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18/12/2020 ESMA80-192-10053 Public Statement_Registration_DTCC Data Repository (Ireland) PLC under EMIR and SFTR , Statement PDF
76.58 KB
02/02/2016 2016/165 Public Statement- Supervisory work on potential closet index tracking Statement PDF
258.17 KB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is issuing this statement to inform stakeholders and especially investors about the potential for some European collective investment funds to be ‘closet index trackers’, and to give details on the work that ESMA has been doing in this context.

Introduction

  1. ESMA’s attention was drawn to an alleged practice in the European collective investment management industry whereby asset managers claim, according to their fund rules and investor information documentation, to manage their funds in an active manner while the funds are, in fact, staying very close to a benchmark and therefore implementing an investment strategy which requires less input from the investment manager. At the same time, it is alleged that these funds charge management fees in line with those of funds that are considered to be actively managed[1]. This practice is commonly referred to as ‘closet indexing’ or ‘index hugging’.
  2. In many EU Member States, NCAs have launched or are in the process of launching specific investigations, in addition to their regular monitoring and supervisory functions, to determine the potential extent of closet indexing in their jurisdictions, with a focus on equity funds at this stage. At the same time, the issue has been the subject of considerable attention by investor protection groups and the media throughout the European Union.

Reasons for issuing this statement

  1. The issues around ‘closet indexing’ form part of a broader issue on the effectiveness of investor disclosure and the legitimate expectations of investors in respect of the service provided by some asset managers. Nonetheless, the potential practice of closet indexing in Europe raises questions that merit closer analysis. The analysis carried out by ESMA (see paragraphs 9 to 16 for more details) indicates that there might be a small, but not insignificant number of funds in the EU equity fund sector that may be closet index trackers. If the existence of this practice were to be confirmed by further supervisory scrutiny carried out at national level, this could mean that:
  1. investors could be making investment decisions based on an expectation that they will be provided with a more active fund management service than they receive in practice and, therefore, may be paying higher management fees than that usually envisaged for a passive/not significantly active management service;
  2. investors may be exposed to a different risk/return profile than they expect; and
  3. some asset managers may not provide clear descriptions of how funds are managed in key disclosure documents such as the fund’s Prospectus and Key Investor Information Document (KIID).
  1. ESMA considers it important that fund managers take their commitments in disclosure documents seriously. Managers should expect supervisory consequences where evidence for incorrect disclosures is proven.
 

[1] ESMA recognises that management fees may depend on a number of factors.

20/07/2011 2011/211 Public statement- Retrospective Adjustments to Financial Statements Following Rejection Notes Published by the IFRS Interpretations Committee , Statement PDF
29.57 KB
09/11/2018 ESMA80-187-149 Public statement- Contingency plans of Credit Rating Agencies and Trade Repositories in the context of the United Kingdom withdrawing from the European Union , , Statement PDF
137.78 KB
09/07/2020 ESMA34-39-109 Public statement on external support within the meaning of Article 35 of the MMF Regulation , Statement PDF
118.34 KB
20/07/2016 2016/1148 Public Statement Issues for consideration in implementing IFRS 15 , Statement PDF
373.45 KB
30/01/2019 ESMA71-99-1095 New IMSC Chair , Statement PDF
85.59 KB
25/02/2021 JC 2021 06 Joint ESAs supervisory statement- SFDR , Statement PDF
220.21 KB
24/10/2019 JC-2019-64 Joint ESA Supervisory Statement – application of scope of the PRIIPs Regulation to bonds , Statement PDF
802.39 KB
02/04/2013 2013/413 Final Report- Draft regulatory technical standards on types of AIFMs Technical Standards PDF
116.08 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published its draft regulatory technical standards (RTS) to determine types of alternative investment fund managers (AIFMs), where relevant in the application of the AIFMD.  The draft RTS distinguish AIFMs managing alternative investment funds (AIF) of the open-ended type and AIFMs managing AIFs of the closed-ended type, in order to apply the rules on liquidity management, the valuation procedures and the transitional provisions of the AIFMD.  ESMA was required to develop these RTS by Article 4(4) of the AIFMD and they are aimed at ensuring uniform conditions of application of the AIFMD across the European Union.
22/10/2019 ESMA32-63-791 European common enforcement priorities for 2019 annual financial reports , Statement PDF
482.56 KB
27/08/2020 ESMA34-49-184 ESMA’s guidelines on stress test scenarios under the MMFR continue to be applicable until their 2020 update Statement PDF
126.94 KB
14/05/2020 ESMA50-158-2232 ESMA supports ESRB actions to address COVID-related systemic vulnerabilities , Statement PDF
81.33 KB
11/06/2020 ESMA32-334-245 ESMA response to EC Consultation on NFRD , Statement PDF
429.86 KB
06/05/2020 ESMA71-99-1321 ESMA registers SFTR TRs , , Statement PDF
95.4 KB
31/05/2017 ESMA71-99-470 ESMA registers Bloomberg Trade Repository Limited as a trade repository , Statement PDF
141.48 KB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA), the EU supervisor of trade repositories (TRs), has registered Bloomberg Trade Repository Limited as a TR under the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR), with effect from 7 June 2017. Bloomberg Trade Repository Limited is based in the United Kingdom and covers the following derivative asset classes: commodities, credit, foreign exchange, equities and interest rates.

23/09/2020 ESMA71-99-1404 ESMA reappoints the chairs of its Data and Investment Management Standing Committees , , Statement PDF
86.16 KB
24/03/2021 ESMA34-43-880 ESMA presents the results of the 2020 Common Supervisory Action (CSA) on UCITS liquidity risk management Statement PDF
153.02 KB
07/11/2018 ESMA71-99-1058 ESMA new SC chairs , , Statement PDF
142.32 KB
28/01/2021 ESMA71-99-1544 ESMA appoints new IPISC and CSN chairs , , , Statement