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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
21/02/2012 2012/113 Questions and Answers- A Common Definition of European Money Market Funds- updated February 2012 Q&A PDF
83.79 KB
The purpose of this document is to promote common supervisory approaches and practices in the application of the guidelines on a Common Definition of European Money Market Funds developed by CESR by providing responses to questions posed by the general public and competent authorities. The content of this document is aimed at competent authorities to ensure that in their supervisory activities their actions are converging along the lines of the responses adopted by ESMA. However, the answers are also intended to help management companies by providing clarity as to the content of CESR’s guidelines on a Common Definition of European Money Market Funds, rather than creating an extra layer of requirements.
01/10/2012 2012/641 ESMA approves Axesor S.A. as a credit rating agency , Statement PDF
83.07 KB
20/03/2013 2013/336 ESMA certifies Kroll Bond Rating Agency to operate in the EU Statement PDF
76.36 KB
07/11/2014 2014/1345 ESMA certifies HR Ratings de México to operate in the EU Statement PDF
87.87 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has formally approved the certification in the European Union of HR Ratings de México, S.A. de C.V. (HR Ratings), a Mexican credit rating agency (CRA), under Article 16 of the CRA Regulation. The certification takes effect from 7 November 2014.
24/11/2014 2014/1399 Public Statement- ESMA approves Moody’s Investors Service EMEA Limited as a credit rating agency Statement PDF
134.62 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has approved the registration of Moody’s Investors Service EMEA Limited, based in the UK, as a credit rating agency (CRA) under Article 16 of the CRA Regulation. The registration takes effect from 24th November 2014. Moody’s Investors Service EMEA Limited’s registration as a CRA means that its credit ratings can be used for regulatory purposes under EU legislation. This is the seventh entity in the Moody’s Investors Service group to be registered as an EU Registered Credit Rating Agency.
12/12/2014 2014/1486 Public Statement- ESMA certifies Egan-Jones Ratings Co. to operate in the EU Statement PDF
88.76 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has formally approved the certification in the European Union of Egan-Jones Ratings Co. (EJR), an U.S. American credit rating agency (CRA), under Article 16 of the CRA Regulation. The certification takes effect from 12 December 2014.EJR is headquartered in Haverford (Pennsylvania, USA) and is subject to registration, supervision and enforcement by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission as a “Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organization”.
07/05/2014 2014/477 ESMA approves EuroRating as a credit rating agency Statement PDF
75.01 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has approved the registration of EuroRating Sp. z o.o., based in Poland, as a credit rating agency (CRA) under Article 16 of the CRA Regulation. The registration takes effect from 7 May 2014.
03/06/2014 2014/544 Decision to adopt a supervisory measure taking the form of a public notice in accordance with Articles 23e(5) and 24 of Regulation (EC) No 1060/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 September 2009 on credit rating agencies Decision PDF
49.36 KB
Decision to adopt a supervisory measure taking the form of a public notice in accordance with Articles 23e(5) and 24 of Regulation (EC) No 1060/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 September 2009 on credit rating agencies The Board of Supervisors (“Board”), Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“Treaty”) Having regard to Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 establishing a European Supervisory Authority (European Securities and Markets Authority), amending Decision No 716/2009/EC and repealing Commission Decision 2009/77/EC (“ESMA Regulation”), and in particular Article 43(2) and Article 44(1) thereof Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1060/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 September 2009 on credit rating agencies (“CRA Regulation”), in particular Articles 6(2), 23e, 24, 25 thereof Having regard to Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 946/2012 of 12 July 2012 supplementing Regulation (EC) No 1060/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to rules of procedure on fines imposed to credit rating agencies by the European Securities and Markets Authority, including rules on the right of defence and temporal provisions (“Procedural Regulation”), in particular Article 3(4) thereof Whereas: (1) On the basis of the file containing the investigating officer’s findings and after examination of the submissions of Standard & Poor’s Credit Market Services France SAS and Standard & Poor’s Credit Market Services Europe Limited the Board finds that the registered credit rating agencies Standard & Poor’s Credit Market Services France SAS and Standard & Poor’s Credit Market Services Europe Limited have committed the infringements listed in paragraphs 12 and 18 of Annex III.I of the CRA Regulation. (2) The Board considers that the evidence before it does not allow it to establish that Standard & Poor’s Credit Market Services France SAS and Standard & Poor’s Credit Market Services Europe Limited acted intentionally or negligently as required by Article 36a(1) of the CRA Regulation in order for the Board to impose a fine. (3) The Board thus decides to adopt a supervisory measure taking the form of a public notice in accordance with Article 24 of the CRA Regulation. Has adopted this decision: Article 1 The Board of Supervisors finds that the registered credit rating agencies Standard & Poor’s Credit Market Services France SAS and Standard & Poor’s Credit Market Services Europe Limited have committed the infringements listed in paragraphs 12 and 18 of Annex III.I of Regulation (EC) No 1060/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 September 2009 on credit rating agencies. Article 2 The Board of Supervisors takes the decision to adopt a supervisory measure taking the form of the following public notice, in accordance with Articles 23e(5) and 24 of Regulation (EC) No 1060/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 September 2009 on credit rating agencies.
29/06/2015 2015/1048 Public Notice- ESMA fines DBRS Ratings Limited Decision PDF
186.47 KB
27/10/2015 2015/1605 Public Statement- INC Rating registration FINAL Statement PDF
136.3 KB
01/12/2015 2015/1778 Public Statement- Expert RA registration Statement PDF
123.49 KB
13/07/2016 2016/1122 Feedback Statement on the Discussion Paper on the validation and review of CRAs’ methodologies Statement PDF
477.03 KB
21/07/2016 2016/1131 BoS Decision on Fitch Ratings Limited 21 July 2016 , Decision PDF
108.21 KB
21/07/2016 2016/1159 Public notice- Infrigement by Fitch , Statement PDF
324.96 KB
30/09/2016 2016/1408 ESMA appoints new chairs to Standing Committees , , , Statement PDF
141.3 KB

