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|15/03/2018||15-3-18||ESAs weigh benefits and risks of Big Data||Innovation and Products, Press Releases||Press Release||PDF
|18/12/2014||2014/1568||Press Release- Investment-based crowdfunding needs EU-wide common approach||Innovation and Products, Press Releases||Press Release||PDF
|The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published an Opinion along with an Advice on Investment-based crowdfunding. The Opinion clarifies the EU rules applicable to crowdfunding, while the Advice highlights issues for consideration by the EU institutions to achieve greater regulatory and supervisory convergence within the EU.The Opinion is addressed to the national competent authorities (NCA) and provides clarity on how crowdfunding business models fit within the existing EU regulatory framework. It outlines how existing EU rules are likely to apply to crowdfunding platforms, depending on the precise business model used. It also provides guidance to NCAs who may be considering how to regulate platforms operating outside the scope of the harmonised EU rules on the key risks inherent to crowdfunding and the key components of a regulatory regime to address them.The Advice, addressed to the EU institutions – Commission, Parliament and Council, highlights the concern that strong incentives currently exist for crowdfunding platforms to structure their business models to fall outside the scope of regulation and asks them to consider policy options to reduce these incentives. Avoiding regulation presents risks to investor protection and makes it harder for platforms to grow their businesses.Steven Maijoor, ESMA Chair, said: “ESMA’s aim is to enable crowdfunding to reach its potential as a source of finance, while ensuring that risks to users of crowdfunding platforms are identified and addressed in a proportionate and convergent way across the EU. “We believe that there are benefits both for investors as well as for platforms by operating inside rather than outside the regulated space. Opinion to National Competent AuthoritiesConsidering the diverse business models used within investment-based crowdfunding and depending on the precise structures used different EU legislation may apply. The Opinion sets out an analysis of how the main business models map across existing EU rules, e.g., the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID), the Prospectus Directive, the Directive for Alternative Investment Fund Managers (AIFMD) and other financial and banking regulations. In addition, the Opinion outlines what ESMA believes should be the key components of an appropriate regulatory regime for investment-based crowdfunding activities. ESMA’s Advice to the EU InstitutionsThe Advice to the EU institutions highlights gaps and issues in the current applicable regime where policymakers could consider taking action to ensure there is a regime protecting investors while also fit for purpose for crowdfunding platforms. These gaps and issues include: the impact of the Prospects Directive thresholds; capital requirements and the use of the MiFID optional exemption; and the potential development of a specific EU crowdfunding regime, in particular for those platforms that currently operate outside of the scope of MiFID The Opinion and Advice have been prepared in collaboration with and input from the European Banking Authority (EBA) on the regulation that falls within its scope of action, i.e. the Payment Services Directive, and constitute the first output of a co-ordinated programme of work with the next expected output being a publication by EBA on lending-based crowdfunding. In line with their respective remits, ESMA has focused on investment-based crowdfunding, while EBA has focused on lending-based crowdfunding.|
|27/03/2014||2014/334||ESMA issues good practices for structured retail product governance||MiFID - Investor Protection, Innovation and Products||Press Release||PDF
|The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published an opinion on structured retail products, setting out good practices for firms when manufacturing and distributing these products.|
|21/12/2016||2016/1682||2016-1682 Press Release on Feedback Statement on ESEF||Corporate Disclosure, European Single Electronic Format, Press Releases, Transparency||Press Release||PDF
|05/02/2016||2016/247||ESMA to focus on governance, strategy, data and fees in 2016 supervision||Credit Rating Agencies, Press Releases, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has today published its 2016 supervisory priorities for credit rating agencies (CRAs) and trade repositories (TRs), as well as its annual report summarising the key supervisory work and actions undertaken during 2015.
2016 Supervisory Priorities
ESMA has seen a number of changes in the CRA and TR industries during 2015, with new applicants for registration in both sectors, and current authorised entities seeking to develop their businesses. This has included CRAs providing credit ratings on new asset classes or in new geographic areas, and TRs offering trade reporting services for other instrument types.
ESMA identifies its supervisory priorities on the basis of risk assessment exercises conducted throughout the year. In 2015 these identified high levels of governance and strategy risk, and operational risk in the CRA industry and high levels of risk associated with TRs’ data and systems. Therefore, in 2016 ESMA will focus its supervisory activities on:
Steven Maijoor, ESMA Chair, said:
“The credit rating and trade repository industries continue to evolve and develop. We are receiving new applications for registration and existing entities are seeking to develop their businesses by expanding into new areas. ESMA supports these developments where they contribute to the maintenance of stable and orderly financial markets.
“For this reason, in 2016 ESMA will focus its work on the quality of the services being provided by supervised entities. This means we will concentrate on issues surrounding CRA governance, strategy and ratings quality, along with data quality and access to TRs’ data with a broad focus on the fee structures and information security in both industries.”
