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|05/02/2016||2016/234||ESMA’s supervision of credit rating agencies and trade repositories- 2015 annual report and 2016 work plan.||Credit Rating Agencies, Trade Repositories||Report||PDF
The European Securities and Markets Authority’s (ESMA) annual report and work programme has been prepared according to Article 21 of Regulation 1060/2009 on credit rating agencies as amended (the CRA Regulation) and Article 85 of Regulation 648/2012 on OTC derivatives, central counterparties and trade repositories (EMIR). It highlights the direct supervisory activities carried out by ESMA during 2015 regarding credit rating agencies (CRAs) and trade repositories (TRs) and outlines ESMA’s main priorities in these areas for 2016.
ESMA adopts a risk-based approach to the supervision of CRAs and TRs in accordance with its overall objectives of promoting financial stability and orderly markets and enhancing investor protection. This risk-based approach requires the analysis of information from a variety of sources and the application of multiple supervisory tools including day-to-day supervision, cycle of engagement meetings with supervised entities, on-site inspections and dedicated investigations.
In order to build on the expertise that ESMA has developed through its supervision of CRAs and TRs, ESMA created a single Supervision Department in November 2015. ESMA intends to draw on the best practices identified from the supervision of both types of entity to further enhance its supervisory effectiveness in future.
|05/02/2016||2016/247||ESMA to focus on governance, strategy, data and fees in 2016 supervision||Credit Rating Agencies, Press Releases, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has today published its 2016 supervisory priorities for credit rating agencies (CRAs) and trade repositories (TRs), as well as its annual report summarising the key supervisory work and actions undertaken during 2015.
2016 Supervisory Priorities
ESMA has seen a number of changes in the CRA and TR industries during 2015, with new applicants for registration in both sectors, and current authorised entities seeking to develop their businesses. This has included CRAs providing credit ratings on new asset classes or in new geographic areas, and TRs offering trade reporting services for other instrument types.
ESMA identifies its supervisory priorities on the basis of risk assessment exercises conducted throughout the year. In 2015 these identified high levels of governance and strategy risk, and operational risk in the CRA industry and high levels of risk associated with TRs’ data and systems. Therefore, in 2016 ESMA will focus its supervisory activities on:
Steven Maijoor, ESMA Chair, said:
“The credit rating and trade repository industries continue to evolve and develop. We are receiving new applications for registration and existing entities are seeking to develop their businesses by expanding into new areas. ESMA supports these developments where they contribute to the maintenance of stable and orderly financial markets.
“For this reason, in 2016 ESMA will focus its work on the quality of the services being provided by supervised entities. This means we will concentrate on issues surrounding CRA governance, strategy and ratings quality, along with data quality and access to TRs’ data with a broad focus on the fee structures and information security in both industries.”
2015 Annual Supervisory Review – CRAs and TRs
In 2015, following its risk-based approach, ESMA focused its supervisory efforts on CRAs’ governance, risk management and internal decision making and on CRAs’ business development processes. Some notable achievements were:
The key risks TR supervision focused on in 2015 related to the quality of TRs’ data, access to data held by TRs and the operation and performance of TRs’ systems. In 2015, ESMA continued working with TRs to implement the data quality action plan established in September 2014 including:
ESMA has also been monitoring National Competent Authorities’ (NCAs) access to TR data. It has entered into a number of Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) to help third country regulatory authorities access TR data and is developing an IT system to allow NCAs to submit data queries through a centralised web portal.
|31/03/2016||2016/468||ESMA fines DTCC Derivatives Repository Limited €64,000 for data access failures||Press Releases, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
ESMA fines DTCC Derivatives Repository Limited €64,000 for data access failures
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has fined the trade repository DTCC Derivatives Repository Limited (DDRL) €64,000, and issued a public notice, for negligently failing to put in place systems capable of providing regulators with direct and immediate access to derivatives trading data. This is a key requirement under the European Markets and Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) in order to improve transparency and facilitate the monitoring of systemic risks in derivatives markets.
This is the first time ESMA has taken enforcement action against a trade repository registered in the European Union (EU). DDRL is the largest EU registered trade repository.
ESMA found that DDRL failed to provide direct and immediate access to derivatives data from 21 March 2014 to 15 December 2014, a period of about nine months in which access delays increased from two days to 62 days after reporting and affected 2.6 billion reports. This was due to its negligence in:
DDRL’s failures caused delays to regulators accessing data, revealed systemic weaknesses in its organisation particularly its procedures, management systems or internal controls and negatively impacted the quality of the data it maintained.
|21/12/2016||2016/1668||2016-1668 ESMA feedback statement on ESEF||Corporate Disclosure, European Single Electronic Format, Transparency||Report||PDF
|21/12/2016||2016/1682||2016-1682 Press Release on Feedback Statement on ESEF||Corporate Disclosure, European Single Electronic Format, Press Releases, Transparency||Press Release||PDF
|02/02/2017||ESMA71-844457584-339||Press Release ESMA Supervision 2016 annual report and 2017 work programme||Credit Rating Agencies, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
|03/02/2017||ESMA80-1467488426-27||Supervision Annual Report 2016 and Work Programme 2017||Credit Rating Agencies, Trade Repositories||Report||PDF
|18/12/2017||ESMA 71-99-670||New rules make EU issuers’ annual financial reports machine-readable||European Single Electronic Format||Press Release||PDF
|11/01/2018||ESMA80-196-954||Thematic Report- On fees charged by Credit Rating Agencies and Trade Repositories||Credit Rating Agencies, Trade Repositories||Report||PDF
|11/01/2018||ESMA71-99-919||PR on CRA/TR Fees Thematic Report||Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
|01/02/2019||ESMA71-99-1096||ESMA and EU securities regulators MoUs with FCA||Board of Supervisors, Brexit, Credit Rating Agencies, Fund Management, Press Releases, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
|15/07/2019||ESMA71-99-1181||Press release: ESMA fines Regis-TR S.A. €56,000 for data access failures||Press Releases, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
|20/12/2019||ESMA80-196-3218||Follow-up Report on fees charged by CRAs and TRs||Credit Rating Agencies, Supervisory convergence, Trade Repositories||Report||PDF
|20/12/2019||ESMA71-99-1256||ESMA CRAs TRs thematic fees report||Press Releases, Supervisory convergence, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
|09/03/2020||ESMA71-99-1287||ESMA Supervision WP 2020||Benchmarks, Credit Rating Agencies, Press Releases, Securities Financing Transactions, Securitisation, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
|16/03/2020||ESMA71-99-1291||ESMA requires net short position holders to report positions of 0.1% and above||COVID-19, Market Integrity, Press Releases, Short Selling||Press Release||PDF
|02/04/2020||ESMA50-165-1107||ESMA Risk Dashboard Risk up-date||COVID-19, Risk Analysis & Economics - Markets Infrastructure Investors||Report||PDF
|15/04/2020||ESMA71-99-1318||ESMA issues positive opinions on short selling bans by 5 jurisdictions||COVID-19, Market Integrity, Press Releases, Short Selling||Press Release||PDF
|04/05/2020||ESAs 2020 09||EMIR RTS on various amendments to the bilateral margin requirements in view of the international framework||COVID-19, Joint Committee, Post Trading||Report||PDF
|13/05/2020||ESMA71-99-1327||Press Release CLO Thematic Report||COVID-19, Credit Rating Agencies, Press Releases||Press Release||PDF