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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
01/07/2015 2015/1005 Questions and Answers: Investment-based crowdfunding: money laundering/terrorist financing Q&A PDF
157.73 KB
02/02/2018 ESMA70-151-1179 Questions and Answers ESMA CCP Stress Test Q&A PDF
694.47 KB
09/11/2020 ESMA31-67-127 Question and answers on Transparency Directive (TD) , , , , Q&A PDF
352.79 KB
28/01/2022 ESMA74-362-893 QAs on SFTR data reporting , , Q&A PDF
398.17 KB
20/05/2022 ESMA70-156-4448 Q&As- Central Securities Depositories Regulation , Q&A PDF
647.98 KB
23/06/2022 ESMA70-145-111 Q&A on the Market Abuse Regulation , Q&A PDF
470.97 KB

The purpose of this document is to promote common supervisory approaches and practices in the application of MAR and its implementing measures. It does this by providing responses to questions posed by the general public and competent authorities in relation to the practical application of the MAR framework

The content of this document is aimed at competent authorities to ensure that in their supervisory activities and their actions are converging along the lines of the responses adopted by ESMA and at helping issuers, investors and other market participants by providing clarity on the content of the market abuse rules, rather than creating an extra layer of requirements.

11/04/2019 ESMA31-62-780 Q&A on Prospectus Related Topics , , , , , , Q&A PDF
957.9 KB
29/04/2016 2016/665 Q&A on ESMA’s EU-wide stress tests for CCPs Q&A PDF
269.98 KB
28/02/2022 ESMA70-1861941480-52 Q&A on EMIR implementation , Q&A PDF
1.46 MB
01/04/2016 2016/419 Q&A Market Abuse Directive Q&A PDF
175.08 KB
18/12/2015 2015/1871 Proxy advisors take steps towards increased transparency , , Press Release PDF
157.9 KB
25/03/2019 ESMA71-99-1133 Press release: ESMA registers UnaVista TRADEcho B.V. as trade repository , Press Release PDF
76.22 KB
12/12/2019 ESMA71-99-1263 Press release: ESMA calls for strengthened supervision on suspicious transaction reporting , Press Release PDF
100.61 KB
11/11/2019 ESMA71-99-1245 Press release: ESMA advises Commission on third-country CCPs , Press Release PDF
124.3 KB
18/12/2014 2014/1568 Press Release- Investment-based crowdfunding needs EU-wide common approach , Press Release PDF
155 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published an Opinion along with an Advice on Investment-based crowdfunding. The Opinion clarifies the EU rules applicable to crowdfunding, while the Advice highlights issues for consideration by the EU institutions to achieve greater regulatory and supervisory convergence within the EU.The Opinion is addressed to the national competent authorities (NCA) and provides clarity on how crowdfunding business models fit within the existing EU regulatory framework. It outlines how existing EU rules are likely to apply to crowdfunding platforms, depending on the precise business model used. It also provides guidance to NCAs who may be considering how to regulate platforms operating outside the scope of the harmonised EU rules on the key risks inherent to crowdfunding and the key components of a regulatory regime to address them.The Advice, addressed to the EU institutions – Commission, Parliament and Council, highlights the concern that strong incentives currently exist for crowdfunding platforms to structure their business models to fall outside the scope of regulation and asks them to consider policy options to reduce these incentives. Avoiding regulation presents risks to investor protection and makes it harder for platforms to grow their businesses.Steven Maijoor, ESMA Chair, said: “ESMA’s aim is to enable crowdfunding to reach its potential as a source of finance, while ensuring that risks to users of crowdfunding platforms are identified and addressed in a proportionate and convergent way across the EU. “We believe that there are benefits both for investors as well as for platforms by operating inside rather than outside the regulated space. Opinion to National Competent AuthoritiesConsidering the diverse business models used within investment-based crowdfunding and depending on the precise structures used different EU legislation may apply. The Opinion sets out an analysis of how the main business models map across existing EU rules, e.g., the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID), the Prospectus Directive, the Directive for Alternative Investment Fund Managers (AIFMD) and other financial and banking regulations. In addition, the Opinion outlines what ESMA believes should be the key components of an appropriate regulatory regime for investment-based crowdfunding activities. ESMA’s Advice to the EU InstitutionsThe Advice to the EU institutions highlights gaps and issues in the current applicable regime where policymakers could consider taking action to ensure there is a regime protecting investors while also fit for purpose for crowdfunding platforms. These gaps and issues include: the impact of the Prospects Directive thresholds; capital requirements and the use of the MiFID optional exemption; and the potential development of a specific EU crowdfunding regime, in particular for those platforms that currently operate outside of the scope of MiFID The Opinion and Advice have been prepared in collaboration with and input from the European Banking Authority (EBA) on the regulation that falls within its scope of action, i.e. the Payment Services Directive, and constitute the first output of a co-ordinated programme of work with the next expected output being a publication by EBA on lending-based crowdfunding. In line with their respective remits, ESMA has focused on investment-based crowdfunding, while EBA has focused on lending-based crowdfunding.
11/05/2005 05-331 Press release- Facilitating the implementation of the Market Abuse Directive , Press Release PDF
72.91 KB
04/10/2016 2016/1432 Press release- ESMA reports on shadow banking, leverage and pro-cyclicality , , Press Release PDF
151.69 KB
16/02/2015 2015/281 Press Release- ESMA publishes annual report and supervisory focus for CRAs and TRs , , , Press Release PDF
186.67 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published today an annual report (Report) on its direct supervisory activities in 2014 regarding credit rating agencies (CRAs) and trade repositories (TR). The report summarises the key actions taken during 2014 and outlines ESMA’s supervisory work plans for both sectors for 2015.
22/12/2016 2016/1685 Press Release- ESMA identifies areas for improvement in EU CCP supervision Press Release PDF
192.51 KB
01/10/2014 2014/1209 Press release- ESMA defines products, counterparties and starting dates for the clearing of interest rate swaps , Press Release PDF
94.72 KB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has today issued final draft regulatory technical standards (RTS) for the central clearing of Interest Rate Swaps (IRS) which it is required to develop under the European Markets Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR). The RTS define those types of IRS contracts which will have to be centrally cleared, the types of counterparties covered by the obligation and the dates by which central clearing of IRS will become mandatory for them.

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