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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
18/12/2014 2014/1560 Advice- Investment-based crowdfunding Final Report PDF
482.2 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind.  Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in sections 1 to 6 of this document.
04/12/2019 ESMA70-21038340-46 Compliance table for the Guidelines on market making activities under the Short Selling Regulation , , Compliance table PDF
273.01 KB
07/06/2019 ESMA32-60-474 Draft RTS amending Delegated Regulation (EU) 2018/815 on the updates of the taxonomy to be used for the ESEF , Final Report PDF
6.5 MB
18/06/2020 ESMA32-60-607 Final report on draft RTS including 2020 update RTS on ESEF Final Report PDF
6.21 MB
18/12/2017 ESMA32-60-204 Final report on the RTS on the European Single Electronic Format Final Report PDF
6.37 MB
01/02/2013 2013/158 Guidelines on the exemption for market making activities and primary market operations under Regulation (EU) 236/2012 of the European Parliament and the Council on short selling and certain aspects of Credit Default Swaps Final Report PDF
501.8 KB
21/05/2015 2015/856 Ann1 Investment-based crowdfunding- Insights from regulators in the EU Final Report PDF
319.65 KB
15/03/2018 JC-2018-04 Joint Committee Final Report on Big Data Final Report PDF
520.31 KB
03/01/2013 2012/875 Report to the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on the budgetary impli-cations of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 on short selling and certain aspects of credit default swaps Final Report PDF
532.88 KB
18/02/2016 2015/SMSG/036 SMSG Advice on ESEF , SMSG Advice PDF
109.63 KB
05/03/2018 ESMA70-145-386 Technical Advice on the evaluation of certain elements of the Short Selling Regulation Final Report PDF
1.72 MB