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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
18/12/2014 2014/1560 Advice- Investment-based crowdfunding Final Report PDF
482.2 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind.  Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in sections 1 to 6 of this document.
15/11/2018 ESMA70-145-1081 Annual report on administrative and criminal sanctions and other administrative measures under MAR , Annual Report PDF
158.47 KB
23/11/2021 ESMA70-156-4673 Annual Report on MAR administrative and criminal sanctions 2021 Annual Report PDF
338.34 KB
12/01/2012 2012/3 Annual report on the application of the Regulation on credit rating agencies as provided by Article 21(5) and Article 39a of the Regulation (EU) No 1060/2009 as amended by Regulation No 1095/2010 Final Report PDF
141.98 KB
This is the first report under the new CRA regulation, however, please note that CESR published a report about the application of the Regulation in the EU and, in particular, on the implementation of the requirements established in Annex I of the Regulation on 6 December 2010 (CESR/10-1424), according to Article 21(4) of the Regulation which was subsequently amended by Regulation No (EC) 513/2011. At the time of publication, 16 CRA's have been registered.
18/03/2013 2013/308 Annual report on the application of the Regulation on credit rating agencies- 2012 Final Report PDF
601.08 KB
This is the second annual report on the application of the Credit Rating Agencies Regulation. 
28/02/2008 08-099 CESR Executive summary to the report on administrative measures and sanctions as well as the criminal sanctions available in Member States under the Market Abuse Directive Final Report PDF
874.1 KB
04/12/2019 ESMA70-21038340-46 Compliance table for the Guidelines on market making activities under the Short Selling Regulation , , Compliance table PDF
267.48 KB
24/11/2021 ESMA50-164-5210 Compliance table on Guidelines on outsourcing to cloud service providers , Compliance table PDF
172.51 KB
13/02/2020 ESMA70-145-66 Compliance table regarding MAR guidelines for persons receiving market soundings , Compliance table PDF
138.03 KB
04/02/2019 ESMA70-145-67 Compliance table regarding MAR guidelines on delay in the disclosure of inside information , Compliance table PDF
177.87 KB
04/02/2019 ESMA70-145-153 Compliance table- MAR Guidelines on information relating to commodity derivatives markets or related spot markets for the purpose of the definition of inside information on commodity derivatives , , Compliance table PDF
179.29 KB
28/09/2015 2015/1455 CBA Cost analysis for Final Report on MAR technical standards Final Report PDF
2.59 MB
14/12/2020 ESMA 33-9-383 CRA Market Share Calculation 2020 Annual Report PDF
511.26 KB
04/12/2018 ESMA33-9-281 CRA market share report Annual Report PDF
827.25 KB
21/02/2014 2014/151 Credit Rating Agencies Annual Report 2013 Final Report PDF
507.61 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published its Annual Report 2013 (Report) on credit rating agencies (CRAs) in the European Union (EU). The Report also outlines ESMA’s supervisory work plan for this year. ESMA has found that CRAs continue to progress in how they comply with the CRA Regulation, including improved internal transparency and disclosure to the market on credit rating activities as well as empowerment of the compliance function. However, ESMA considers that improvements are still necessary, notably in the following areas: • validation of rating methodologies, to ensure that a credit rating assessment is a comprehensive risk assessment leading to high quality ratings; • internal governance, ensuring the full independence of the internal review function and thereby reducing the risk of potential conflict of interest; and • robust IT systems to support the rating process, including information security controls and protection of confidential rating information. These issues form the basis for much of ESMA’s supervision activities as outlined in its 2014 work plan. This includes the completion of the two on-going supervisory reviews into CRAs’ monitoring of structured finance ratings and into small and medium-sized CRAs. A new thematic investigation on how CRAs review and validate their rating methodologies will also be launched, as well as dedicated work on CRAs’ IT systems and controls. Following the entry into force of the amended CRA Regulation in June 2013, ESMA will also complete a specific assessment on CRAs’ compliance with the new regulatory requirements.
24/06/2014 2014/685 Draft Regulatory Technical Standards under the CRA3 Regulation Technical Standards PDF
2.39 MB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published its Final Report on draft Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS) required under the Credit Rating Agencies (CRA3) Regulation regarding information on transparency of structured finance instruments, the European Rating Platform and periodic reporting of fees charged by credit rating agencies. The draft RTS, which complement the existing regulatory framework for credit rating agencies (CRAs), cover: • disclosure requirements on structured finance instruments (SFIs); • the European Rating Platform (ERP); and • the periodic reporting on fees charged by CRAs.
30/03/2012 2012/228 Draft technical standards on the Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council on short selling and certain aspects of credit default swaps Technical Standards PDF
1.02 MB
Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March on short selling and certain aspects of credit default swaps (the Regulation)  requires ESMA to develop draft regulatory (RTS) and implementing technical standards (ITS) in relation to several provisions contained in Articles 9, 11, 12 and 16 of the Regulation. The draft RTS and ITS will be submitted to the European Commission by 31 March 2012. The Commission has three months to decide whether to endorse ESMAs draft technical standards. A further regulatory technical standard, on the method of calculation of the fall in value of a financial instrument required under Article 24(8) of the Regulation will be submitted together with the technical advice in the course of April 2012.
18/12/2015 2015/1879 ESMA CRA Market Share Calculation Final Report PDF
586.38 KB
19/02/2019 ESMA80-199-273 ESMA supervision 2019 work plan and annual report 2018 Annual Report PDF
622.46 KB
16/02/2015 2015/280 ESMA supervision of Credit Rating Agencies and Trade Repositories , , Annual Report PDF
891.95 KB
This document reports on the direct supervisory activities carried out by ESMA during 2014 regarding credit rating agencies (CRAs) and trade repositories (TRs) within the European Union (EU). It sets out ESMAs key areas of action during 2014 and outlines ESMA’s main priorities for 2015.

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