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|Date||Ref.||Title||Section||Type||Download||Info||Summary||Related Documents||Translated versions|
|02/06/2016||2016/773||Discussion Paper on the Distributed Ledger Technology Applied to Securities Markets||Innovation and Products, Risk Analysis & Economics - Markets Infrastructure Investors||Consultation Paper||PDF
|22/04/2015||2015/532||Investment using virtual currency or distributed ledger technology||Innovation and Products||Consultation Paper||PDF
|ESMA has been monitoring and analysing virtual currency investment over the last 6 months, to understand developments in the market, potential benefits or risks for investors, market integrity or financial stability, and to support the functioning of the EU single market. ESMA’s analysis is set out in this paper. ESMA is seeking to share its analysis in order to promote wider understanding of innovative market developments, and invites market participants and other stakeholders to submit feedback and any additional information on the following topics: Virtual currency investment products, i.e. collective investment schemes or derivatives such as options and CFDs that have virtual currencies (VCs) as an underlying or invest in VC related businesses and infrastructure; Virtual currency based assets/securities and asset transfers, i.e. financial assets such as shares, funds, etc. that are exclusively traded using virtual currency distributed ledgers (also known as block chains);and The application of the distributed ledger technology to securities/investments, whether inside or outside a virtual currency environment.|