ESMA LIBRARY

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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
05/01/2017 2016/1621 2016-1621 ESMA letter to EC on postponement of ESEF RTS , , Letter PDF
87.44 KB
18/12/2014 2014/1560 Advice- Investment-based crowdfunding Final Report PDF
482.2 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind.  Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in sections 1 to 6 of this document.
01/07/2013 2013/815 Amendment to IAS 19 Employee benefits: Regional market issue Letter PDF
137.01 KB
09/02/2016 2016/235 Comment letter on Taxonomy due process , , Letter PDF
84.24 KB
06/04/2017 ESMA32-61-136 Comment Letter to EFRAG on ED 'Annual Improvements to IFRS Standards 2015–2017 Cycle' , , Letter PDF
373.28 KB
15/11/2019 ESMA32-61-380 Comment letter to EFRAG on ED IAS 1 amendments Disclosure accounting policies Letter PDF
166.11 KB
15/11/2019 ESMA32-61-378 Comment letter to EFRAG on ED IAS 12 Amendments deferred tax aristing from single transaction Letter PDF
35.9 KB
26/04/2012 2012/264 Comment letter to EFRAG on its discussion paper- Accounting for business combinations under common control Letter PDF
213.06 KB
28/10/2011 2011/352 Comment letter to EFRAG- EFRAG's draft response to the IASB ED Mandatory Effective Date IFRS 9 Letter PDF
36.28 KB
28/10/2011 2011/356 Comment letter to EFRAG- EFRAG's draft response to the IFRS Interpretations Committee draft response on the Committee's tentative agenda decisions Letter PDF
67.23 KB
26/05/2016 2016/728 Comment letter to IAASB on Audit Quality , Letter PDF
537.7 KB
06/04/2017 ESMA32-61-135 Comment Letter to IASB on ED 'Annual Improvements to IFRS Standards 2015–2017 Cycle' , , Letter PDF
367.8 KB
15/11/2019 ESMA32-61-379 Comment letter to IASB on ED IAS 1 amendments Disclosure accounting policies Letter PDF
154.66 KB
15/11/2019 ESMA32-61-369 Comment letter to IASB on ED IAS 12 Amendments deferred tax aristing from single transaction Letter PDF
37.41 KB
28/10/2011 2011/351 Comment letter to IASB- ED Mandatory Effective Date IFRS 9 Letter PDF
100.68 KB
15/02/2013 2013/211 Comment letter to the EFRAG regarding IASBs exposure draft- Annual Improvements to IFRSs 2011-2013 cycle Letter PDF
64.25 KB
11/12/2012 2012/780 Comment letter to the EFRAG regarding its call for evidence on experiences with IFRS 8 operating segments Letter PDF
476.75 KB
05/10/2011 2011/317 Comment letter to the EFRAG regarding its draft response on the IASB's Exposure draft- Improvements to IFRS Letter PDF
112.71 KB
26/07/2017 ESMA32-62-91 Comment letter to the IAASB on ISA 540 Auditing accounting estimates , Letter PDF
361.8 KB
11/12/2012 2012/779 Comment letter to the IASB regarding IFRS 8 operating segments Letter PDF
430.35 KB

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