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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
18/12/2014 2014/1560 Advice- Investment-based crowdfunding Final Report PDF
482.2 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind.  Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in sections 1 to 6 of this document.
29/04/2020 ESMA41-137-1299 ESMAR Article 9a(2) Opinion- BMR EC Opinion PDF
130.45 KB
29/04/2020 ESMA41-137-1300 ESMAR Article 9a(3) Opinion- BMR NCA Opinion PDF
126.5 KB
01/02/2021 ESMA81-393-83 Final Report BMR Advice Fees Final Report PDF
504.55 KB
06/04/2021 ESMA74-362-1853 Final report Draft Guidelines On periodic information to be submitted to ESMA by Trade Repositories , , Final Report PDF
221.11 KB
02/06/2017 ESMA70-145-81 Final report on draft RTS on cooperation with third countries under BMR Final Report PDF
203.07 KB
18/11/2021 ESMA70-156-4953 Final Report on draft RTS on the clearing and derivative trading obligations in view of the benchmark transition to risk free rates , Final Report PDF
948.59 KB
24/09/2021 ESMA81-393-239 Final Report on Guidelines on methodology, oversight function and record keeping under the Benchmarks Regulation Final Report PDF
315.98 KB
20/12/2018 ESMA70-145-1008 Final report on Guidelines on non-significant benchmarks Final Report PDF
673.72 KB
18/12/2020 ESMA50-157-2403 Final report on Guidelines on outsourcing to cloud service providers Final Report PDF
384.63 KB
31/03/2020 ESMA43-370-103 Final report on TA on EMIR 2.2 CCP fines , , , Final Report PDF
478.11 KB
10/11/2016 2016-1560 Final Report on Technical Advice under the Benchmarks Regulation Final Report PDF
943.42 KB
12/07/2021 ESMA74-362-1978 Final report Technical Advice to EC on simplification and harmonisation of fees to TRs under EMIR and SFTR , , , Final Report PDF
278.42 KB
25/03/2022 ESMA74-362-2351 Final report- Guidelines on transfer of data between Trade Repositories under EMIR and SFTR , , Final Report PDF
714.09 KB
26/03/2021 ESMA43-370-281 Final report_TA on procedural rules for penalties imposed on Benchmark Administrators Final Report PDF
369.64 KB
21/05/2015 2015/856 Ann1 Investment-based crowdfunding- Insights from regulators in the EU Final Report PDF
319.65 KB
15/03/2018 JC-2018-04 Joint Committee Final Report on Big Data Final Report PDF
520.31 KB
12/01/2017 ESMA50-1215332076-23 Opinion on the impact of the exclusion of fund management companies from the scope of the MiFIR intervention powers Opinion PDF
224.29 KB
18/12/2014 2014/1378 Opinion- Investment-based crowdfunding Opinion PDF
460.92 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.  Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind. Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in this document.
28/02/2022 ESMA70-1861941480-52 Q&A on EMIR implementation , Q&A PDF
1.46 MB