The Board of Supervisors of the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has appointed the following individuals to serve as chairs of its standing committees:

  • Hannelore Lausch, Executive Director of the Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht (BaFin), Germany, will chair the Market Data Standing Committee;
  • Cyril Roux, Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Ireland (CBI, will chair the Investment Management Standing Committee; and
  • Merel van Vroonhoven, Chair of the Autoriteit Financiële Markten (AFM), Netherlands, will chair the Investor Protection and Intermediaries Standing Committee.

The standing committees are expert groups drawn from ESMA staff and the national competent authorities for securities markets regulation in the Member States, and are responsible for the development of policy in their respective areas.  The appointments are for a period of two years and commence with immediate effect.

21/11/2016 2016/1586 Questions and Answers on UCITS Directive Q&A PDF
454.07 KB
02/02/2016 2016/165 Public Statement- Supervisory work on potential closet index tracking Statement PDF
258.17 KB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is issuing this statement to inform stakeholders and especially investors about the potential for some European collective investment funds to be ‘closet index trackers’, and to give details on the work that ESMA has been doing in this context.

Introduction

  1. ESMA’s attention was drawn to an alleged practice in the European collective investment management industry whereby asset managers claim, according to their fund rules and investor information documentation, to manage their funds in an active manner while the funds are, in fact, staying very close to a benchmark and therefore implementing an investment strategy which requires less input from the investment manager. At the same time, it is alleged that these funds charge management fees in line with those of funds that are considered to be actively managed[1]. This practice is commonly referred to as ‘closet indexing’ or ‘index hugging’.
  2. In many EU Member States, NCAs have launched or are in the process of launching specific investigations, in addition to their regular monitoring and supervisory functions, to determine the potential extent of closet indexing in their jurisdictions, with a focus on equity funds at this stage. At the same time, the issue has been the subject of considerable attention by investor protection groups and the media throughout the European Union.

Reasons for issuing this statement

  1. The issues around ‘closet indexing’ form part of a broader issue on the effectiveness of investor disclosure and the legitimate expectations of investors in respect of the service provided by some asset managers. Nonetheless, the potential practice of closet indexing in Europe raises questions that merit closer analysis. The analysis carried out by ESMA (see paragraphs 9 to 16 for more details) indicates that there might be a small, but not insignificant number of funds in the EU equity fund sector that may be closet index trackers. If the existence of this practice were to be confirmed by further supervisory scrutiny carried out at national level, this could mean that:
  1. investors could be making investment decisions based on an expectation that they will be provided with a more active fund management service than they receive in practice and, therefore, may be paying higher management fees than that usually envisaged for a passive/not significantly active management service;
  2. investors may be exposed to a different risk/return profile than they expect; and
  3. some asset managers may not provide clear descriptions of how funds are managed in key disclosure documents such as the fund’s Prospectus and Key Investor Information Document (KIID).
  1. ESMA considers it important that fund managers take their commitments in disclosure documents seriously. Managers should expect supervisory consequences where evidence for incorrect disclosures is proven.
 

[1] ESMA recognises that management fees may depend on a number of factors.

16/12/2016 2016/1669 2016-1669 Q&A on AIFMD Q&A PDF
436.68 KB
31/05/2016 2016/774 Q&A on the Application of the EuSEF and EuVECA Regulations Q&A PDF
212.93 KB
25/11/2020 70-155-8842 ESMA statement on DTO Final , Statement PDF
79.5 KB

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