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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
08/03/2011 EC 21-02-11 Letter from Jonathan Faull regarding the extension of the deadline for delivery of ESMA’s advice on the AIFMD Letter PDF
149.8 KB
11/08/2011 2011/266 Public statement- harmonised regulatory action on short-selling in the EU , Statement PDF
97.39 KB
16/11/2011 2011/382 Letter to Michel Barnier- ESMA's response to the European Commission's provisional request to CESR/ESMA for technical advice on possible Level 2 measures concerningthe Directive for Alternative Investment Fund Managers (AIFM) Letter PDF
41.73 KB
16/11/2011 2011/383 Letter to Jonathan Faull- ESMA's response to the European Commission's provisional request to CESR/ESMA for technical advice on possible Level 2 measures concerningthe Directive for Alternative Investment Fund Managers (AIFM) Letter PDF
41.73 KB
16/11/2011 2011/384 Letter to Sharon Bowles- ESMA's response to the European Commission's provisional request to CESR/ESMA for technical advice on possible Level 2 measures concerningthe Directive for Alternative Investment Fund Managers (AIFM) Letter PDF
200.77 KB
25/11/2011 2011/397 Public statement on sovereign debt in IFRS financial statements , , , Statement PDF
189.46 KB
30/08/2012 2012/537 STATEMENT- Short Selling Regulation Update: Market Maker & Primary Dealer Exemption Notification Procedure , , Statement PDF
77.92 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is publishing this notice to alert financial market participants to its upcoming consultation on the market making and authorised primary dealer exemption under the EU’s Short Selling Regulation (SSR) and the procedure to be followed by firms and regulators in dealing with notifications of intention to use the exemption.
01/10/2012 2012/641 ESMA approves Axesor S.A. as a credit rating agency , Statement PDF
83.07 KB
04/12/2012 2012/802 Statement: Operating Principles and Areas of Exploration in the Regulation of the Cross-Border Derivatives Market Statement PDF
131.03 KB
02/04/2013 2013/413 Final Report- Draft regulatory technical standards on types of AIFMs Technical Standards PDF
116.08 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published its draft regulatory technical standards (RTS) to determine types of alternative investment fund managers (AIFMs), where relevant in the application of the AIFMD.  The draft RTS distinguish AIFMs managing alternative investment funds (AIF) of the open-ended type and AIFMs managing AIFs of the closed-ended type, in order to apply the rules on liquidity management, the valuation procedures and the transitional provisions of the AIFMD.  ESMA was required to develop these RTS by Article 4(4) of the AIFMD and they are aimed at ensuring uniform conditions of application of the AIFMD across the European Union.
18/07/2013 Ares(2013)2569526 European Commission letter to ESMA re draft Regulatory Technical Standards on types of AIFMD, Article 4(4) of AIFMD Directive Letter PDF
125.25 KB
On 8 July 2013 ESMA received a letter from the European Commission (EC) in response to its draft regulatory technical standards in its Final report - Draft Regulatory Technical Standards on types of AIFMs (ESMA/2013/413) submitted to the EC on 2 April 2013 for endorsement. According to Article 10(1) sixth subparagraph of Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010, ESMA has 6 weeks starting from 8 July to respond to the EC’s letter.
20/02/2014 2014/160 Draft implementing technical standards on notification- EuVECA Technical Standards PDF
175.99 KB
20/02/2014 2014/161 Draft implementing technical standards on notification- EuSEF Technical Standards PDF
29.18 KB
30/07/2015 2015/1232 Letter to the European Commission- ESMA’s opinion and advice on the AIFMD passport Letter PDF
71.12 KB
30/07/2015 2015/1233 Letter to the European Parliament- ESMA’s opinion and advice on the AIFMD passport Letter PDF
65.84 KB
30/07/2015 2015/1234 Letter to the European Council- ESMA’s opinion and advice on the AIFMD passport Letter PDF
64.7 KB
18/09/2015 2015/1409 Draft Implementing Technical Standards on penalties and measures under Directive 2009/65/EC (UCITS Directive) Technical Standards PDF
339.52 KB
19/01/2016 Ares(2015)5921711 EU Commission Letter AIFMD Passport Letter PDF
63.78 KB
02/02/2016 2016/165 Public Statement- Supervisory work on potential closet index tracking Statement PDF
258.17 KB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is issuing this statement to inform stakeholders and especially investors about the potential for some European collective investment funds to be ‘closet index trackers’, and to give details on the work that ESMA has been doing in this context.

Introduction

  1. ESMA’s attention was drawn to an alleged practice in the European collective investment management industry whereby asset managers claim, according to their fund rules and investor information documentation, to manage their funds in an active manner while the funds are, in fact, staying very close to a benchmark and therefore implementing an investment strategy which requires less input from the investment manager. At the same time, it is alleged that these funds charge management fees in line with those of funds that are considered to be actively managed[1]. This practice is commonly referred to as ‘closet indexing’ or ‘index hugging’.
  2. In many EU Member States, NCAs have launched or are in the process of launching specific investigations, in addition to their regular monitoring and supervisory functions, to determine the potential extent of closet indexing in their jurisdictions, with a focus on equity funds at this stage. At the same time, the issue has been the subject of considerable attention by investor protection groups and the media throughout the European Union.

Reasons for issuing this statement

  1. The issues around ‘closet indexing’ form part of a broader issue on the effectiveness of investor disclosure and the legitimate expectations of investors in respect of the service provided by some asset managers. Nonetheless, the potential practice of closet indexing in Europe raises questions that merit closer analysis. The analysis carried out by ESMA (see paragraphs 9 to 16 for more details) indicates that there might be a small, but not insignificant number of funds in the EU equity fund sector that may be closet index trackers. If the existence of this practice were to be confirmed by further supervisory scrutiny carried out at national level, this could mean that:
  1. investors could be making investment decisions based on an expectation that they will be provided with a more active fund management service than they receive in practice and, therefore, may be paying higher management fees than that usually envisaged for a passive/not significantly active management service;
  2. investors may be exposed to a different risk/return profile than they expect; and
  3. some asset managers may not provide clear descriptions of how funds are managed in key disclosure documents such as the fund’s Prospectus and Key Investor Information Document (KIID).
  1. ESMA considers it important that fund managers take their commitments in disclosure documents seriously. Managers should expect supervisory consequences where evidence for incorrect disclosures is proven.
 

[1] ESMA recognises that management fees may depend on a number of factors.

09/02/2016 2016/235 Comment letter on Taxonomy due process , , Letter PDF
84.24 KB

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