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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
20/04/2022 ESMA80-187-945 Verena Ross' speech at ECMI/CEPS Webinar, 20 April 2022 , , Speech PDF
178.1 KB

Verena Ross' speech at ECMI/CEPS Webinar, 20 April 2022: "ESMA – driving forward high-quality supervision and transparency in a single EU capital market"

06/07/2011 2011/203 The European Fund Industry Paradigm , Speech PDF
35.65 KB

The European Fund Industry Paradigm: Combining Long Term Investment Horizons and Risk Profiles Opening speech by Steven Maijoor, Chair of ESMA, at the Paris EUROPLACE Financial Forum - 6 July 2011

01/06/2015 2015/904 The Capital Markets Union, Asset Management and Stability , Speech PDF
78.68 KB
Steven Maijoor delivered a speech at the 26th Annual Conference of the International Bar Association on the Globalisation of Investment Funds.
23/06/2015 JC/DC/2015/01 Technical Discussion Paper (DP) on the PRIIPs Key Information Document (KID) , Consultation Paper PDF
1.16 MB
EBA, EIOPA, and ESMA (the ESAs) welcome comments on this Technical Discussion Paper on Risk, Performance Scenarios and Cost Disclosures in Key Information Documents for Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products (PRIIPs). The discussion paper is available on the websites of the three ESAs. Comments on this discussion paper can be sent using the response form, via the ESMA website under the heading ‘Your input/Consultations’ by 17 August 2015. Contributions not received in Word, or sent to an email address, or after the deadline, will not be processed. It is important to note that although you may not be able to respond to each and every question, the ESAs would encourage partial responses from stakeholders on those questions that they believe are most relevant to them. Publication of responses All contributions received will be published following the close of the consultation, unless you request otherwise. A standard confidentiality statement in an email message will not be treated as a request for non-disclosure. A confidential response may be requested from us in accordance with the ESAs’ rules on public access to documents.  We may consult you if we receive such a request. Any decision we make not to disclose the response is reviewable by the Board of Appeal of the ESAs and the European Ombudsman. Data protection Information on data protection can be found on the different ESAs’ websites under the heading ‘Legal notice’.
03/04/2019 ESMA71-319-93 Steven Maijoor Keynote speech- BETTER FINANCE 10th Anniversary 2019 , , , Speech PDF
165.49 KB
17/12/2021 ESMA91-372-1913 Statement on UK CCP Article25 2c assessment 2021 , , Statement PDF
166.79 KB
14/09/2015 JC 2015 056 Statement by Steven Maijoor Chair ESAs Joint Committee- ECON Scrutiny session on PRIIPs 14 September 2015 , Speech PDF
105.88 KB
26/05/2016 2016/735 Speech for the AIMA Global Policy and Regulatory Forum – Verena Ross, 18 May 2016, London , Speech PDF
180.75 KB
12/07/2021 ESMA91-372-1356 RTS CCPRRR Recovery Plan Factors Consultation Paper PDF
469.56 KB
20/12/2013 2013/1974 Revision of the provisions on diversification of collateral in ESMA’s guidelines on ETFs and other UCITS issues Consultation Paper PDF
202.22 KB
21/10/2020 ESMA71-99-1421 Retail investors and asset management are the pillars of a successful Capital Markets Union , , Speech PDF
170.21 KB
23/06/2015 JC/DP/2015/01 reply form Response form to joint Discussion Paper on PRIIPS , Consultation Paper DOCX
797.16 KB
18/12/2020 ESMA80-192-10053 Public Statement_Registration_DTCC Data Repository (Ireland) PLC under EMIR and SFTR , Statement PDF
76.58 KB
02/02/2016 2016/165 Public Statement- Supervisory work on potential closet index tracking Statement PDF
258.17 KB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is issuing this statement to inform stakeholders and especially investors about the potential for some European collective investment funds to be ‘closet index trackers’, and to give details on the work that ESMA has been doing in this context.

Introduction

  1. ESMA’s attention was drawn to an alleged practice in the European collective investment management industry whereby asset managers claim, according to their fund rules and investor information documentation, to manage their funds in an active manner while the funds are, in fact, staying very close to a benchmark and therefore implementing an investment strategy which requires less input from the investment manager. At the same time, it is alleged that these funds charge management fees in line with those of funds that are considered to be actively managed[1]. This practice is commonly referred to as ‘closet indexing’ or ‘index hugging’.
  2. In many EU Member States, NCAs have launched or are in the process of launching specific investigations, in addition to their regular monitoring and supervisory functions, to determine the potential extent of closet indexing in their jurisdictions, with a focus on equity funds at this stage. At the same time, the issue has been the subject of considerable attention by investor protection groups and the media throughout the European Union.

Reasons for issuing this statement

  1. The issues around ‘closet indexing’ form part of a broader issue on the effectiveness of investor disclosure and the legitimate expectations of investors in respect of the service provided by some asset managers. Nonetheless, the potential practice of closet indexing in Europe raises questions that merit closer analysis. The analysis carried out by ESMA (see paragraphs 9 to 16 for more details) indicates that there might be a small, but not insignificant number of funds in the EU equity fund sector that may be closet index trackers. If the existence of this practice were to be confirmed by further supervisory scrutiny carried out at national level, this could mean that:
  1. investors could be making investment decisions based on an expectation that they will be provided with a more active fund management service than they receive in practice and, therefore, may be paying higher management fees than that usually envisaged for a passive/not significantly active management service;
  2. investors may be exposed to a different risk/return profile than they expect; and
  3. some asset managers may not provide clear descriptions of how funds are managed in key disclosure documents such as the fund’s Prospectus and Key Investor Information Document (KIID).
  1. ESMA considers it important that fund managers take their commitments in disclosure documents seriously. Managers should expect supervisory consequences where evidence for incorrect disclosures is proven.
 

[1] ESMA recognises that management fees may depend on a number of factors.

09/11/2018 ESMA80-187-149 Public statement- Contingency plans of Credit Rating Agencies and Trade Repositories in the context of the United Kingdom withdrawing from the European Union , , Statement PDF
137.78 KB
09/07/2020 ESMA34-39-109 Public statement on external support within the meaning of Article 35 of the MMF Regulation , Statement PDF
118.34 KB
16/05/2022 ESMA34-45-1633 Public statement on actions to manage the impact of the Russian invasion of Ukraine on investment fund portfolios Statement PDF
125.27 KB
28/06/2022 ESMA91-398-5595 Public Statement FICC and OCC June 2022 , Statement PDF
75.42 KB
03/03/2021 ESMA91-372-1395 Opening Statement_Loeber_Third Annual Joint Deutsche Bundesbank, European Central Bank and Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago conference on CCP Risk Management Speech PDF
154.61 KB
13/10/2015 2015/1535 Opening Statement- Steven Maijoor to ECON Scrutiny Hearing on AIFMD Passport Speech PDF
110.04 KB

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