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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
28/05/2021 ESMA81-393-98 Supervisory Briefing on Benchmark administrators’ presence in their Member States of location and outsourcing , Report PDF
200.21 KB
15/07/2002 02-089b CESR’s Advice on possible Level 2 Implementing Measures for the proposed Market Abuse Directive Consultation Paper PDF
213.95 KB
28/10/2004 04-505 Consultation paper- Facilitating the implementation of the Market Abuse Directive Consultation Paper PDF
284.76 KB
02/11/2006 06-562 Consultation paper- Market Abuse Directive, Level 3 – second set of CESR guidance and information on the common operation of the Directive to the market Consultation Paper PDF
110.17 KB
20/05/2008 08-274 Consultation paper- Market Abuse Directive Level 3 – Third set of CESR guidance and information on the common operation of the Directive to the market Consultation Paper PDF
101.96 KB
03/10/2008 08-717 Consultation paper- MAD Level 3 – Third set of CESR guidance and information on the common operation of the Directive to the market Consultation Paper PDF
88.1 KB
14/11/2013 2013/1649 ESMA’s policy orientations on possible implementing measures under the Market Abuse Regulation , Consultation Paper PDF
950.26 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published a Discussion Paper setting out its initial views on the implementing measures it will have to develop for the new Market Abuse Regulation (MAR). MAR aims to enhance market integrity and investor protection. It will achieve this by updating and strengthening the existing market abuse framework, by extending its scope to new markets and trading strategies, and by introducing new requirements. The Discussion Paper presents positions and regulatory options on those issues where ESMA will have to develop MAR implementing measures, likely to include Regulatory Technical Standards, Delegated Acts and Guidelines. These implementing measures are of fundamental importance to the new regime, as they set out how MAR’s enlarged scope is to be implemented in practice by market participants, trading platforms, investors, issuers and persons related to financial markets. In developing these regulatory options ESMA, where similar requirements already exist under the current Market Abuse Directive (MAD), has taken into consideration the existing MAD Level 2 texts and ESMA/CESR guidelines to set out the DP positions in light of the extended scope of MAR. This Discussion Paper is based on the version of the MAR Level 1 text agreed by the European Parliament, the Council and the European Commission on 24 June 2013. Consultation Reference 2013/1649 Closing date for responses Monday, 27 January 2014 Contact market.integrity[at]esma.europa.eu
15/07/2014 2014/808 Consultation Paper- Draft technical advice on possible delegated acts concerning the Market Abuse Regulation (MAR) Consultation Paper PDF
656.69 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) invites comments on all matters set out in this consultation paper and, in particular, on the specific questions listed in Annex I. Comments are most helpful if they: indicate the number of the question to which the comment relates; respond to the question stated; contain a clear rationale, including on any related costs and benefits; and describe any alternatives ESMA should consider. Comments should reach us by Wednesday 15 October 2014. All contributions should be submitted online at www.esma.europa.eu under the heading ‘Your input/Consultations’.Publication of responses All contributions received will be published following the end of the consultation period, unless otherwise requested. Please clearly and prominently indicate in your submission any part you do not wish to be publically disclosed. A standard confidentiality statement in an email message will not be treated as a request for non-disclosure. Note also that a confidential response may be requested from us in accordance with ESMA’s rules on access to documents. We may consult you if we receive such a request. Any decision we make is reviewable by ESMA’s Board of Appeal and the European Ombudsman.Data protection Information on data protection can be found at www.esma.europa.eu under the heading ‘Disclaimer’.Who should read this paper?This paper may be specifically of interest to any investor that deals in financial instruments and emission allowances subject to the Market Abuse Regulation, issuers of instruments in the scope of the Regulation, financial intermediaries, operators of trading venues and participants in the emission allowance market.
15/07/2014 2014/809 Consultation Paper- Draft technical standards on the Market Abuse Regulation (MAR) Consultation Paper PDF
1.64 MB
  ESMA invites comments on all matters in this paper and in particular on the specific questions summarised in Annex 1.Comments are most helpful if they: respond to the question stated; indicate the specific question to which the comment relates; contain a clear rationale; and describe any alternatives ESMA should consider. ESMA will consider all comments received by Wednesday 15 October 2014.All contributions should be submitted online at www.esma.europa.eu under the heading ‘Your input - Consultations’.Publication of responsesAll contributions received will be published following the close of the consultation, unless you request otherwise. Please clearly and prominently indicate in your submission any part you do not wish to be publically disclosed. A standard confidentiality statement in an email message will not be treated as a request for non-disclosure. A confidential response may be requested from us in accordance with ESMA’s rules on access to documents. We may consult you if we receive such a request. Any decision we make not to disclose the response is reviewable by ESMA’s Board of Appeal and the European Ombudsman.Data protectionInformation on data protection can be found at www.esma.europa.eu under the heading ‘Legal Notice’.Who should read this paper?This paper may be specifically of interest to any investor that deals in financial instruments and emission allowances subject to the Market Abuse Regulation, issuers of instruments in the scope of the Regulation, financial intermediaries, operators of trading venues and participants in the emission allowance market.
05/01/2016 2015/1791 Peer Review Report Compliance with SSR as regards Market Making activities Report PDF
615.09 KB
13/07/2016 2016/1130 Final Report on the Market Abuse Regulation Guidelines , Report PDF
852.59 KB
29/09/2016 2016/1406 Draft technical standards under the Benchmarks Regulation Consultation Paper PDF
1.67 MB
28/01/2016 2016/162 Consultation paper- Draft Guidelines on the Market Abuse Regulation , Consultation Paper PDF
406.76 KB
15/02/2016 2016/288 Discussion Paper Benchmarks Regulation , Consultation Paper PDF
1017.02 KB
16/02/2016 2016/297 Follow-up MMF , Report PDF
882.13 KB
29/03/2016 2016/410 ESMA Report on Enforcement and Regulatory Activities of Accounting Enforcers in 2015 , , Report PDF
692.52 KB

