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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
18/12/2014 2014/1560 Advice- Investment-based crowdfunding Final Report PDF
482.2 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind.  Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in sections 1 to 6 of this document.
23/09/2014 2014/1164 Annex Annex to the Statement by Steven Maijoor, Chair of ESMA to the ECON hearing, 23 September 2014 Final Report PDF
503.01 KB
25/05/2021 ESMA-50-164-4518 Call for evidence- Digital Finance Consultation Paper PDF
300.37 KB
10/03/2020 ESMA70-156-2189 Consultation paper on Review Report on Transparency for Non-equity TOD Consultation Paper PDF
7.93 MB
04/02/2020 ESMA70-156-2188 Consultation paper on Review Report Transparency Equity DVC TOS Consultation Paper PDF
4.75 MB
25/09/2020 ESMA70-156-2013 Consultation Paper on the functioning of Organised Trading Facilities , Consultation Paper PDF
673.72 KB
09/07/2021 ESMA70-156-4236 Consultation Paper on the review of RTS 1 and 2 Consultation Paper PDF
3.55 MB
03/02/2020 ESMA70-156-1757 Consultation Paper- MiFIR report on SI Consultation Paper PDF
825.33 KB
20/11/2020 ESMA74-362-932 CP on DRSP criteria for derogation , , Consultation Paper PDF
384.54 KB
20/11/2020 ESMA74-362-837 CP on DRSP fees , , Consultation Paper PDF
526.22 KB
24/09/2020 ESMA74-362-773 CP on MiFID II MiFIR review report , , , Consultation Paper PDF
688.1 KB
02/06/2016 2016/773 Discussion Paper on the Distributed Ledger Technology Applied to Securities Markets , Consultation Paper PDF
573.86 KB
03/06/2020 ESMA50-164-3342 Draft Guidelines on Outsourcing to Cloud Service Providers Consultation Paper PDF
390.7 KB
15/04/2021 ESMA80-193-1713 EMIR and SFTR data quality report 2020 , , , Final Report PDF
791.94 KB
20/03/2018 ESMA50-165-538 ESMA report on trends, risks and vulnerabilities 1, 2018 Final Report PDF
3.24 MB
06/09/2018 ESMA 50-165-632 ESMA report on trends, risks and vulnerabilities 2, 2018 Final Report PDF
3.7 MB
28/02/2019 ESMA50-165-737 ESMA report on trends, risks and vulnerabilities no. 1 2019 Final Report PDF
2.24 MB
19/02/2020 ESMA50-165-1040 ESMA report on trends, risks and vulnerabilities no.1 2020 Final Report PDF
1.42 MB
10/09/2019 ESMA50-165-8 ESMA report on trends, risks and vulnerabilities no.2 2019 Final Report PDF
2.31 MB
02/09/2020 ESMA50-165-1287 ESMA report on trends, risks and vulnerabilities no.2 2020 Final Report PDF
2.6 MB