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22/05/2015 2015/884 Press Release- ESMA calls for modification of UCITS Directive , Press Release PDF
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09/06/2015 2015/921 Keynote speech at IDX 2015 Speech PDF
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Rule-making and Implementation – EMIR and MiFID IIESMA is dealing with the two main European legislative projects affecting derivatives regulation – EMIR and MiFID II – for a number of years now. While EMIR has already entered the review stage, MiFID II still has 1.5 years to go before it applies in practice and during which ESMA will have to finalise its legislative implementing measures and work towards practical implementation along with the European national supervisors.  These two projects show the different phases of ESMA regulatory work and I will talk about aspects of both of them today.     For EMIR, ESMA is very much in the implementation stage.  The initial work on technical standards has been completed and we are now working to ensure stringent implementation of the legislation.  For example, we are working on the review of reporting to Trade Repositories building on the experience of the start of TR reporting in February 2014.  We expect to submit draft technical standards to the European Commission after this summer. The revised ESMA standards should become applicable in the second half of 2016.  I will elaborate on this a bit later. In addition, under EMIR, ESMA continues working on the clearing obligation for derivatives and again I will say a bit more about the current work on this implementation topic a little later on. At the same time, EMIR is already undergoing a review.  Like for most legislative measures, a review clause was included in EMIR and the Commission has launched a public consultation recently.  ESMA will be actively contributing to the review, building on its experience in implementing EMIR. For MiFID II, the decisive date for application remains 3 January 2017.  ESMA is therefore very much still in the rule-making stage with regards to this project.  The initial date for ESMA to deliver its main set of technical standards to the European Commission is 3 July 2015. While ESMA is in full flow trying to finalise its package of standards, the timetable has recently been slightly amended due to ESMA and the European Commission agreeing on an early legal review. Under the European set of rules, any technical standard proposed by ESMA has to be adopted by the European Commission and one prerequisite for such adoption is the standard passing the review by the Commission Legal Services. Given that MiFID II is of a size unprecedented in terms of number and volume of technical standards, ESMA and the European Commission considered it important for the standards to be legally reviewed before final and formal submission of draft standards from ESMA to the European Commission. That way, the risk of having potentially a number of standards rejected for legal drafting reasons which would render the subsequent implementation timetable for MiFID II unworkable should be diminished.The early legal review will take place over the course of the summer and ESMA expects to submit its draft technical standards for formal adoption by the European Commission at the end of September 2015. At that point in time there will be clarity for stakeholders as to the exact content of ESMA’s proposals relevant for the regulation of derivatives trading.
13/08/2015 2015/1254 EMIR Review Report no.4- ESMA input as part of the Commission consultation on the EMIR Review Final Report PDF
399.85 KB
13/08/2015 2015/1253 EMIR Review Report no.3- Review on the segregation and portability requirements Final Report PDF
267.55 KB
13/08/2015 2015/1252 EMIR Review Report no.2- Review on the efficiency of margining requirements to limit procyclicality Final Report PDF
3.93 MB
13/08/2015 2015/1251 EMIR Review Report no.1- Review on the use of OTC derivatives by non-financial counterparties Final Report PDF
3.03 MB
13/08/2015 2015/1260 ESMA recommends changes to EMIR framework , Press Release PDF
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The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published four reports focused on how the European Markets Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) framework has been functioning and providing input and recommendations to the European Commission’s (EC) EMIR Review. Three of the reports are required under Article 85 of EMIR, and cover non-financial counterparties (NFCs), pro-cyclicality and the segregation and portability for CCPs. The fourth report responds to the EC’s Review including recommendations on amending EMIR in relation to the clearing obligation, the recognition of third country CCPs and the supervision and enforcement procedures for trade repositories. Steven Maijoor, ESMA Chair, said: “EMIR is a key component of the EU’s regulatory reform package in response to the financial crisis affecting many elements of OTC derivatives markets. While its implementation is still underway we recommend a number of changes, based on our experiences, to improve and streamline the regulatory and supervisory framework and to ensure that the objectives of stability and investor protection are met.” ESMA’s Response to European Commission EMIR Review This report provides input to the EC’s consultation on the EMIR review with recommendations to amend the EMIR framework in a number of areas including: • Clearing obligation - in order to strengthen the EMIR framework and to better respond to changing market conditions, ESMA proposes amending EMIR in order to streamline the process for determining clearing obligations and to introduce tools allowing the suspension of the clearing obligation when certain market conditions arise. It also proposes removing the frontloading requirement; • Recognition of third country CCPs - regarding the recognition of third-country CCPs, ESMA is proposing to rethink the entire equivalence and recognition process to increase its efficiency and effectiveness and to better respond to regulatory differences between third countries. ESMA proposes that the jurisdiction decision be governed by Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS) and that any recognition process should also include additional risk-based considerations allowing it to deny or suspend the recognition of a third country CCP; and • Trade Repositories (TRs) – in order to improve the supervision of TRs, the report makes proposals for changes to ESMA’s supervisory and enforcement powers and procedures including increases in fine levels, broadening the enforcement decisions available to ESMA, appropriate timeframes to consider applications in the registration process and clarifying TRs’ obligations in relation to data quality and reconciliation and supervisory reporting. ESMA’s Reports under Article 85 of EMIR • Non-Financial counterparties (Report No.1) ESMA recommends removing the hedging criteria from EMIR and to use other measures to determine the systemic relevance of NFCs, as this would allow regulators to identify the few NFCs with the highest systemic importance while greatly simplifying the process and reduce the compliance costs for the majority of small and medium NFCs, which pose limited risks to the system overall. • Limiting Pro-cyclicality (Report No.2) ESMA recommends further specifying the rules for implementing the counter-cyclical tools adopted by CCPs for margins and collateral, including regular testing and transparency on the results to further improve their effectiveness. • Segregation and Portability (Report No.3) ESMA has identified some differences in CCP practices in the implementation of the relevant provisions. In order to promote convergent practices and achieve a level playing field, it recommends introducing clarifications and more detailed requirements by RTS along with incentives related to margin period of risk depending on the safety of the chosen account structure. ESMA also proposes monitoring the take-up of the different types of account models to confirm adequacy and efficiency.

