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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
14/01/2011 2011/5 Call for evidence- criteria for endorsement (Article 21 (2)(a) of the draft amended CRA Regulation) Consultation Paper PDF
218.02 KB
18/03/2011 2011/97 Consultation paper- ESMA Guidelines on the application of the endorsement regime under Article 4 (3) of the Credit Rating Regulation1060/2009 Consultation Paper PDF
273.66 KB
14/04/2011 2011/114 Consultation paper- ESMA´s Technical Advice to the Commission on Fees for CRA Supervision Consultation Paper PDF
95.52 KB
26/05/2011 2011/155 Call for evidence- assessment of compliance of credit rating agencies with Article 8.3 of the Credit Rating Agencies Regulation (1060/2009/EC) Consultation Paper PDF
69.4 KB
26/05/2011 2011/156 Call for evidence- ratings data periodic reporting requirements for CRAs according to Article 21 (3)(e) of the Draft Amended CRA Regulation Consultation Paper PDF
88.95 KB
19/09/2011 2011/302 Consultation paper- Regulatory technical standards on the information to be provided to ESMA by a credit rating agency in its application for registration and certification and for the assessment of its systemic importance Consultation Paper PDF
276.02 KB
19/09/2011 2011/303 Consultation paper- Regulatory technical standards on the assessment of compliance of credit rating method-ologies with the requirements set out in Article 8(3) of Regulation (EC) No 1060/2009 Consultation Paper PDF
374.84 KB
19/09/2011 2011/304 Consultation paper- ESMA’s draft Regulatory Technical Standards on the presentation of the information that credit rating agencies shall disclose in accordance with Article 11(2) and point 1 of Part II of Section E of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 1060/2 Consultation Paper PDF
182.29 KB
19/09/2011 2011/305 Consultation paper- ESMA’s Draft Regulatory Technical Standards on the content and format of ratings data periodic reporting to be submitted from credit rating agencies Consultation Paper PDF
264 KB
12/01/2012 2012/3 Annual report on the application of the Regulation on credit rating agencies as provided by Article 21(5) and Article 39a of the Regulation (EU) No 1060/2009 as amended by Regulation No 1095/2010 Final Report PDF
141.98 KB
This is the first report under the new CRA regulation, however, please note that CESR published a report about the application of the Regulation in the EU and, in particular, on the implementation of the requirements established in Annex I of the Regulation on 6 December 2010 (CESR/10-1424), according to Article 21(4) of the Regulation which was subsequently amended by Regulation No (EC) 513/2011. At the time of publication, 16 CRA's have been registered.
22/03/2012 2012/207 ESMA’s Report on the Supervision of Credit Rating Agencies Final Report PDF
323.81 KB
This report provides an overview of ESMA’s supervisory activity on Credit Rating Agencies (CRAs) registered in the European Union and summarises the results of ESMA’s first examination of the three groups of registered CRAs (Fitch Ratings, Moody's Investors Services, and Standard & Poor's Rating Services). The examination referred to in this document is the first step in an ongoing supervisory process conducted by ESMA and therefore does not represent a full scope investigation. The observations set forth in this Report refer to common issues affecting CRAs activities. As of the date of this document, ESMA has not determined whether any observation highlighted below constitutes a breach of the provisions of the Regulation. ESMA is still progressing in its assessment of the areas discussed in this Report. This Report is not based on a decision by ESMA’s Board of Supervisors; therefore it is published without prejudice to the possibility of further investigations which could lead to enforcement or supervisory actions.
20/12/2012 2012/841 Guidelines and recommendations on the scope of the CRA Regulation Consultation Paper PDF
255.36 KB
18/03/2013 2013/308 Annual report on the application of the Regulation on credit rating agencies- 2012 Final Report PDF
601.08 KB
This is the second annual report on the application of the Credit Rating Agencies Regulation. 
10/07/2013 2013/891 Discussion Paper on CRA3 Implementation Consultation Paper PDF
639.76 KB
The Discussion Paper deals with the implementation of the CRA3 Regulation, which entered into force on 20 June 2013.The Regulation, which complements the existing regulatory framework for credit rating agencies (CRAs), requires ESMA to draft Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS) on:•    disclosure requirements on structured finance instruments (SFIs);•    the European Rating Platform (ERP); and•    the periodic reporting on fees charged by CRAs.ESMA is seeking views from all interested parties by 10 October 2013 in order to assist in its preparation of the draft RTS to be published for consultation in early 2014.  ESMA must submit the draft RTS to the European Commission by 21 June 2014.
02/12/2013 2013/1775 Sovereign ratings investigation- ESMA’s assessment of governance, conflicts of interest, resourcing adequacy and confidentiality controls Final Report PDF
302.99 KB
This report summarises the findings of the European Securities and Markets Authority’s (ESMA) general investigation into sovereign credit ratings issued by Fitch Ratings, Moody’s Investors Service and Standard & Poor’s which took place between February and October 2013, as indicated in its Credit Rating Agencies (CRAs) 2013 Supervision and Policy Work Plan. In this report ESMA describes the observed deficiencies and main concerns while also identifying a number of good practices in the following areas: • the role of senior management and other non-rating functions in the rating process and the actual or potential conflicts of interest which could arise; • the actual or potential conflicts of interests generated by the involvement of sovereign analysts in research and publication activities; • confidentiality of sovereign rating information and controls in place prior to publication of ratings (including IT and access controls to confidential information); • timing of publication of sovereign ratings, including timely disclosure of rating changes; • monitoring of the adequacy and expertise of resources dedicated to sovereign ratings; • preparation of rating committees; and • definitions of roles and responsibilities among different analytical functions. ESMA’s investigation revealed shortcomings in the sovereign ratings process which could pose risks to the quality, independence and integrity of the ratings and of the rating process. As of the date of this document, ESMA has not determined whether any of the observations made in this report constitute serious indications of the possible existence of facts liable to constitute one or more infringements of the CRA Regulation.
