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|28/05/2021||ESMA81-393-98||Supervisory Briefing on Benchmark administrators’ presence in their Member States of location and outsourcing||Benchmarks, Supervisory convergence||Report||PDF
|12/04/2011||2011/116 Annex 2||Progress report on equivalence of Indian Accounting Standards with IFRS||IAS Regulation||Report||PDF
|05/01/2016||2015/1791||Peer Review Report Compliance with SSR as regards Market Making activities||Supervisory convergence||Report||PDF
|16/02/2016||2016/297||Follow-up MMF||Fund Management, Supervisory convergence||Report||PDF
|29/03/2016||2016/410||ESMA Report on Enforcement and Regulatory Activities of Accounting Enforcers in 2015||Corporate Disclosure, IFRS Supervisory Convergence, Supervisory convergence||Report||PDF
This report provides an overview of the activities of the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) and the accounting enforcers in the European Economic Area (EEA), thereafter, ‘European enforcers’, when examining compliance of financial information provided by issuers listed on regulated markets with the applicable financial reporting framework in 2015. It also provides an overview of the main activities performed at European level, quantitative information on enforcement activities in Europe as well as ESMA’s contribution to the development of the single rule book in the area of financial reporting. In addition, it also outlines ESMA’s activities for 2016 in the area of corporate reporting following its Supervisory Convergence Work Programme.
Following the implementation of the ESMA Guidelines on enforcement of financial information (hereafter the Guidelines on enforcement), ESMA and European enforcers have further strengthened supervisory convergence in the area of enforcement of financial information. The Guidelines on enforcement significantly contributed to the alignment of supervisory approaches/procedures through the use of harmonised key concepts for examinations, of a common set of enforcement priorities, of common rules for enforcement actions and of a single set of criteria for identifying accounting matters for which coordination at European level within ESMA is needed. In the last area, the number of accounting issues discussed by the enforcers before taking enforcement decisions increased significantly (65 emerging issues in 2015 vs 47 in 2014) and contributed to enhancing supervisory convergence as enforcers should take into account the outcome of these discussions when taking decisions .
In 2015 ESMA and European enforcers evaluated the level of compliance with IFRS in the areas identified as common enforcement priorities for the 2014 annual financial statements on a sample of 189 issuers. This assessment resulted in 40 enforcement actions being taken on shortcomings in the disclosures of assumptions and judgements supporting the recognition of deferred tax assets arising from tax losses, when assessing control or classifying joint arrangements.
As in previous years, ESMA together with European enforcers identified and included in their supervisory practices a set of common enforcement priorities significant for European issuers when preparing their 2015 IFRS financial statements. These priorities include the impact of the financial markets’ conditions in IFRS financial statements, presentation of the statement of cash flows and related disclosures as well as the fair value measurement of non-financial assets and related disclosures. Specific references to some of the 2014 common priorities and to the new IFRS requirements, notably on IFRS 9 Financial Instruments and IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers are also part of these priorities.
As a response to increased concerns in the markets, ESMA issued Guidelines on Alternative Performance Measures (hereafter the Guidelines on APMs) which are aimed at contributing to the publication of transparent, unbiased and comparable information by European issuers on their financial performance. The Guidelines on APMs will apply to APMs disclosed by issuers when publishing regulated information or persons responsible for the prospectus. European enforcers had to adapt their supervisory procedures and declare their compliance to these guidelines.
Also as part of the supervisory convergence activities, ESMA issued an Opinion on the application of the IFRS requirements on the cash contributions to Deposit Guarantee Schemes (DGS) in order to address the divergence in the application and enforcement in the accounting treatment applicable to these contributions and to prevent it from becoming widespread.
ESMA published a Statement referring to principles relevant for improving the quality of disclosures as a response to concerns expressed by users on the overload, lack of completeness or relevance of the information provided in the financial statements.
Finally, European enforcers examined the interim or annual financial statements of approximately 1,200 issuers representing an average examination rate of 20% of all IFRS issuers with securities listed on regulated markets, out of which 14% related to unlimited scope examinations and 6% to focused examinations. As a result of these activities, European enforcers took actions addressing material departures against 273 issuers, representing around 25% of the selected sample. The main deficiencies were identified in the areas of financial statements presentation, impairment of non-financial assets and accounting for financial instruments.
Single Rule Book
ESMA actively participated to the accounting standard setting process by providing European enforcers’ positions on all major new standards issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and by contributing to the discussions in the EFRAG Board and the Technical Expert Group (EFRAG TEG) meetings. Notably, ESMA provided specific input to the due process and endorsement advices on IFRS 9, in aspects related to investor protection and financial stability as well as on its interaction with IFRS 4 Insurance Contracts. In addition, ESMA also contributed to the consistent application of IFRS by engaging with the IASB and the IFRS Interpretations Committee (IFRS IC) when relevant issues were identified by enforcers and where a lack of clarity in IFRS could contribute to their divergent application.
