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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
09/01/2019 ESMA50-157-1391 Advice on Initial Coin Offerings and Crypto-Assets Report PDF
882.48 KB
18/12/2014 2014/1560 Advice- Investment-based crowdfunding Final Report PDF
482.2 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind.  Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in sections 1 to 6 of this document.
22/10/2021 AFM/1 Consumer testing AFM report Report PDF
2.75 MB
22/10/2021 SGH/1 Consumer testing SGH report Report PDF
2.08 MB
07/02/2022 ESMA50-164-5411 Digital finance related issues – Survey to NCAs Report PDF
291.04 KB
06/04/2020 ESMA 50-165-1098 ESMA annual statistical report on performance and costs of retail investment products in the EU- 2020 , , Report PDF
4.08 MB
14/04/2021 ESMA 50-165-1710 ESMA annual statistical report on performance and costs of retail investment products in the EU- 2021 , , Report PDF
2.54 MB
07/06/2017 ESMA50-158-457 ESMA response to the Commission Consultation Paper on Fintech: A more competitive and innovative financial sector Report PDF
712.26 KB
  1. ESMA welcomes the opportunity to respond to the Commission Consultation paper on Fintech: a more competitive and innovative financial sector (hereafter “the Consultation”).
  2. Fintech and, technological innovation in general, have been the drivers of a number of developments in the financial sector in recent years. Indeed, new forms of services and businesses such as automated advice or crowdfunding have emerged. ESMA sees these developments as a positive evolution as long as they are aimed at improving consumer financial experience and facilitate financial inclusion. ESMA would also want to stress that it adheres to the core principles (technological neutrality, proportionality and market integrity) highlighted by the Commission and agrees that any EU policies aiming to ensure the financial sector takes advantage of cutting-edge technologies, while remaining sound and safe for investors, need to integrate these principles.
  3. In this response, ESMA wishes to share with the Commission some reflections on a number of topics mentioned in the Consultation which appear relevant to ESMA:
    • Artificial intelligence and big data analytics for automated advice and businesses;
    • Crowdfunding;
    • Reg Tech;
    • Outsourcing and cloud computing;
    • Distributed ledger technology;
    • Role of regulation and supervisors; and
    • Role of industry: standards and interoperability
29/09/2020 ESMA WP-2020-3 ESMA working paper on DVC mechanism and impact on EU equity markets , Report PDF
535.76 KB
18/02/2021 ESMA WP-2021-03 ESMA working paper on MiFID II research unbundling Report PDF
1.18 MB

Presentation given during the Webinar organised on 25 February 2021

ESMA50-165-1308_RESEARCH_UNBUNDLING_PRESENTATION.PDF (europa.eu)

29/06/2020 ESMA50-164-3463 ESMA’s response to the European Commission’s Consultation on a New Digital Finance Strategy for Europe Report PDF
380.54 KB
05/02/2016 2016/234 ESMA’s supervision of credit rating agencies and trade repositories- 2015 annual report and 2016 work plan. , Report PDF
2.08 MB

The European Securities and Markets Authority’s (ESMA) annual report and work programme has been prepared according to Article 21 of Regulation 1060/2009 on credit rating agencies as amended (the CRA Regulation) and Article 85 of Regulation 648/2012 on OTC derivatives, central counterparties and trade repositories (EMIR). It highlights the direct supervisory activities carried out by ESMA during 2015 regarding credit rating agencies (CRAs) and trade repositories (TRs) and outlines ESMA’s main priorities in these areas for 2016.

ESMA adopts a risk-based approach to the supervision of CRAs and TRs in accordance with its overall objectives of promoting financial stability and orderly markets and enhancing investor protection. This risk-based approach requires the analysis of information from a variety of sources and the application of multiple supervisory tools including day-to-day supervision, cycle of engagement meetings with supervised entities, on-site inspections and dedicated investigations.

In order to build on the expertise that ESMA has developed through its supervision of CRAs and TRs, ESMA created a single Supervision Department in November 2015. ESMA intends to draw on the best practices identified from the supervision of both types of entity to further enhance its supervisory effectiveness in future.

06/04/2021 ESMA74-362-1853 Final report Draft Guidelines On periodic information to be submitted to ESMA by Trade Repositories , , Final Report PDF
221.11 KB
08/01/2019 ESMA33-128-557 Final report on draft technical standards on cooperation, exchange of information and notification between competent authorities and ESMA, the EBA and EIOPA under the Securitisation Regulation Final Report PDF
609.03 KB
28/03/2022 ESMA70-445-38 Final Report on Emission allowances and associated derivatives , Final Report PDF
3.19 MB
18/12/2020 ESMA50-157-2403 Final report on Guidelines on outsourcing to cloud service providers Final Report PDF
384.63 KB
03/05/2019 ESMA35-43-1737 Final report on integrating sustainability risks and factors in the MIFID II , , Final Report PDF
371.73 KB
03/05/2019 ESMA34-45-688 Final report on integrating sustainability risks and factors in the UCITS Directive and the AIFMD , Final Report PDF
483.4 KB
16/07/2018 ESMA33-128-477 Final Report on STS notification Report PDF
1.5 MB
12/10/2021 ESMA82-402-683 Final Report on STS notification for synthetic securitisations Final Report PDF
795.09 KB