11/02/2014 2014/150 Consultation Paper on CRA3 Implementation Consultation Paper PDF
1.92 MB
The consultation paper seeks stakeholders’ views on the draft RTS ESMA is required to adopt under the CRA3 Regulation. The input from stakeholders will help ESMA in drafting the final report. Respondents to this consultation are encouraged to provide the relevant data to support their arguments or proposals. Responding to this paper ESMA invites comments on all matters in this paper. Comments are most helpful if they: contain a clear rationale; include quantitative elements to support any concern; and describe any alternatives ESMA should consider, including alternative drafts. ESMA will consider all comments received by 11 April 2014.All contributions should be submitted online on the Consultation Page.   Hearing ESMA is seeking input from users, producers of credit ratings, those involved in the issuance of structured finance instruments (issuers, originators and sponsors), anyone interested in the up-to-date individual rating data or in competition in the credit market.The hearing will be held on Friday, 14 March 2014, from 10.00 to 13.00 CET and is open to all. Please register on the Hearing page.
21/02/2014 2014/151 Credit Rating Agencies Annual Report 2013 Final Report PDF
507.61 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published its Annual Report 2013 (Report) on credit rating agencies (CRAs) in the European Union (EU). The Report also outlines ESMA’s supervisory work plan for this year. ESMA has found that CRAs continue to progress in how they comply with the CRA Regulation, including improved internal transparency and disclosure to the market on credit rating activities as well as empowerment of the compliance function. However, ESMA considers that improvements are still necessary, notably in the following areas: • validation of rating methodologies, to ensure that a credit rating assessment is a comprehensive risk assessment leading to high quality ratings; • internal governance, ensuring the full independence of the internal review function and thereby reducing the risk of potential conflict of interest; and • robust IT systems to support the rating process, including information security controls and protection of confidential rating information. These issues form the basis for much of ESMA’s supervision activities as outlined in its 2014 work plan. This includes the completion of the two on-going supervisory reviews into CRAs’ monitoring of structured finance ratings and into small and medium-sized CRAs. A new thematic investigation on how CRAs review and validate their rating methodologies will also be launched, as well as dedicated work on CRAs’ IT systems and controls. Following the entry into force of the amended CRA Regulation in June 2013, ESMA will also complete a specific assessment on CRAs’ compliance with the new regulatory requirements.
16/07/2014 2014/845 Consultation Paper on periodic information to be submitted to ESMA by Credit Rating Agencies Consultation Paper PDF
367.99 KB
Summary The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is consulting on new supervisory guidelines regarding the information that is periodically submitted to ESMA by credit rating agencies. Good quality, relevant and timely data is key to the efficient and effective supervision of the CRA sector and the aim of this consultation paper is to ensure that the information that CRAs are requested to submit supports ESMA's supervisory work in identifying the key risks in the CRA sector. In addition to the periodic reporting to CEREP and SOCRAT, registered CRAs must notify ESMA of changes to their initial conditions for registration and submit periodically to ESMA information in accordance with ESMA’s Guidance on the enforcement practices and activities. CRAs must also submit annually to ESMA information regarding their revenues for the calculation of the supervisory fees and market share. Finally, CRAs submit to ESMA periodically other information that is used for on-going supervisory purposes. The guidelines are proposed under Article 16 of EU No 1095/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010, which enables ESMA to publish guidelines addressed to financial market participants with a view to establishing consistent, efficient and effective supervisory practices. These proposed guidelines will replace CESR’s Guidance on the enforcement practices and activities to be conducted under Article 21.3(a) of the Regulation (ESMA/2010/944) of 30 August 2010. The consultation paper should be by read by credit rating agencies (as defined in Article 3(1)(b) of the CRA Regulation), companies which have applied for registration or are considering applying for registration, competent authorities, and consumer groups. An open hearing on the issues contained in this paper will be held on 15 October 2014. The closing date for comments is 31 October 2014.
05/08/2014 2014/939 Report to the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on ESMA’s staffing and resource for CRA supervision Final Report PDF
322.49 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is required by Article 39a of Regulation (EU) No 462/2013 of the European Parliament and the Council of 21 May 2013, amending Regulation (EC) No 1060/2009 on credit rating agencies (CRA Regulation), to assess the staffing and resources needs arising from the assumption of its powers and duties under the CRA Regulation and submit a report to the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission of these needs. The Report describes the tasks that ESMA carries out in view of its responsibilities under the CRA Regulation. For each task the report analyses the implications in terms of processes and activities to be carried out. The report also provides the implications in terms of resources and budget. While ESMA experienced a steep increase of resources in the initial years following the entry into force of the CRA Regulation, incremental growth in staff numbers in 2015 and 2016 can be envisaged to adequately cope with additional tasks following from the CRA3 Regulation.
16/12/2014 2014/1524 ESMA’s investigation into structured finance ratings Final Report PDF
436.29 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authorities (ESMA) has published this report to inform of the outcome and findings of its general investigation in the way credit rating agencies (CRAs) conduct surveillance of structured finance credit ratings, as indicated in ESMA’s Credit Rating Agencies Annual Report 2013. The investigation took place between October 2013 and September 2014 and involved the four largest CRAs providing credit ratings on structured finance instruments in the EU, namely DBRS Ratings (DBRS), Fitch Ratings (Fitch), Moody’s Investors Service (MIS) and Standard & Poor’s (S&P).