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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
22/07/2016 ETCM Third-country markets considered as equivalent to a regulated market under EMIR Reference PDF
88.12 KB
26/05/2016 2016/725 Draft RTS on indirect clearing arrangements under EMIR and MiFIR , , Final Report PDF
740.71 KB
05/04/2016 2016/422 Final Report RTS on access aggregation and comparison of TR data under Art.81 of EMIR Final Report PDF
365.72 KB
05/04/2016 2016/429 Review of Article 26 of RTS No 153/2013 with respect to MPOR for client accounts Final Report PDF
217.11 KB

Reasons for publication
This final report proposes amending Article 26 of the Commission Delegated Regulation No 153/2013 with regard to regulatory technical standards (RTS) on requirements for central counterparties (CCP) on the time horizons for the liquidation period which European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has drafted under the Regulation (EU) No 648/2012 of the European Parliament and Council on Over-The-Counter (OTC) derivatives, central counterparties and trade repositories (EMIR).

In relation to the draft amended technical standards, ESMA consulted stakeholders on two occasions: the first consultation on a Discussion Paper (DP) was conducted from 27 August to 30 September 2015; the second, on the consultation paper (CP) including the proposed draft RTS was carried out from 14 December 2015 to 1st February 2016.

ESMA received a strong support from the respondents to the CP on the proposed amendment introducing the possibility for EU CCPs to margin on a one day gross basis for clients’ accounts. The responses to the consultation confirm that a one day gross account structure provides a sufficient level of protection to the CCPs and to the clients.

On the proposed conditions linked to this type of account, the majority of the respondents are of the view that they are needed to ensure the safety of the CCPs. Some clarifications or slight amendments have been introduced following the comments received, in particular on intraday margins calls and on entities belonging to the same group as clearing members.

Contents
This paper provides explanations on the draft regulatory technical standards amending the Commission Delegated Regulation No 153/2013 with regard to RTS on requirements for CCP. This report explains the rationale and the scope of the review of Article 26 of RTS No 153/2013 carried out by ESMA. It summarizes the answers received following the publication of the consultation paper and it provides the explanations on whether and how the concerns expressed by stakeholders have been reflected in the final draft RTS.
Annexed to this final report are the legislative mandates related to the draft RTS (Annex I), the ESMA cost-benefit-analysis (Annex II) and the draft RTS (Annex III).

Next Steps
Following the submission of the amended draft RTS to the European Commission, it has three months to decide whether to endorse ESMA’s draft RTS.

19/11/2015 2015/1750 EMIR statement re bank guarantees energy market Statement PDF
111.67 KB
13/11/2015 2015/1645 Final report EMIR Article 9 RTS ITS Final Report PDF
280.02 KB
13/11/2015 2015/1674 Cover letter to COM- EMIR Technical Standards Letter PDF
28.51 KB
06/11/2015 NFC no CT Notification of NFC no longer exceeding the clearing threshold Reference XLSX
50.16 KB

This notification may be submitted to ESMA (EMIR-notifications@esma.europa.eu) preferably in Excel format, using the form hereby by a non-financial counterparty that no longer exceeds the clearing threshold for any of the following: 

a)     OTC credit derivative contracts;   
b)     OTC equity derivative contracts;   
c)     OTC foreign exchange derivative contracts;   
d)     OTC interest rate derivative contracts; and  
e)     OTC commodity derivative contracts and other OTC derivative contracts not defined under points (a) to (d). 
05/11/2015 2015/1628 Consultation Paper on indirect clearing under EMIR and MiFIR Consultation Paper PDF
488.22 KB
04/11/2015 EMIR VT EMIR validation table Reference XLSX
26.48 KB
05/10/2015 2015/1498 Letter to European Commission re RTS on indirect clearing under EMIR and under MiFIR , Letter PDF
92.96 KB
13/08/2015 2015/1260 ESMA recommends changes to EMIR framework , Press Release PDF
236.41 KB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published four reports focused on how the European Markets Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) framework has been functioning and providing input and recommendations to the European Commission’s (EC) EMIR Review. Three of the reports are required under Article 85 of EMIR, and cover non-financial counterparties (NFCs), pro-cyclicality and the segregation and portability for CCPs. The fourth report responds to the EC’s Review including recommendations on amending EMIR in relation to the clearing obligation, the recognition of third country CCPs and the supervision and enforcement procedures for trade repositories. Steven Maijoor, ESMA Chair, said: “EMIR is a key component of the EU’s regulatory reform package in response to the financial crisis affecting many elements of OTC derivatives markets. While its implementation is still underway we recommend a number of changes, based on our experiences, to improve and streamline the regulatory and supervisory framework and to ensure that the objectives of stability and investor protection are met.” ESMA’s Response to European Commission EMIR Review This report provides input to the EC’s consultation on the EMIR review with recommendations to amend the EMIR framework in a number of areas including: • Clearing obligation - in order to strengthen the EMIR framework and to better respond to changing market conditions, ESMA proposes amending EMIR in order to streamline the process for determining clearing obligations and to introduce tools allowing the suspension of the clearing obligation when certain market conditions arise. It also proposes removing the frontloading requirement; • Recognition of third country CCPs - regarding the recognition of third-country CCPs, ESMA is proposing to rethink the entire equivalence and recognition process to increase its efficiency and effectiveness and to better respond to regulatory differences between third countries. ESMA proposes that the jurisdiction decision be governed by Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS) and that any recognition process should also include additional risk-based considerations allowing it to deny or suspend the recognition of a third country CCP; and • Trade Repositories (TRs) – in order to improve the supervision of TRs, the report makes proposals for changes to ESMA’s supervisory and enforcement powers and procedures including increases in fine levels, broadening the enforcement decisions available to ESMA, appropriate timeframes to consider applications in the registration process and clarifying TRs’ obligations in relation to data quality and reconciliation and supervisory reporting. ESMA’s Reports under Article 85 of EMIR • Non-Financial counterparties (Report No.1) ESMA recommends removing the hedging criteria from EMIR and to use other measures to determine the systemic relevance of NFCs, as this would allow regulators to identify the few NFCs with the highest systemic importance while greatly simplifying the process and reduce the compliance costs for the majority of small and medium NFCs, which pose limited risks to the system overall. • Limiting Pro-cyclicality (Report No.2) ESMA recommends further specifying the rules for implementing the counter-cyclical tools adopted by CCPs for margins and collateral, including regular testing and transparency on the results to further improve their effectiveness. • Segregation and Portability (Report No.3) ESMA has identified some differences in CCP practices in the implementation of the relevant provisions. In order to promote convergent practices and achieve a level playing field, it recommends introducing clarifications and more detailed requirements by RTS along with incentives related to margin period of risk depending on the safety of the chosen account structure. ESMA also proposes monitoring the take-up of the different types of account models to confirm adequacy and efficiency.