05/10/2015 2015/1498 Letter to European Commission re RTS on indirect clearing under EMIR and under MiFIR , Letter PDF
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05/10/2015 2015/1498 Letter to European Commission re RTS on indirect clearing under EMIR and under MiFIR Letter PDF
92.96 KB
04/11/2015 EMIR VT EMIR validation table Reference XLSX
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05/11/2015 2015/1628 Consultation Paper on indirect clearing under EMIR and MiFIR Consultation Paper PDF
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06/11/2015 NFC no CT Notification of NFC no longer exceeding the clearing threshold Reference XLSX
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This notification may be submitted to ESMA (EMIR-notifications@esma.europa.eu) preferably in Excel format, using the form hereby by a non-financial counterparty that no longer exceeds the clearing threshold for any of the following: 

a)     OTC credit derivative contracts;   
b)     OTC equity derivative contracts;   
c)     OTC foreign exchange derivative contracts;   
d)     OTC interest rate derivative contracts; and  
e)     OTC commodity derivative contracts and other OTC derivative contracts not defined under points (a) to (d). 
13/11/2015 2015/1645 Final report EMIR Article 9 RTS ITS Final Report PDF
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13/11/2015 2015/1674 Cover letter to COM- EMIR Technical Standards Letter PDF
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19/11/2015 2015/1750 EMIR statement re bank guarantees energy market Statement PDF
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05/02/2016 2016/234 ESMA’s supervision of credit rating agencies and trade repositories- 2015 annual report and 2016 work plan. , Report PDF
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The European Securities and Markets Authority’s (ESMA) annual report and work programme has been prepared according to Article 21 of Regulation 1060/2009 on credit rating agencies as amended (the CRA Regulation) and Article 85 of Regulation 648/2012 on OTC derivatives, central counterparties and trade repositories (EMIR). It highlights the direct supervisory activities carried out by ESMA during 2015 regarding credit rating agencies (CRAs) and trade repositories (TRs) and outlines ESMA’s main priorities in these areas for 2016.

ESMA adopts a risk-based approach to the supervision of CRAs and TRs in accordance with its overall objectives of promoting financial stability and orderly markets and enhancing investor protection. This risk-based approach requires the analysis of information from a variety of sources and the application of multiple supervisory tools including day-to-day supervision, cycle of engagement meetings with supervised entities, on-site inspections and dedicated investigations.

In order to build on the expertise that ESMA has developed through its supervision of CRAs and TRs, ESMA created a single Supervision Department in November 2015. ESMA intends to draw on the best practices identified from the supervision of both types of entity to further enhance its supervisory effectiveness in future.

31/03/2016 2016/408 Decision to adopt a supervisory measure taking the form of a public notice and to impose a fine in accordance with Statement of Findings in accordance with Articles 64(5), 65, 67 and 73 of Regulation (EC) No 648/2012 EMIR Decision PDF
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Decision to adopt a supervisory measure taking the form of a public notice and to impose a fine in accordance with Statement of Findings in accordance with Articles 64(5), 65, 67 and 73 of Regulation (EC) No 648/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on OTC derivatives, central counterparties and trade repositories

Public notice regarding negligent breach by DTCC Derivatives Repository Ltd of its legal obligation to ensure immediate access for regulators to data reported under EMIR

DTCC Derivatives Repository Ltd (‘DDRL’) is a trade repository registered in the European Union and is part of the DTCC group which includes a number of companies providing post-trading services to the global financial services industry. DDRL was registered by ESMA as a trade repository under Regulation (EU) No 648/2012 on OTC derivatives, central counterparties and trade repositories (‘EMIR’) on 7 November 2013. ESMA has responsibilities for the supervision and enforcement of provisions under EMIR concerning DDRL and other trade repositories registered in the EU.