In accordance with its mandate under the Transparency Directive, ESMA has submitted to the European Commission for endorsement the draft Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS) on the European Electronic Access Point (EEAP) and published the consultation paper on the draft RTS on European Single Electronic Format (ESEF).
ESMA published its Supervisory Convergence Work Programme which covers, among other topics, the activities of accounting enforcers. In addition to the regular activities, ESMA envisages to start carrying out peer reviews on some of the ESMA Guidelines on enforcement, to publish statements on the implementation of new major IFRS and to develop supervisory briefings to align procedures of European enforcers when monitoring and enforcing the Guidelines on APMs and disclosures in the financial statements.
|31/03/2016||2016/411||Guidelines on sound remuneration policies under the UCITS Directive and AIFMD||Fund Management||Report||PDF
Article 14a(4) of Directive 2009/65/EC (“UCITS Directive”), as amended by Directive 2014/91/EU (“UCITS V Directive”) provides that ESMA shall issue guidelines addressed to competent authorities or financial market participants concerning the application of the remuneration principles set out under Article 14b of the UCITS Directive (“UCITS Remuneration Guidelines”). This final report sets out the final text of the guidelines on remuneration policies required by the UCITS V Directive and also provides for a targeted revision of the Guidelines on sound remuneration policies under the AIFMD (ESMA/2013/232) (“AIFMD Remuneration Guidelines”), which were originally published on 3 July 2013.
|01/07/2021||ESMA 34-45-1219||Marketing requirements and marketing communications under the Regulation on cross-border distribution of funds||Fund Management||Report||PDF
|06/04/2020||ESMA 50-165-1098||ESMA annual statistical report on performance and costs of retail investment products in the EU- 2020||Fund Management, Innovation and Products, MiFID - Investor Protection||Report||PDF
|14/04/2021||ESMA 50-165-1710||ESMA annual statistical report on performance and costs of retail investment products in the EU- 2021||Fund Management, Innovation and Products, Market data||Report||PDF
|04/02/2019||ESMA20-95-1105||2019 Regulatory Work Programme||Board of Supervisors, Planning reporting budget, Supervisory convergence||Report||PDF
|05/04/2017||ESMA31-54-435||Report on shareholder identification and communication systems||Corporate Finance, Corporate Governance||Report||PDF
|20/12/2019||ESMA32-334-150||Report On the use of Alternative Performance Measures and on the compliance with ESMA’s APM Guidelines||Corporate Disclosure, Supervisory convergence||Report||PDF
|17/07/2018||ESMA32-51-522||ESMA response to the European Commission consultation on the Fitness Check on the EU Framework for public reporting by companies||Corporate Disclosure, IAS Regulation||Report||PDF
|30/03/2021||ESMA32-67-716||Report on IFRS 10-11-12||Corporate Disclosure, IAS Regulation, IFRS Supervisory Convergence||Report||PDF
|12/11/2020||ESMA34-32-548||Penalties and measures imposed under the AIFMD Directive in 2018- 2019||Fund Management||Report||PDF
|20/07/2021||ESMA34-32-865||Penalties and measures imposed under the AIFMD in 2020||Fund Management||Report||PDF
|04/06/2020||ESMA34-39-1042||Supervisory briefing on the supervision of costs in UCITS and AIFs||Fund Management, Supervisory convergence||Report||PDF
|13/11/2020||ESMA34-39-1119||Recommendation of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB) on liquidity risk in investment funds||Fund Management||Report||PDF
|07/04/2017||ESMA34-43-340||Notification frameworks and home-host responsibilities under UCITS and AIFMD- ESMA Thematic Study among National Competent Authorities||Fund Management||Report||PDF
One of the key objectives of ESMA is to foster and increase supervisory convergence across NCAs. Thematic studies have been identified as a means of achieving this objective. Their aim is to review supervisory practice in the Member States, identifying good or best practices where possible. In 2016, ESMA conducted a thematic study on the operation of home and host responsibilities under AIFMD and UCITS with a view to promoting smooth operation of the EU passports for marketing and management, looking at the notification frameworks contained in the UCITS Directive and AIFMD. The findings of the thematic study form the core of this report. They are supplemented, where possible, by a number of recommendations on good supervisory practices.
|20/07/2021||ESMA34-45-1269||Penalties and measures imposed under the UCITS Directive in 2020||Fund Management||Report||PDF