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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
25/09/2000 00-064c The regulation of Alternative Trading Systems in Europe. A paper for the EU Commission Final Report PDF
84.28 KB
Alternative Trading Systems (ATS) offer electronic securities trading facilities outside the traditional trading channels. An expert group chaired by Howard Davies, Chairman of the UK FSA, has studied the impact of such systems in depth. The group has prepared a comprehensive report identifying and assessing the benefits and risks associated with the emergence of ATS and analysing the current regulatory treatment of such systems, within Europe and elsewhere. The report proposes both a short term and a long term option for a harmonised regulatory treatment of such systems in Europe.The paper was submitted to the European Commission as FESCO"s contribution to the preparation of the forthcoming Green Paper on possible amendments to the Investment Services Directive. The Green Paper will shortly be published as a basis for consultation with Member States, the financial services industry and other interested parties. However, the FESCO paper noted that, while the Green Paper on the ISD might be the catalyst for a far-reaching review of the regulatory approach to ATS, it would not provide a short-term solution. Accordingly, FESCO proposed that the short-term solution should take the form of a set of additional regulatory requirements for ATS operating as investment firms.FESCO will be working on proposals for what those additional regulatory requirements might be over the next six months, with a view to producing a consultation paper in the first half of 2001. This consultation paper will provide an opportunity for interested parties to comment in detail on the FESCO proposals. If, however, in the meantime interested parties have any specific comments on the possible additional regulatory requirements identified in paragraph 71 of the September paper, they should make these known to the Secretariat of FESCO via the following e-mail address: fdankers@europefesco.org
14/04/2011 2011/112 Final report- Guidelines to competent authorities and UCITS management companies on risk meas-urement and the calculation of global exposure for certain types of structured UCITS Final Report PDF
166.5 KB
06/07/2011 2011/203 The European Fund Industry Paradigm , Speech PDF
35.65 KB

The European Fund Industry Paradigm: Combining Long Term Investment Horizons and Risk Profiles Opening speech by Steven Maijoor, Chair of ESMA, at the Paris EUROPLACE Financial Forum - 6 July 2011

25/07/2012 2012/474 Report and consultation paper on guidelines on ETFs and other UCITS issues Final Report PDF
728.1 KB
This paper sets out ESMA’s guidelines on ETFs and other UCITS issues. The guidelines are adapted to the type of UCITS, management technique or financial instrument in question and are detailed in Annex III of the documentThis document also sets out in Annex IV a public consultation on the treatment of repo and reverse repo arrangements on which ESMA is seeking feedback from stakeholders. The feedback to this further consultation will be used by ESMA to finalise its position on this specific issue, which will be incorporated into the rest of the guidelines already adopted by the Authority (cf. Annex III of this document).
04/12/2012 2012/722 Guidelines on repurchase and reverse repurchase agreements Final Report PDF
339.57 KB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has today published its final guidelines on repurchase and reverse repurchase agreements for UCITS funds.  The guidelines state that UCITS should only enter into such agreements if they are able to recall at any time any assets or the full amount of cash.

24/05/2013 2013/600 Guidelines on key concepts of the AIFMD Final Report PDF
473.66 KB

  Executive Summary Reasons for publication On 23 February 2012, ESMA published a discussion paper (DP) on key concepts of the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive and types of AIFM (2012/117), which was followed on 19 December 2012 by the publication of a consultation paper (CP) on guidelines on key concepts of the AIFMD (2012/845). The CP set out formal proposals for guidelines ensuring common, uniform and consistent application of the concepts in the definition of ‘AIF’ in Article 4(1)(a) of the AIFMD by providing clarification on each of these concepts. This final report sets out the final text of the guidelines on key concepts of the AIFMD.

