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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
18/12/2014 2014/1560 Advice- Investment-based crowdfunding Final Report PDF
482.2 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind.  Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in sections 1 to 6 of this document.
22/04/2015 2015/532 Investment using virtual currency or distributed ledger technology Consultation Paper PDF
526.19 KB
ESMA has been monitoring and analysing virtual currency investment over the last 6 months, to understand developments in the market, potential benefits or risks for investors, market integrity or financial stability, and to support the functioning of the EU single market. ESMA’s analysis is set out in this paper. ESMA is seeking to share its analysis in order to promote wider understanding of innovative market developments, and invites market participants and other stakeholders to submit feedback and any additional information on the following topics: Virtual currency investment products, i.e. collective investment schemes or derivatives such as options and CFDs that have virtual currencies (VCs) as an underlying or invest in VC related businesses and infrastructure; Virtual currency based assets/securities and asset transfers, i.e. financial assets such as shares, funds, etc. that are exclusively traded using virtual currency distributed ledgers (also known as block chains);and The application of the distributed ledger technology to securities/investments, whether inside or outside a virtual currency environment.
21/05/2015 2015/856 Ann1 Investment-based crowdfunding- Insights from regulators in the EU Final Report PDF
319.65 KB
02/06/2016 2016/773 Discussion Paper on the Distributed Ledger Technology Applied to Securities Markets , Consultation Paper PDF
573.86 KB
25/05/2021 ESMA-50-164-4518 Call for evidence- Digital Finance Consultation Paper PDF
300.37 KB
05/11/2020 ESMA30-379-325 Consultation Paper- Draft advice to EC under Article 8 of the Taxonomy Regulation Consultation Paper PDF
1.79 MB
01/03/2021 ESMA30-379-471 Final Report- Advice on Article 8 of the Taxonomy Regulation Final Report PDF
2.89 MB
03/05/2019 ESMA34-45-688 Final report on integrating sustainability risks and factors in the UCITS Directive and the AIFMD , Final Report PDF
483.4 KB
03/05/2019 ESMA35-43-1737 Final report on integrating sustainability risks and factors in the MIFID II , , Final Report PDF
371.73 KB
31/03/2020 ESMA43-370-103 Final report on TA on EMIR 2.2 CCP fines , , , Final Report PDF
478.11 KB
18/12/2020 ESMA50-157-2403 Final report on Guidelines on outsourcing to cloud service providers Final Report PDF
384.63 KB
03/06/2020 ESMA50-164-3342 Draft Guidelines on Outsourcing to Cloud Service Providers Consultation Paper PDF
390.7 KB
06/04/2021 ESMA74-362-1853 Final report Draft Guidelines On periodic information to be submitted to ESMA by Trade Repositories , , Final Report PDF
221.11 KB
24/03/2021 ESMA74-362-1864 CP Technical Advice on simplification TR fees under SFTR and EMIR , Consultation Paper PDF
494.16 KB
28/05/2021 ESMA74-362-1941 Consultation Paper on the Guidelines on transfer of data between Trade Repositories under EMIR and SFTR , , Consultation Paper PDF
658.69 KB
12/07/2021 ESMA74-362-1978 Final report Technical Advice to EC on simplification and harmonisation of fees to TRs under EMIR and SFTR , , , Final Report PDF
278.42 KB
27/03/2020 ESMA74-362-47 CP on the TS on reporting data quality data access and registration of TRs under EMIR REFIT , , Consultation Paper PDF
2.66 MB
09/07/2020 ESMA74-362-608 Guidelines on calculation of positions in SFTs by Trade Repositories , Consultation Paper PDF
799.81 KB
10/04/2019 JC 2019 25 Joint ESA advice on the costs and benefits of developing a coherent cyber resilience testing framework for significant market participants and infrastructures , Technical Advice PDF
785.49 KB
10/04/2019 JC 2019 26 Joint ESA advice on the need for legislative improvements relating to ICT risk management requirements , Technical Advice PDF
1.34 MB