2015 Annual Supervisory Review – CRAs and TRs
In 2015, following its risk-based approach, ESMA focused its supervisory efforts on CRAs’ governance, risk management and internal decision making and on CRAs’ business development processes. Some notable achievements were:
The key risks TR supervision focused on in 2015 related to the quality of TRs’ data, access to data held by TRs and the operation and performance of TRs’ systems. In 2015, ESMA continued working with TRs to implement the data quality action plan established in September 2014 including:
ESMA has also been monitoring National Competent Authorities’ (NCAs) access to TR data. It has entered into a number of Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) to help third country regulatory authorities access TR data and is developing an IT system to allow NCAs to submit data queries through a centralised web portal.
|31/03/2016||2016/408||Decision to adopt a supervisory measure taking the form of a public notice and to impose a fine in accordance with Statement of Findings in accordance with Articles 64(5), 65, 67 and 73 of Regulation (EC) No 648/2012 EMIR||Trade Repositories||Decision||PDF
Decision to adopt a supervisory measure taking the form of a public notice and to impose a fine in accordance with Statement of Findings in accordance with Articles 64(5), 65, 67 and 73 of Regulation (EC) No 648/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on OTC derivatives, central counterparties and trade repositories
Public notice regarding negligent breach by DTCC Derivatives Repository Ltd of its legal obligation to ensure immediate access for regulators to data reported under EMIR
DTCC Derivatives Repository Ltd (‘DDRL’) is a trade repository registered in the European Union and is part of the DTCC group which includes a number of companies providing post-trading services to the global financial services industry. DDRL was registered by ESMA as a trade repository under Regulation (EU) No 648/2012 on OTC derivatives, central counterparties and trade repositories (‘EMIR’) on 7 November 2013. ESMA has responsibilities for the supervision and enforcement of provisions under EMIR concerning DDRL and other trade repositories registered in the EU.
In May 2014, ESMA’s supervisory team became aware of delays in providing regulators with access to data reported to DDRL under EMIR. Following further examination, the supervisory team formed the view that there were serious indications of the possible existence of facts liable to constitute one or more of the infringements listed in EMIR. The matter was accordingly referred to an independent investigation officer (the ‘IIO’). The IIO considered the evidence referred to him and conducted further investigations, before submitting his findings to ESMA’s Board of Supervisors (the ‘ESMA Board’).
Based on the findings of the IIO and the evidence put before it, the ESMA Board found on 23 March 2016 that an examination of the facts showed that DDRL had committed the following infringement under EMIR and had done so negligently. DDRL committed an infringement of EMIR by not allowing regulators and supervisors direct and immediate access to the details of derivatives contracts they need to fulfil their responsibilities and mandates.
|31/03/2016||2016/468||ESMA fines DTCC Derivatives Repository Limited €64,000 for data access failures||Press Releases, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
ESMA fines DTCC Derivatives Repository Limited €64,000 for data access failures
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has fined the trade repository DTCC Derivatives Repository Limited (DDRL) €64,000, and issued a public notice, for negligently failing to put in place systems capable of providing regulators with direct and immediate access to derivatives trading data. This is a key requirement under the European Markets and Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) in order to improve transparency and facilitate the monitoring of systemic risks in derivatives markets.
This is the first time ESMA has taken enforcement action against a trade repository registered in the European Union (EU). DDRL is the largest EU registered trade repository.
ESMA found that DDRL failed to provide direct and immediate access to derivatives data from 21 March 2014 to 15 December 2014, a period of about nine months in which access delays increased from two days to 62 days after reporting and affected 2.6 billion reports. This was due to its negligence in:
DDRL’s failures caused delays to regulators accessing data, revealed systemic weaknesses in its organisation particularly its procedures, management systems or internal controls and negatively impacted the quality of the data it maintained.
|02/06/2016||2016/743||ESMA assesses usefulness of distributed ledger technologies||Innovation and Products, Press Releases, Risk Analysis & Economics - Markets Infrastructure Investors||Press Release||PDF
|18/12/2017||ESMA 71-99-670||New rules make EU issuers’ annual financial reports machine-readable||European Single Electronic Format||Press Release||PDF
|12/07/2021||ESMA41-356-187||Decision- DTCC Derivatives Repository||Board of Supervisors, Trade Repositories||Decision||PDF
|23/09/2021||ESMA41-356-233||Decision- UnaVista Limited||Trade Repositories||Decision||PDF
|24/03/2022||ESMA41-356-271||Decision of the Board of Supervisors to adopt supervisory measures and impose fines in respect of infringements committed by REGIS-TR, S.A||Board of Supervisors, Trade Repositories||Decision||PDF
|12/01/2017||ESMA71-844457584-322||ESMA calls for consistent application of MiFIR product intervention powers||Innovation and Products||Press Release||PDF
|02/02/2017||ESMA71-844457584-339||Press Release ESMA Supervision 2016 annual report and 2017 work programme||Credit Rating Agencies, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
|09/01/2019||ESMA71-99-1084||Crypto-assets need common EU-wide approach to ensure investor protection||Innovation and Products, Press Releases||Press Release||PDF
|01/02/2019||ESMA71-99-1096||ESMA and EU securities regulators MoUs with FCA||Board of Supervisors, Brexit, Credit Rating Agencies, Fund Management, Press Releases, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
|15/07/2019||ESMA71-99-1181||Press release: ESMA fines Regis-TR S.A. €56,000 for data access failures||Press Releases, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
|20/12/2019||ESMA71-99-1256||ESMA CRAs TRs thematic fees report||Press Releases, Supervisory convergence, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF
|17/01/2020||ESMA71-99-1275||Press Release- ESMA Consultation on Securitisation Reporting Data||Press Releases, Securitisation||Press Release||PDF
|09/03/2020||ESMA71-99-1287||ESMA Supervision WP 2020||Benchmarks, Credit Rating Agencies, Press Releases, Securities Financing Transactions, Securitisation, Trade Repositories||Press Release||PDF