15/11/2013 2013/1339 Guidelines on reporting obligations under Articles 3(3)(d) and 24(1), (2) and (4) of the AIFMD (revised) Final Report PDF
701.63 KB
26/02/2015 2015/496 MiFID II – Switching on the light without turning-off the tap- Verena Ross, Executive Director, ESMA , Speech PDF
222.55 KB
Verena Ross, Executive Director of ESMA, delivered the keynote speech at the ABA/Law Society Capital Markets Conference 2015 in London on MiFID II which focused on transparency and liquidity issues.
24/03/2015 2015/620 MIFID/MIFIR- CSD hearing before ECON , Speech PDF
117.88 KB
01/06/2015 2015/904 The Capital Markets Union, Asset Management and Stability , Speech PDF
78.68 KB
Steven Maijoor delivered a speech at the 26th Annual Conference of the International Bar Association on the Globalisation of Investment Funds.
14/09/2015 JC 2015 056 Statement by Steven Maijoor Chair ESAs Joint Committee- ECON Scrutiny session on PRIIPs 14 September 2015 , Speech PDF
105.88 KB
28/09/2015 2015-ESMA-1464 Annex II Annex II- CBA- draft RTS and ITS on MiFID II and MiFIR Final Report PDF
5.07 MB
13/10/2015 2015/1535 Opening Statement- Steven Maijoor to ECON Scrutiny Hearing on AIFMD Passport Speech PDF
110.04 KB
11/12/2015 2015/1858 Final Report- Draft ITS under MiFID II Final Report PDF
972.8 KB
02/02/2016 2016/165 Public Statement- Supervisory work on potential closet index tracking Statement PDF
258.17 KB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is issuing this statement to inform stakeholders and especially investors about the potential for some European collective investment funds to be ‘closet index trackers’, and to give details on the work that ESMA has been doing in this context.

Introduction

  1. ESMA’s attention was drawn to an alleged practice in the European collective investment management industry whereby asset managers claim, according to their fund rules and investor information documentation, to manage their funds in an active manner while the funds are, in fact, staying very close to a benchmark and therefore implementing an investment strategy which requires less input from the investment manager. At the same time, it is alleged that these funds charge management fees in line with those of funds that are considered to be actively managed[1]. This practice is commonly referred to as ‘closet indexing’ or ‘index hugging’.
  2. In many EU Member States, NCAs have launched or are in the process of launching specific investigations, in addition to their regular monitoring and supervisory functions, to determine the potential extent of closet indexing in their jurisdictions, with a focus on equity funds at this stage. At the same time, the issue has been the subject of considerable attention by investor protection groups and the media throughout the European Union.

Reasons for issuing this statement

  1. The issues around ‘closet indexing’ form part of a broader issue on the effectiveness of investor disclosure and the legitimate expectations of investors in respect of the service provided by some asset managers. Nonetheless, the potential practice of closet indexing in Europe raises questions that merit closer analysis. The analysis carried out by ESMA (see paragraphs 9 to 16 for more details) indicates that there might be a small, but not insignificant number of funds in the EU equity fund sector that may be closet index trackers. If the existence of this practice were to be confirmed by further supervisory scrutiny carried out at national level, this could mean that:
  1. investors could be making investment decisions based on an expectation that they will be provided with a more active fund management service than they receive in practice and, therefore, may be paying higher management fees than that usually envisaged for a passive/not significantly active management service;
  2. investors may be exposed to a different risk/return profile than they expect; and
  3. some asset managers may not provide clear descriptions of how funds are managed in key disclosure documents such as the fund’s Prospectus and Key Investor Information Document (KIID).
  1. ESMA considers it important that fund managers take their commitments in disclosure documents seriously. Managers should expect supervisory consequences where evidence for incorrect disclosures is proven.
 

[1] ESMA recognises that management fees may depend on a number of factors.

04/04/2016 2016/461 Final report on temporary exemption for ETDs under MiFID II Final Report PDF
619.46 KB
07/04/2016 JC/2016/21 Final Draft RTS PRIIPs KID Report , Final Report PDF
2.63 MB
04/05/2016 2016/653 Final Report on RTS on reporting obligations under Article 26 of MiFIR Final Report PDF
231.35 KB
26/05/2016 2016/734 Key note speech for the City week 2016 – Verena Ross, 9 May, London , Speech PDF
180.15 KB
26/05/2016 2016/735 Speech for the AIMA Global Policy and Regulatory Forum – Verena Ross, 18 May 2016, London , Speech PDF
180.75 KB

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