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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
09/11/2020 ESMA31-67-127 Question and answers on Transparency Directive (TD) , , , , Q&A PDF
352.79 KB
15/04/2020 ESMA70-155-9845 Opinion on CNMV emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
302.98 KB
15/04/2020 ESMA70-155-9848 Opinion on FMA emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
432.15 KB
15/04/2020 ESMA70-155-9854 Opinion on AMF emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
304.63 KB
15/04/2020 ESMA70-155-9833 Opinion on FSMA emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
306.36 KB
15/04/2020 ESMA70-155-9853 Opinion on HCMC emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
308.38 KB
24/03/2020 ESMA70-155-9604 Opinion on FMA emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
265.61 KB
19/03/2020 ESMA70-155-9587 Opinion on HCMC emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
260.22 KB
19/03/2020 ESMA70-155-9590 Opinion on FSMA emergency measure under the SSR , , Opinion PDF
260.27 KB
18/03/2020 ESMA70-155-9581 Opinion on AMF emergency measure under SSR , , Opinion PDF
253.85 KB
17/03/2020 ESMA70-155-9565 Opinion on CONSOB emergency measure under SSR , , Opinion PDF
346.47 KB
17/03/2020 ESMA70-155-9556 Opinion on CNMV emergency measure under SSR , , Opinion PDF
173.98 KB
17/02/2020 ESMA33-5-87 Q&A on the Implementation of the Regulation (EU) No 462 2013 On CRA Q&A PDF
401.67 KB
28/10/2019 ESMA22-106-1990 SMSG Opinion on ESMA's Report on performance and cost of retail investment products Opinion PDF
148.41 KB
11/04/2019 ESMA31-62-780 Q&A on Prospectus Related Topics , , , , , , Q&A PDF
957.9 KB
31/10/2018 ESMA22-106-1296 SMSG Opinion on EC request to ESAs on cost and performance of retail investment, insurance and pension products Opinion PDF
152.91 KB
12/01/2017 ESMA50-1215332076-23 Opinion on the impact of the exclusion of fund management companies from the scope of the MiFIR intervention powers Opinion PDF
224.29 KB
12/05/2016 ESA/2016/41 Opinion of the ESAs- ECAI credit assessments , Opinion PDF
379.79 KB
01/07/2015 2015/1005 Questions and Answers: Investment-based crowdfunding: money laundering/terrorist financing Q&A PDF
157.73 KB
18/12/2014 2014/1378 Opinion- Investment-based crowdfunding Opinion PDF
460.92 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.  Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind. Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in this document.