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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
28/02/2013 2013/267 Contracts for Difference (CFDs) , Investor Warning PDF
389.45 KB
18/12/2014 2014/1378 Opinion- Investment-based crowdfunding Opinion PDF
460.92 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.  Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind. Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in this document.
07/02/2014 2014/146 MiFID practices for firms selling complex products , Opinion PDF
122.37 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 Risks of investing in complex products , Investor Warning PDF
404.08 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 BG Рискове от инвестиране в комплексни продукти , Investor Warning PDF
287.57 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 CS Rizika investování do složitých produktů , Investor Warning PDF
501.58 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 DA Risici ved investering i komplekse produkter , Investor Warning PDF
460.24 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 DE Risiken bei Anlagen in komplexe Produkte , Investor Warning PDF
301.1 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 EL Οι κίνδυνοι των επενδύσεων σε σύνθετα προϊόντα , Investor Warning PDF
407.92 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 ES Riesgos de las inversiones en productos complejos , Investor Warning PDF
331.22 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 ET Keerukatesse toodetesse investeerimisega kaasnevad riskid , Investor Warning PDF
401.62 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 FI Monimutkaisiin tuotteisiin sijoittamisen riskit , Investor Warning PDF
414.7 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 FR Risques liés aux investissements dans les produits complexes , Investor Warning PDF
334.79 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 HR Rizici ulaganja u kompleksne proizvode , Investor Warning PDF
487.67 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 HU Az összetett termékekbe történő befektetések kockázatai , Investor Warning PDF
384.08 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 IT Rischi dell’investimento in prodotti complessi , Investor Warning PDF
335.03 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 LT Investavimo į sudėtingus produktus rizika , Investor Warning PDF
590.31 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 LV Ar ieguldījumiem sarežģītos produktos saistītie riski , Investor Warning PDF
435.59 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 MT Ir-riskji li tinvesti fi prodotti kumplessi , Investor Warning PDF
554.57 KB
07/02/2014 2014/154 NL Risico's van beleggen in complexe producten , Investor Warning PDF
425.57 KB

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