ESMA LIBRARY

The ESMA Library contains all ESMA documents. Please use the search and filter options to find specific documents.
100
DOCUMENTS

REFINE YOUR SEARCH

Sections

Type of document

Your filters
SMSG Advice X Reference X Report X Risk Analysis & Economics - Markets Infrastructure Investors X Credit Rating Agencies X
Reset all filters

Pages

Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
19/07/2012 2011/454 MOU on the supervision of CRAs- ESMA and ASIC , Reference PDF
4 MB
This document contains two copies of the MOU, signed by ESMA and by the ASIC.
19/07/2012 2012/124 MOU on the supervision of CRAs- ESMA and MAS , Reference PDF
574.14 KB
19/07/2012 MOU SFC ESMA MOU on the supervision of CRAs- ESMA and SFC Hong Kong , Reference PDF
497.63 KB
19/07/2012 MOU SEC ESMA MOU on the supervision of CRAs- ESMA and SEC , Reference PDF
306.87 KB
19/07/2012 MOU CNV ESMA MOU on the supervision of CRAs- ESMA and CNV Argentina , Reference PDF
169.13 KB
19/07/2012 MOU Canada ESMA MOU on the supervision of CRAs- ESMA and Canadian authorities , Reference PDF
139.68 KB
11/01/2013 EBA/REC/2013/01 EBA Recommendations on supervisory oversight of activities related to banks’ participation in the Euribor panel Reference PDF
207.84 KB
23/01/2013 2013/87 2013 CRA supervision and policy work plan Reference PDF
114.95 KB
18/02/2013 MOU ESMA/DFSA MOU on the supervision of CRAs- ESMA and Dubai FSA , Reference PDF
181.09 KB
16/12/2013 2013/1933 CRAs’ Market share calculation according to Article 8d of the CRA Regulation Reference PDF
181.17 KB
28/02/2014 2014/205 Call for expressions of interest: Group of Economic Advisers for ESMA’s Committee for Economic and Markets Analysis Reference PDF
158.95 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is seeking to appoint new members to its Group of Economic Advisors (GEA) for the Committee for Economic and Markets Analysis (CEMA). This follows the expiry of the term of the current GEA. CEMA has established the GEA in order to benefit from the expertise of stakeholders specialised in the topics of financial stability and general economic research related to financial markets. CEMA looks to this group to provide it with advice regarding our work related to financial stability and economic background analysis for the regulatory and supervisory tasks of ESMA. The closing date for application is 25 April 2014.  Application form
11/06/2014 ESMA/WP/2 ESMA Working Paper- The systemic dimension of hedge fund illiquidity and prime brokerage Reference PDF
839.63 KB
We analyse the potentially vulnerable and systemically relevant financial intermediation chain established by hedge funds and prime brokers. Our dataset covers the 306 largest global hedge funds and their prime brokers over the period July 2001 to December 2011. The study illustrates that hedge funds and prime brokers act as complementary trading partners in normal times. However, we observe that this form of financial intermediation may be severely impaired in times of market distress. This can be explained by the hoarding of liquid securities by prime brokers who are eager to avert runs by their clients.
11/06/2014 ESMA/WP/1 ESMA Working Paper- Monitoring the European CDS market through networks: Implications for contagion risks Reference PDF
1005.17 KB
Based on a unique data set referencing exposures on single name credit default swaps (CDS) on European reference entities, we study the structure and the topology of the European CDS market and its evolution from 2008 to 2012, resorting to network analysis. The structural features revealed show bilateral CDS exposures describing growing scale-free networks whose highly interconnected hubs constitute both a strength and weakness for the stability of the system. The potential “super spreaders” of financial contagion, identified as the most interconnected participants, consist mostly of banks. For some of them net notional exposures may be particularly large relative to their total common equity. Our findings also point to the importance of some non-dealer/non-bank participants belonging to the shadow banking system.
22/12/2014 2014/1583 Credit Rating Agencies’ 2014 market share calculations for the purposes of Article 8d of the CRA Regulation Reference PDF
330 KB
One of the objectives of the CRA Regulation is to increase competition in the markets for credit ratings by encouraging issuers to use smaller credit rating agencies. To this end, Article 8d(1) of the CRA Regulation states that where issuers or related third parties intend to appoint at least two CRAs to rate an issuance or entity, they shall consider appointing at least one CRA with no more than 10% of the total market share. They will consider this where the issuer or related third party finds that such a CRA is capable of rating the relevant issuance or entity and there is such a CRA available to rate the issuance or entity in question. Where it is not possible to appoint at least one CRA with no more than 10% of the total market share, the issuer or related third party shall document this. The obligations in Article 8d are supervised and enforced at national level by sectoral competent authorities. To help issuers and related third parties carry out this evaluation, Article 8d(2) of the CRA Regulation requires ESMA to publish a list of CRAs registered in the European Union (EU) on its website every year, indicating their total market share and the types of credit ratings issued.
15/01/2015 ESMA/WP/2015/1 ESMA Working Paper- Real-world and risk-neutral probabilities in the regulation on the transparency of structured products Reference PDF
480.24 KB
The price of derivatives (and hence of structured products) can be calculated as the discounted value of expected future payoffs, assuming standard hypotheses on frictionless and complete markets and on the type of stochastic processes for the price of the underlying. However, the probabilities used in the pricing process do not represent “real” probabilities of future events, because they are based on the assumption that market participants are risk-neutral. This paper reviews the relevant mathematical finance literature, and clarifies that the risk-neutrality hypothesis is acceptable for pricing, but not to forecast the future value of an asset. Therefore, we argue that regulatory initiatives that mandate intermediaries to give retail investors information on the probability that, at a future date, the value of a derivative will be higher or lower than a given threshold (so-called “probability scenarios”) should explicitly reference probabilities that take into account the risk premium (so-called “real-world” probabilities). We also argue that, though probability scenarios may look appealing to foster investor protection, their practical implementation, if based on the right economic approach, raises significant regulatory and enforcement problems.
10/07/2015 2015/1174 Public statement- ESMA registers modeFinance as credit rating agency Reference PDF
107.03 KB
14/09/2015 2015/1291 Risk Dashboard No. 3, 2105 Reference PDF
848.31 KB
17/11/2015 2015/1736 form_to_reply_vr_cra Reference DOCX
783.87 KB
11/12/2015 2015/1870 Registration form Open Hearing on Discussion Paper Reference DOCX
334.56 KB
16/12/2015 2015/1882 Risk Dashboard No. 4, 2015 Reference PDF
931.3 KB

Pages