In May 2014, ESMA’s supervisory team became aware of delays in providing regulators with access to data reported to DDRL under EMIR. Following further examination, the supervisory team formed the view that there were serious indications of the possible existence of facts liable to constitute one or more of the infringements listed in EMIR. The matter was accordingly referred to an independent investigation officer (the ‘IIO’). The IIO considered the evidence referred to him and conducted further investigations, before submitting his findings to ESMA’s Board of Supervisors (the ‘ESMA Board’).

Based on the findings of the IIO and the evidence put before it, the ESMA Board found on 23 March 2016 that an examination of the facts showed that DDRL had committed the following infringement under EMIR and had done so negligently. DDRL committed an  infringement of EMIR by not allowing regulators and supervisors direct and immediate access to the details of derivatives contracts they need to fulfil their responsibilities and mandates.

31/03/2016 2016/468 ESMA fines DTCC Derivatives Repository Limited €64,000 for data access failures , Press Release PDF
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ESMA fines DTCC Derivatives Repository Limited €64,000 for data access failures

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has fined the trade repository DTCC Derivatives Repository Limited (DDRL) €64,000, and issued a public notice, for negligently failing to put in place systems capable of providing regulators with direct and immediate access to derivatives trading data. This is a key requirement under the European Markets and Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) in order to improve transparency and facilitate the monitoring of systemic risks in derivatives markets.

This is the first time ESMA has taken enforcement action against a trade repository registered in the European Union (EU). DDRL is the largest EU registered trade repository.

ESMA found that DDRL failed to provide direct and immediate access to derivatives data from 21 March 2014 to 15 December 2014, a period of about nine months in which access delays increased from two days to 62 days after reporting and affected 2.6 billion reports. This was due to its negligence in:

  • failing to put in place data processing systems that were capable of providing regulators with direct and immediate access to reported data;
  • failing, once they became aware, to inform ESMA in a timely manner of the delays that were occurring; and
  • taking three months to establish an effective remedial action plan even while delays were worsening.

DDRL’s failures caused delays to regulators accessing data, revealed systemic weaknesses in its organisation particularly its procedures, management systems or internal controls and negatively impacted the quality of the data it maintained.

05/04/2016 2016/429 Review of Article 26 of RTS No 153/2013 with respect to MPOR for client accounts Final Report PDF
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Reasons for publication
This final report proposes amending Article 26 of the Commission Delegated Regulation No 153/2013 with regard to regulatory technical standards (RTS) on requirements for central counterparties (CCP) on the time horizons for the liquidation period which European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has drafted under the Regulation (EU) No 648/2012 of the European Parliament and Council on Over-The-Counter (OTC) derivatives, central counterparties and trade repositories (EMIR).

In relation to the draft amended technical standards, ESMA consulted stakeholders on two occasions: the first consultation on a Discussion Paper (DP) was conducted from 27 August to 30 September 2015; the second, on the consultation paper (CP) including the proposed draft RTS was carried out from 14 December 2015 to 1st February 2016.

ESMA received a strong support from the respondents to the CP on the proposed amendment introducing the possibility for EU CCPs to margin on a one day gross basis for clients’ accounts. The responses to the consultation confirm that a one day gross account structure provides a sufficient level of protection to the CCPs and to the clients.

On the proposed conditions linked to this type of account, the majority of the respondents are of the view that they are needed to ensure the safety of the CCPs. Some clarifications or slight amendments have been introduced following the comments received, in particular on intraday margins calls and on entities belonging to the same group as clearing members.

Contents
This paper provides explanations on the draft regulatory technical standards amending the Commission Delegated Regulation No 153/2013 with regard to RTS on requirements for CCP. This report explains the rationale and the scope of the review of Article 26 of RTS No 153/2013 carried out by ESMA. It summarizes the answers received following the publication of the consultation paper and it provides the explanations on whether and how the concerns expressed by stakeholders have been reflected in the final draft RTS.
Annexed to this final report are the legislative mandates related to the draft RTS (Annex I), the ESMA cost-benefit-analysis (Annex II) and the draft RTS (Annex III).

Next Steps
Following the submission of the amended draft RTS to the European Commission, it has three months to decide whether to endorse ESMA’s draft RTS.

05/04/2016 2016/422 Final Report RTS on access aggregation and comparison of TR data under Art.81 of EMIR Final Report PDF
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