13/08/2015 2015/1251 EMIR Review Report no.1- Review on the use of OTC derivatives by non-financial counterparties Final Report PDF
3.03 MB
13/08/2015 2015/1252 EMIR Review Report no.2- Review on the efficiency of margining requirements to limit procyclicality Final Report PDF
3.93 MB
13/08/2015 2015/1253 EMIR Review Report no.3- Review on the segregation and portability requirements Final Report PDF
267.55 KB
13/08/2015 2015/1254 EMIR Review Report no.4- ESMA input as part of the Commission consultation on the EMIR Review Final Report PDF
399.85 KB
21/05/2015 2015/838 ESMA's opinion on the composition of CCP colleges under EMIR Opinion PDF
131.98 KB
11/05/2015 2015/807. Consultation Paper No 4 on the Clearing Obligation under EMIR Consultation Paper PDF
1.41 MB
13/02/2015 EC-15-639 European Commission letter regarding EMIR clearing obligation on Interest Rate Swaps Letter PDF
183.74 KB
29/01/2015 2015/223 Opinion on draft RTS on the Clearing Obligation Opinion PDF
601.97 KB

Legal Basis According to Article 5(2) of Regulation (EU) No 648/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on OTC derivatives, central counterparties and trade repositories (EMIR), the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) shall develop draft regulatory technical standards specifying the class of OTC derivatives that should be subject to the clearing obligation, the date or dates from which the clearing obligation takes effect, including any phase in and the categories of counterparties to which the obligation applies, and the minimum remaining maturity of the OTC derivative contracts referred to in Article 4(1)(b)(ii) of EMIR. Background and Procedure On 1 October 2014, ESMA submitted a draft regulatory technical standard (RTS) on the clearing obligation to the European Commission pursuant to Article 10(1) of Regulation No (EU) 1095/2010 (the ESMA Regulation) and Article 5(2) of EMIR. This draft RTS covered Interest Rate Swaps. On 18 December 2014, the Commission informed ESMA of its intention to endorse with amendments this draft RTS and submitted to ESMA a modified version of the RTS (the “modified RTS”) introducing, among others, (1) amendments to the date on which the frontloading obligation starts to apply and (2) a new provision on the treatment of non-EU intragroup transactions. Pursuant to Article 10(1) of the ESMA Regulation, this notification from the Commission opens a period of six weeks during which ESMA may amend its draft RTS on the clearing obligation on the basis of the Commission’s proposed amendments and resubmit it to the Commission in the form of a formal opinion. ESMA has to send a copy of its formal opinion to the European Parliament and to the Council. In accordance with Article 44(1) of the ESMA Regulation the Board of Supervisors has to adopt a formal opinion. Executive Summary ESMA agrees with the ultimate objectives of the modifications that the European Commission intends to introduce. However, ESMA considers that the tool proposed by the Commission for the matter related to the non-EU intra group transactions is not appropriate from a legal perspective and, in the case that the Commission intention is to define a later application date for those transactions, ESMA stands ready to explore, in coordination with the Commission, a different manner to incorporate that provision. ESMA backs the modifications on the frontloading section, though has a few observations and improvements with respect to several recitals. ESMA proposes to incorporate the suggestion of the Commission to deal with the application of the 8 billion threshold to investment funds for the definitions of types of counterparties as a specific provision in the text of the RTS.