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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
21/02/2012 2012/113 Questions and Answers- A Common Definition of European Money Market Funds- updated February 2012 Q&A PDF
83.79 KB
The purpose of this document is to promote common supervisory approaches and practices in the application of the guidelines on a Common Definition of European Money Market Funds developed by CESR by providing responses to questions posed by the general public and competent authorities. The content of this document is aimed at competent authorities to ensure that in their supervisory activities their actions are converging along the lines of the responses adopted by ESMA. However, the answers are also intended to help management companies by providing clarity as to the content of CESR’s guidelines on a Common Definition of European Money Market Funds, rather than creating an extra layer of requirements.
22/06/2012 2012/382 MiFID Q&A in the area of investor protection and intermediaries Q&A PDF
319.78 KB
24/04/2014 2013/922 Compliance table- suitability guidelines , Compliance table PDF
74.33 KB
24/04/2014 2013/923 Compliance table- compliance guidelines , Compliance table PDF
74.45 KB
20/06/2014 2014/264 Guidelines compliance table- Guidelines on model MoU concerning consultation, cooperation and the exchange of information related to the supervision of AIFMD entities (ESMA/2013/998) , Compliance table PDF
98.16 KB
31/07/2014 2014/944 Potential Risks Associated with Investing in Contingent Convertible Instruments , Statement PDF
106.1 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is issuing this statement to clarify to institutional investors risks from a newly emerging asset class referred to by most market participants as contingent convertibles instruments (CoCos). If they work as intended in a crisis CoCos will play an important role to inhibit risk transfer from debt holders to taxpayers. They along with standards to improve the quality and quantity of bank capital reflect a considerate response to the former regulatory capital framework. However, it is unclear as to whether investors fully consider the risks of CoCos and correctly factor those risks into their valuation. ESMA believes there are specific risks to CoCos and that investors should take those risks into consideration prior to investing in these instruments.
07/10/2014 2014-1213 Guidelines compliance table for Guidelines on remuneration policies and practices (MiFID) Compliance table PDF
127.73 KB
18/02/2015 JC/GL/2014/43 Appendix 1 Compliance table for JC guidelines for complaints-handling for the securities (ESMA) and banking (EBA) sectors , Compliance table PDF
280.37 KB
The table contains details of the competent authorities* who comply or intend to comply with the ESAs’ Joint Guidelines on complaints-handling for the securities (ESMA) and banking (EBA) sectors.
01/07/2015 2015/1005 Questions and Answers: Investment-based crowdfunding: money laundering/terrorist financing Q&A PDF
157.73 KB
19/11/2015 2015/1750 EMIR statement re bank guarantees energy market Statement PDF
111.67 KB
22/12/2015 JC/2015/087 Compliance Table GL financial conglomerates , Compliance table PDF
242.92 KB
02/02/2016 2016/165 Public Statement- Supervisory work on potential closet index tracking Statement PDF
258.17 KB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is issuing this statement to inform stakeholders and especially investors about the potential for some European collective investment funds to be ‘closet index trackers’, and to give details on the work that ESMA has been doing in this context.

Introduction

  1. ESMA’s attention was drawn to an alleged practice in the European collective investment management industry whereby asset managers claim, according to their fund rules and investor information documentation, to manage their funds in an active manner while the funds are, in fact, staying very close to a benchmark and therefore implementing an investment strategy which requires less input from the investment manager. At the same time, it is alleged that these funds charge management fees in line with those of funds that are considered to be actively managed[1]. This practice is commonly referred to as ‘closet indexing’ or ‘index hugging’.
  2. In many EU Member States, NCAs have launched or are in the process of launching specific investigations, in addition to their regular monitoring and supervisory functions, to determine the potential extent of closet indexing in their jurisdictions, with a focus on equity funds at this stage. At the same time, the issue has been the subject of considerable attention by investor protection groups and the media throughout the European Union.

Reasons for issuing this statement

  1. The issues around ‘closet indexing’ form part of a broader issue on the effectiveness of investor disclosure and the legitimate expectations of investors in respect of the service provided by some asset managers. Nonetheless, the potential practice of closet indexing in Europe raises questions that merit closer analysis. The analysis carried out by ESMA (see paragraphs 9 to 16 for more details) indicates that there might be a small, but not insignificant number of funds in the EU equity fund sector that may be closet index trackers. If the existence of this practice were to be confirmed by further supervisory scrutiny carried out at national level, this could mean that:
  1. investors could be making investment decisions based on an expectation that they will be provided with a more active fund management service than they receive in practice and, therefore, may be paying higher management fees than that usually envisaged for a passive/not significantly active management service;
  2. investors may be exposed to a different risk/return profile than they expect; and
  3. some asset managers may not provide clear descriptions of how funds are managed in key disclosure documents such as the fund’s Prospectus and Key Investor Information Document (KIID).
  1. ESMA considers it important that fund managers take their commitments in disclosure documents seriously. Managers should expect supervisory consequences where evidence for incorrect disclosures is proven.
 

[1] ESMA recognises that management fees may depend on a number of factors.

10/02/2016 2016-278 EU-US approach CCP equivalence , Statement PDF
97.22 KB
16/02/2016 2016/273 Comply or explain table for G&R on CCP college , Compliance table PDF
129.84 KB
16/02/2016 2016/274 Comply or explain table for G&R on IO arrangements , Compliance table PDF
121.43 KB
16/02/2016 2016/275 Comply or explain table for G&R on PFMIs , Compliance table PDF
121.97 KB
07/04/2016 2016/572 Compliance table- Guidelines on key concepts of the AIFMD , Compliance table PDF
214.15 KB
12/04/2016 2016/602 Compliance table- Guidelines on ETFs and other UCITS issues , Compliance table PDF
193.01 KB
29/04/2016 2016/665 Q&A on ESMA’s EU-wide stress tests for CCPs Q&A PDF
269.98 KB
04/05/2016 2016/675 Compliance table- Guidelines on sound remuneration policies under the AIFMD (ESMA/2013/232) , Compliance table PDF
308.44 KB

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