Executive Summary

This report provides an overview of the activities of the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) and the accounting enforcers in the European Economic Area (EEA), thereafter, ‘European enforcers’, when examining compliance of financial information provided by issuers listed on regulated markets with the applicable financial reporting framework in 2015. It also provides an overview of the main activities performed at European level, quantitative information on enforcement activities in Europe as well as ESMA’s contribution to the development of the single rule book in the area of financial reporting. In addition, it also outlines ESMA’s activities for 2016 in the area of corporate reporting following its Supervisory Convergence Work Programme.

Supervisory Convergence

Following the implementation of the ESMA Guidelines on enforcement of financial information (hereafter the Guidelines on enforcement), ESMA and European enforcers have further strengthened supervisory convergence in the area of enforcement of financial information. The Guidelines on enforcement significantly contributed to the alignment of supervisory approaches/procedures through the use of harmonised key concepts for examinations, of a common set of enforcement priorities, of common rules for enforcement actions and of a single set of criteria for identifying accounting matters for which coordination at European level within ESMA is needed. In the last area, the number of accounting issues discussed by the enforcers before taking enforcement decisions increased significantly (65 emerging issues in 2015 vs 47 in 2014) and contributed to enhancing supervisory convergence as enforcers should take into account the outcome of these discussions when taking decisions .

In 2015 ESMA and European enforcers evaluated the level of compliance with IFRS in the areas identified as common enforcement priorities for the 2014 annual financial statements on a sample of 189 issuers. This assessment resulted in 40 enforcement actions being taken on shortcomings in the disclosures of assumptions and judgements supporting the recognition of deferred tax assets arising from tax losses, when assessing control or classifying joint arrangements.

As in previous years, ESMA together with European enforcers identified and included in their supervisory practices a set of common enforcement priorities significant for European issuers when preparing their 2015 IFRS financial statements. These priorities include the impact of the financial markets’ conditions in IFRS financial statements, presentation of the statement of cash flows and related disclosures as well as the fair value measurement of non-financial assets and related disclosures. Specific references to some of the 2014 common priorities and to the new IFRS requirements, notably on IFRS 9 Financial Instruments and IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers are also part of these priorities.

As a response to increased concerns in the markets, ESMA issued Guidelines on Alternative Performance Measures (hereafter the Guidelines on APMs) which are aimed at contributing to the publication of transparent, unbiased and comparable information by European issuers on their financial performance. The Guidelines on APMs will apply to APMs disclosed by issuers when publishing regulated information or persons responsible for the prospectus. European enforcers had to adapt their supervisory procedures and declare their compliance to these guidelines.

Also as part of the supervisory convergence activities, ESMA issued an Opinion on the application of the IFRS requirements on the cash contributions to Deposit Guarantee Schemes (DGS) in order to address the divergence in the application and enforcement in the accounting treatment applicable to these contributions and to prevent it from becoming widespread.

ESMA published a Statement referring to principles relevant for improving the quality of disclosures as a response to concerns expressed by users on the overload, lack of completeness or relevance of the information provided in the financial statements.

Finally, European enforcers examined the interim or annual financial statements of approximately 1,200 issuers representing an average examination rate of 20% of all IFRS issuers with securities listed on regulated markets, out of which 14% related to unlimited scope examinations and 6% to focused examinations. As a result of these activities, European enforcers took actions addressing material departures against 273 issuers, representing around 25% of the selected sample. The main deficiencies were identified in the areas of financial statements presentation, impairment of non-financial assets and accounting for financial instruments.

Single Rule Book

ESMA actively participated to the accounting standard setting process by providing European enforcers’ positions on all major new standards issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and by contributing to the discussions in the EFRAG Board and the Technical Expert Group (EFRAG TEG) meetings. Notably, ESMA provided specific input to the due process and endorsement advices on IFRS 9, in aspects related to investor protection and financial stability as well as on its interaction with IFRS 4 Insurance Contracts. In addition, ESMA also contributed to the consistent application of IFRS by engaging with the IASB and the IFRS Interpretations Committee (IFRS IC) when relevant issues were identified by enforcers and where a lack of clarity in IFRS could contribute to their divergent application.

In accordance with its mandate under the Transparency Directive, ESMA has submitted to the European Commission for endorsement the draft Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS) on the European Electronic Access Point (EEAP) and published the consultation paper on the draft RTS on European Single Electronic Format (ESEF).

Next Steps

ESMA published its Supervisory Convergence Work Programme which covers, among other topics, the activities of accounting enforcers. In addition to the regular activities, ESMA envisages to start carrying out peer reviews on some of the ESMA Guidelines on enforcement, to publish statements on the implementation of new major IFRS and to develop supervisory briefings to align procedures of European enforcers when monitoring and enforcing the Guidelines on APMs and disclosures in the financial statements.

01/04/2016 2016/419 Q&A Market Abuse Directive Q&A PDF
175.08 KB
30/03/2016 2016/444 CP on MAR GL on information on commodities Consultation Paper PDF
486.36 KB
27/05/2016 2016/723 Consultation Paper on ESMA technical advice on Benchmarks Regulation , Consultation Paper PDF
905.26 KB
29/09/2017 70-145-105 Draft Guidelines on non-significant benchmarks , Consultation Paper PDF
557.29 KB

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