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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
18/12/2014 2014/1560 Advice- Investment-based crowdfunding Final Report PDF
482.2 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind.  Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in sections 1 to 6 of this document.
01/07/2015 2015/1005 Questions and Answers: Investment-based crowdfunding: money laundering/terrorist financing Q&A PDF
157.73 KB
21/05/2015 2015/856 Ann1 Investment-based crowdfunding- Insights from regulators in the EU Final Report PDF
319.65 KB
08/10/2015 2015/MB/49 Summary of Conclusion 23 June 2015 meeting of the Management Board Summary of Conclusions PDF
153.07 KB
30/11/2015 2015/MB/60rev SoC Management Board 23 September 2015 Summary of Conclusions PDF
64.17 KB
16/12/2015 2015/MB/69 SoC 4 November meeting of the Management Board Summary of Conclusions PDF
63.93 KB
19/12/2016 2016/JCESA QA Questions and Answers on Big Data Q&A PDF
333.65 KB
05/04/2016 2016/MB/18rev1 Summary of conclusions MB meeting 26/01/2016 Summary of Conclusions PDF
207.02 KB
26/05/2016 2016/MB/35rev1 Summary of conclusions MB meeting 22/03/2016 Summary of Conclusions PDF
147.69 KB
29/01/2016 2016/MB/3rev1 SoC Management Board December 2015 Summary of Conclusions PDF
159.29 KB
10/11/2016 2016/MB/80rev1 Summary of Conclusions Management Board meeting 27/09/2016 Summary of Conclusions PDF
328.13 KB
16/12/2016 2016/MB/90rev1 Summary of Conclusions Management Board meeting 08/11/2016 Summary of Conclusions PDF
229.26 KB
14/12/2015 EBA/Op/2015/20 Report on investment firms Final Report PDF
1.2 MB
09/03/2016 ESAs/2016/21 RTS on Risk Mitigation LegisWrite Final Report PDF
419.38 KB
09/03/2016 ESAs/2016/22 Annexes to RTS on Risk Mitigation LegisWrite Final Report PDF
297.23 KB
09/03/2016 ESAs/2016/23 Final Draft RTS on Risk Mitigation Techniques final Final Report PDF
705.82 KB
09/03/2016 ESAs/2016/24 FeedbackTable CP1 and CP2 RTS OTC 01022016 Final Report PDF
1.14 MB
16/07/2018 ESMA22-106-1021 Summary of Conclusions Management Board meeting 23 May 2018 Summary of Conclusions PDF
179.28 KB
27/09/2018 ESMA22-106-1079 Summary of Conclusions Management Board meeting 10 July 2018 Summary of Conclusions PDF
246.68 KB
07/11/2018 ESMA22-106-1339 Summary of Conclusions Management Board meeting 25 September 2018 Summary of Conclusions PDF
235.38 KB

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