. Overall, market sentiment continued to be at odds with sluggish economic fundamentals and guarded expectations. An environment of ultra-low interest rates supported markets and preserved the current hunt-for-yield behaviour of investors. However, markets recognised resulting new balance sheet risks, as risk spreads increased, equity valuation moderated and expectations for future short-term interest rates fanned out. Due to these offsetting forces liquidity risk and market risk remained stable, preserving the risk of critical market corrections for the future. The systemic impact of such corrections could be exacerbated by liquidity bottlenecks, such as might arise from structural factors such as thin dealer markets or rising collateral requirements.
17/12/2014 ECO-2014/1 ESMA's Economic Report No 1, 2014- High-frequency trading activity in EU equity markets Final Report PDF
1.87 MB
15/01/2015 ESMA/WP/2015/1 ESMA Working Paper- Real-world and risk-neutral probabilities in the regulation on the transparency of structured products Reference PDF
480.24 KB
The price of derivatives (and hence of structured products) can be calculated as the discounted value of expected future payoffs, assuming standard hypotheses on frictionless and complete markets and on the type of stochastic processes for the price of the underlying. However, the probabilities used in the pricing process do not represent “real” probabilities of future events, because they are based on the assumption that market participants are risk-neutral. This paper reviews the relevant mathematical finance literature, and clarifies that the risk-neutrality hypothesis is acceptable for pricing, but not to forecast the future value of an asset. Therefore, we argue that regulatory initiatives that mandate intermediaries to give retail investors information on the probability that, at a future date, the value of a derivative will be higher or lower than a given threshold (so-called “probability scenarios”) should explicitly reference probabilities that take into account the risk premium (so-called “real-world” probabilities). We also argue that, though probability scenarios may look appealing to foster investor protection, their practical implementation, if based on the right economic approach, raises significant regulatory and enforcement problems.