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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
18/12/2014 2014/1378 Opinion- Investment-based crowdfunding Opinion PDF
460.92 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.  Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind. Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in this document.
07/02/2014 2014/146 MiFID practices for firms selling complex products , Opinion PDF
122.37 KB
27/03/2014 2014/332 Structured Retail Products- Good practices for product governance arrangements , Opinion PDF
203.1 KB
Legal basis 1.    Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010 (ESMA Regulation)  sets out the European Securities and Markets Authority’s (ESMA) scope of action, tasks and powers which include “enhancing customer protection”, and “foster[ing] investor protection”.  2.    In order to continue delivering on this investor protection statutory objective, ESMA is issuing this opinion on certain aspects linked to the manufacturing and distribution of structured retail products (SRP). This opinion takes into account relevant work done in this field both at European and interna-tional level.  3.    This opinion is without prejudice to the requirements for the provision of investment services and activities established in the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID)  and its implementing measures (notably, Directive 2006/73/EC), the regulatory developments arising from the MiFID review or existing product rules that may apply to SRPs.  4.    ESMA’s competence to deliver an opinion is based on Article 29(1) (a) of the ESMA Regulation. In accordance with Article 44(1) of the ESMA Regulation, the Board of Supervisors has adopted this opinion. Background 5.    In its July 2013 report on ‘Retailisation in the EU’ , ESMA highlighted that, from a consumer protec-tion perspective, retail investors may face difficulties in understanding the drivers of risks and returns of structured products. If retail investors do not properly understand the risk and reward profile of structured products, and if the products are not properly assessed against the risk appetite of retail investors, retail investors might be exposed to unexpected losses and this might lead to complaints, reputational risks for manufacturers and distributors, and a loss of confidence in the regulatory framework and, more broadly, in financial markets. 6.    In 2013, ESMA mapped the measures adopted in the EU Member States in relation to complex products in order to identify issues and to better understand the rationale behind national initiatives (by looking at similarities and differences in the various approaches, and reviewing how complexity has been treated in the different EU Members States). 7.    As a result, ESMA has developed a broad set of non-exhaustive examples of good practices, attached as Annex 1 hereto, illustrating arrangements that firms - taking into account the nature, scale and complexity of their business - could put in place to improve their ability to deliver on investor protection regarding, in particular, (i) the complexity of the SRPs they manufacture or distribute, (ii) the nature and range of the investment services and activities undertaken in the course of that business, and (iii) the type of investors they target. These good practices should also be a helpful tool for competent authorities in carrying out their supervisory action. Opinion 8.    ESMA considers that sound product governance arrangements are fundamental for investor protec-tion purposes, and can reduce the need for product intervention actions by competent authorities. 9.    ESMA considers that, when supervising firms manufacturing or distributing an SRP, competent authorities should promote, in their supervisory approaches, the examples of good practices for firms set out in Annex 1 hereto. 10.    Although the good practices set out in Annex 1 hereto focus on structured products sold to retail investors, ESMA considers that they may also be a relevant reference for other types of financial in-struments (such as asset-backed securities, or contingent convertible bonds), as well as when financial instruments are being sold to professional clients. 11.    The exposure to risk is an intrinsic feature of investment products. The good practices set out in Annex 1 refer to product governance arrangements and do not (and cannot) aim at removing investment risk from products.
25/09/2015 2015/1462 ESMA opinion on accounting for Deposit Guarantee Scheme , Opinion PDF
127.91 KB
16/02/2015 2015/280 ESMA supervision of Credit Rating Agencies and Trade Repositories , , Annual Report PDF
891.95 KB
This document reports on the direct supervisory activities carried out by ESMA during 2014 regarding credit rating agencies (CRAs) and trade repositories (TRs) within the European Union (EU). It sets out ESMAs key areas of action during 2014 and outlines ESMA’s main priorities for 2015.
02/07/2015 2015/MB/39 ESMA's Report on Budgetary and Financial Management Annual Report PDF
406.99 KB
15/06/2016 2016/960 ESMA Annual Report 2015 , Annual Report PDF
2.76 MB

BG  - Преводът е предоставен от Центъра за преводи за органите на Европейския съюз.

CS - Tento překlad vypracovalo Překladatelské středisko pro instituce Evropské unie.

DA - Denne oversættelse er udarbejdet af Oversættelsescentret for Den Europæiske Unions Organer.

