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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
21/02/2012 2012/113 Questions and Answers- A Common Definition of European Money Market Funds- updated February 2012 Q&A PDF
83.79 KB
The purpose of this document is to promote common supervisory approaches and practices in the application of the guidelines on a Common Definition of European Money Market Funds developed by CESR by providing responses to questions posed by the general public and competent authorities. The content of this document is aimed at competent authorities to ensure that in their supervisory activities their actions are converging along the lines of the responses adopted by ESMA. However, the answers are also intended to help management companies by providing clarity as to the content of CESR’s guidelines on a Common Definition of European Money Market Funds, rather than creating an extra layer of requirements.
02/02/2016 2016/165 Public Statement- Supervisory work on potential closet index tracking Statement PDF
258.17 KB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is issuing this statement to inform stakeholders and especially investors about the potential for some European collective investment funds to be ‘closet index trackers’, and to give details on the work that ESMA has been doing in this context.

Introduction

  1. ESMA’s attention was drawn to an alleged practice in the European collective investment management industry whereby asset managers claim, according to their fund rules and investor information documentation, to manage their funds in an active manner while the funds are, in fact, staying very close to a benchmark and therefore implementing an investment strategy which requires less input from the investment manager. At the same time, it is alleged that these funds charge management fees in line with those of funds that are considered to be actively managed[1]. This practice is commonly referred to as ‘closet indexing’ or ‘index hugging’.
  2. In many EU Member States, NCAs have launched or are in the process of launching specific investigations, in addition to their regular monitoring and supervisory functions, to determine the potential extent of closet indexing in their jurisdictions, with a focus on equity funds at this stage. At the same time, the issue has been the subject of considerable attention by investor protection groups and the media throughout the European Union.

Reasons for issuing this statement

  1. The issues around ‘closet indexing’ form part of a broader issue on the effectiveness of investor disclosure and the legitimate expectations of investors in respect of the service provided by some asset managers. Nonetheless, the potential practice of closet indexing in Europe raises questions that merit closer analysis. The analysis carried out by ESMA (see paragraphs 9 to 16 for more details) indicates that there might be a small, but not insignificant number of funds in the EU equity fund sector that may be closet index trackers. If the existence of this practice were to be confirmed by further supervisory scrutiny carried out at national level, this could mean that:
  1. investors could be making investment decisions based on an expectation that they will be provided with a more active fund management service than they receive in practice and, therefore, may be paying higher management fees than that usually envisaged for a passive/not significantly active management service;
  2. investors may be exposed to a different risk/return profile than they expect; and
  3. some asset managers may not provide clear descriptions of how funds are managed in key disclosure documents such as the fund’s Prospectus and Key Investor Information Document (KIID).
  1. ESMA considers it important that fund managers take their commitments in disclosure documents seriously. Managers should expect supervisory consequences where evidence for incorrect disclosures is proven.
 

[1] ESMA recognises that management fees may depend on a number of factors.

31/05/2016 2016/774 Q&A on the Application of the EuSEF and EuVECA Regulations Q&A PDF
212.93 KB
20/06/2016 2016/940 Statement by Steven Maijoor at ECON MiFID II/MiFIR Scrutiny Session, 21 June 2016 , Statement PDF
235.65 KB
30/09/2016 2016/1408 ESMA appoints new chairs to Standing Committees , , , Statement PDF
141.3 KB

The Board of Supervisors of the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has appointed the following individuals to serve as chairs of its standing committees:

  • Hannelore Lausch, Executive Director of the Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht (BaFin), Germany, will chair the Market Data Standing Committee;
  • Cyril Roux, Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Ireland (CBI, will chair the Investment Management Standing Committee; and
  • Merel van Vroonhoven, Chair of the Autoriteit Financiële Markten (AFM), Netherlands, will chair the Investor Protection and Intermediaries Standing Committee.

The standing committees are expert groups drawn from ESMA staff and the national competent authorities for securities markets regulation in the Member States, and are responsible for the development of policy in their respective areas.  The appointments are for a period of two years and commence with immediate effect.

21/11/2016 2016/1586 Questions and Answers on UCITS Directive Q&A PDF
454.07 KB
16/12/2016 2016/1669 2016-1669 Q&A on AIFMD Q&A PDF
436.68 KB
19/12/2016 2016/1673 2016-1673 Q&A on MiFID II commodity derivatives topics Q&A PDF
338.93 KB
28/09/2017 ESMA70-154-356 Public statement- Joint work plan of ESMA and NCAs for opinions on MiFID II pre-trade transparency waivers and position limits Statement PDF
165.66 KB
29/09/2017 ESMA71-99-602 ESMA appoints new chairs to Standing Committees , , , , , , , Statement PDF
143.69 KB
14/12/2017 ESMA70-151-957 MiFID II Q&A on post-trading issues , Q&A PDF
280.02 KB
20/12/2017 ESMA70-145-401 ESMA statement for smooth implementation of LEI Statement PDF
134.04 KB
20/06/2018 ESMA70-145-872 Public statement on LEI Statement PDF
134.89 KB
17/07/2018 ESMA70-154-651 Application form- SMSC CWG Renewal 2018 Vacancy DOCX
37.81 KB
17/07/2018 ESMA70-154-652 Call for expressions of interest- SMSC CWG Renewal Vacancy PDF
263.08 KB
11/10/2018 ESMA70-155-5775 Delegation third country TV post trade transparency , Decision PDF
219.76 KB
11/10/2018 ESMA70-155-5905 Delegation_from_the_BoardofSupervisors_opinions on third country TV_PositionLimits , Decision PDF
222.28 KB
07/11/2018 ESMA71-99-1058 ESMA new SC chairs , , Statement PDF
142.32 KB
11/01/2019 ESMA33-128-577 Statement on Securitisation implementation Statement PDF
324.46 KB
30/01/2019 ESMA71-99-1095 New IMSC Chair , Statement PDF
85.59 KB