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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
18/12/2014 2014/1560 Advice- Investment-based crowdfunding Final Report PDF
482.2 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind.  Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in sections 1 to 6 of this document.
25/02/2015 2015/494 Best Execution under MiFID , Final Report PDF
761.62 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has conducted a peer review on how national regulators (national competent authorities or NCAs) supervise and enforce the MiFID provisions relating to investment firms’ obligation to provide best execution, or obtain the best possible result, for their clients when executing their orders. ESMA found that the level of implementation of best execution provisions, as well as the level of convergence of supervisory practices by NCAs, is relatively low. In order to address this situation a number of improvements were identified, including: • prioritisation of best execution as a key conduct of business supervisory issue; • the allocation of sufficient resources to best execution supervision; and • a more proactive supervisory approach to monitoring compliance with best execution requirements, both desk-based and onsite inspections. The review was conducted on the basis of information provided by 29 NCAs and complemented by on-site visits to the NCAs of France, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland and Spain.
31/01/2019 ESMA33-128-600 ESMA Opinion on securitisation RTS Opinion PDF
4.02 MB
17/06/2019 ESMA-35-43-1970 ESMA opinion under Article 42(3) MiFIR (IT_BO) Opinion PDF
98.33 KB
17/06/2019 ESMA-35-43-1971 ESMA opinion under Article 42(3) MiFIR (IT_CFD) Opinion PDF
98.47 KB
17/07/2019 ESMA35-43-1983 ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFID (CZ_CFD) Opinion PDF
100.16 KB
02/04/2019 ESMA-35-43-1776 ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (AFM_BO) Opinion PDF
97.69 KB
02/04/2019 ESMA-35-43-1780 ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (AFM_CFDs) Opinion PDF
97.4 KB
13/05/2019 ESMA-35-43-1877 ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (AT_BO) Opinion PDF
99.61 KB
13/05/2019 ESMA35-43-1906 ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (AT_CFD) Opinion PDF
105.71 KB
13/05/2019 ESMA35-43-1906 ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (AT_CFD) Opinion PDF
105.71 KB
26/06/2019 ESMA-35-43-1979 ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (BG_BO) Opinion PDF
97.67 KB
24/07/2019 2019-ESMA-35-43-1980- ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (BG_CFD) Opinion PDF
98.64 KB
01/07/2019 ESMA-35-43-1981 ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (CY_BO) Opinion PDF
116.08 KB
30/09/2019 ESMA-35-43-1982 ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (CY_CFD) Opinion PDF
115.93 KB
26/06/2019 ESMA-35-43-1952 ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (DE_BO) Opinion PDF
101.43 KB
31/07/2019 ESMA-35-43-1986 ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (DE_CFD) Opinion PDF
99.52 KB
26/06/2019 ESMA-35-43-1984 ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (DK_BO) Opinion PDF
100.1 KB
24/07/2019 2019-ESMA-35-43-1985- ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (DK_CFD) Opinion PDF
98.63 KB
12/06/2019 ESMA-35-43-1965 ESMA opinion under Article 43(2) MiFIR (EE_BO) Opinion PDF
97.46 KB

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