DE - Die Übersetzung erfolgte durch das Übersetzungszentrum für die Einrichtungen der Europäischen Union.

EL - Η παρούσα μετάφραση έγινε από το Μεταφραστικό Κέντρο των Οργάνων της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης.

ES - Texto traducido por el Centro de Traducción de los Órganos de la Unión Europea.

ET - Selle tõlke tegi Euroopa Liidu Asutuste Tõlkekeskus.

FI - Euroopan unionin elinten käännöskeskus on tehnyt tämän käännöksen.

FR - La présente traduction a été fournie par le Centre de traduction des organes de l’Union européenne.

HR - Za prijevod se pobrinuo Prevoditeljski centar za tijela Europske unije.

HU - Ezt a fordítást az Európai Unió.

IT - La presente traduzione è stata fornita dal Centro di traduzione degli organismi dell’Unione europea.

LT - Šį tekstą išvertė Europos Sąjungos įstaigų vertimo centras.

LV - Šo tulkojumu ir nodrošinājis Eiropas Savienības iestāžu Tulkošanas centrs.

NL - Deze vertaling is verzorgd door het Vertaalbureau voor de organen van de Europese Unie.

PL - Tłumaczenie wykonane przez Centrum Tłumaczeń dla Organów Unii Europejskiej.

PT - Esta tradução foi fornecida pelo Centro de Tradução dos Organismos da União Europeia.

RO - Această traducere a fost asigurată de Centrul de Traduceri pentru Organismele Uniunii Europene.

SK - Preklad vyhotovilo Prekladateľské stredisko pre orgány Európskej únie.

SL - Prevod je zagotovil Prevajalski center za organe Evropske unije.

SV - Den här översättningen har utförts av Översättningscentrum för Europeiska unionens organ.

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30/06/2011 CESR/2010/AR CESR Annual Report for 2010 Annual Report PDF
3.18 MB
25/06/2012 ESMA 2011 ESMA annual report for 2011 Annual Report PDF
2.97 MB
This annual report is the first annual report of ESMA.
24/01/2013 ESMA 2011 Annex 1-2 Annual Activity Report 2011 Annual Report PDF
161 KB
16/07/2012 ESMA 2011 BG Европейски орган за ценни книжа и пазари Годишен доклад за 2011 г Annual Report PDF
421.75 KB
This is a summary of the 2011 annual report of ESMA.
16/07/2012 ESMA 2011 CS Evropský orgán pro cenné papíry a trhy Výroční zpráva za rok 2011 Annual Report PDF
240.29 KB
This is a summary of the 2011 annual report of ESMA.
16/07/2012 ESMA 2011 DA Den Europæiske Værdipapir- og Markedstilsynsmyndighed- Årsberetning 2011 Annual Report PDF
121.17 KB
This is a summary of the 2011 annual report of ESMA.
16/07/2012 ESMA 2011 DE Europäische Wertpapier- und Marktaufsichtsbehörde- Jahresbericht 2011 Annual Report PDF
150.57 KB
This is a summary of the 2011 annual report of ESMA.
16/07/2012 ESMA 2011 EL Ευρωπαϊκή Αρχή Κινητών Αξιών και Αγορών- Ετήσια έκθεση 2011 Annual Report PDF
173.61 KB
This is a summary of the 2011 annual report of ESMA.
16/07/2012 ESMA 2011 ES Autoridad Europea de Valores y Mercados- Informe anual 2011 Annual Report PDF
132.36 KB
This is a summary of the 2011 annual report of ESMA.
16/07/2012 ESMA 2011 ET Euroopa Väärtpaberiturujärelevalve- 2011. aasta aruanne Annual Report PDF
113.37 KB
This is a summary of the 2011 annual report of ESMA.
16/07/2012 ESMA 2011 FI Euroopan arvopaperimarkkinaviranomainen- Vuosikertomus 2011 Annual Report PDF
120.94 KB
This is a summary of the 2011 annual report of ESMA.
16/07/2012 ESMA 2011 FR Autorité européenne des marchés financiers- Rapport annuel 2011 Annual Report PDF
126.82 KB
This is a summary of the 2011 annual report of ESMA.
16/07/2012 ESMA 2011 GA An tÚdarás Eorpach Urrús agus Margaí- Tuarascáil Bhliantúil 2011 Annual Report PDF
121.09 KB
This is a summary of the 2011 annual report of ESMA.

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