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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
05/02/2019 ESMA 70-155-7026 Use of UK data in ESMA databases in case of a no-deal Brexit , , Statement PDF
281.69 KB
07/10/2019 ESMA70-155-7658 Use of UK data in ESMA databases and performance of MiFID II calculations in case of a no-deal Brexit on 31 October 2019 , , Statement PDF
155.54 KB
07/10/2019 ESMA90-1-167 Update on the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union- preparations for a possible no-deal Brexit scenario on 31 October 2019 , , , Statement PDF
179.84 KB
11/06/2020 ESMA70-156-3070 Statement_Access ETDs , , Statement PDF
112.54 KB
04/12/2012 2012/802 Statement: Operating Principles and Areas of Exploration in the Regulation of the Cross-Border Derivatives Market Statement PDF
131.03 KB
30/08/2012 2012/537 STATEMENT- Short Selling Regulation Update: Market Maker & Primary Dealer Exemption Notification Procedure , , Statement PDF
77.92 KB
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is publishing this notice to alert financial market participants to its upcoming consultation on the market making and authorised primary dealer exemption under the EU’s Short Selling Regulation (SSR) and the procedure to be followed by firms and regulators in dealing with notifications of intention to use the exemption.
12/07/2019 ESMA35-36-1743 Statement Product Intervention Statement PDF
104.99 KB
11/01/2019 ESMA33-128-577 Statement on Securitisation implementation Statement PDF
324.46 KB
15/12/2017 ESMA71-99-910 Statement on preparatory work of the European Securities and Markets Authority in relation to CFDs and binary options offered to retail clients , Statement PDF
209.47 KB
30/01/2020 ESMA71-99-1279 Statement on ESMA Standing Committee Chair appointments Jan 2020 , Statement PDF
89.15 KB
04/05/2020 ESMA71-99-1324 Statement on bilateral margin RTS amendments in response to Covid-19 , , , Statement PDF
101.16 KB
30/05/2018 ESMA71-99-991 Statement of the EBA and ESMA on the treatment of retail holdings of debt financial instruments subject to the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive , Statement PDF
926.71 KB
20/06/2016 2016/940 Statement by Steven Maijoor at ECON MiFID II/MiFIR Scrutiny Session, 21 June 2016 , Statement PDF
235.65 KB
29/05/2019 ESMA70-154-1204 Revised Public_ Statement_Trading_Obligation_Shares , Statement PDF
82.26 KB
06/05/2020 ESMA35-43-2391 Reminder of firms’ MiFID II conduct of business obligations in the context of increasing retail investor activity , Statement PDF
118.75 KB
02/02/2016 2016/165 Public Statement- Supervisory work on potential closet index tracking Statement PDF
258.17 KB

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is issuing this statement to inform stakeholders and especially investors about the potential for some European collective investment funds to be ‘closet index trackers’, and to give details on the work that ESMA has been doing in this context.

Introduction

  1. ESMA’s attention was drawn to an alleged practice in the European collective investment management industry whereby asset managers claim, according to their fund rules and investor information documentation, to manage their funds in an active manner while the funds are, in fact, staying very close to a benchmark and therefore implementing an investment strategy which requires less input from the investment manager. At the same time, it is alleged that these funds charge management fees in line with those of funds that are considered to be actively managed[1]. This practice is commonly referred to as ‘closet indexing’ or ‘index hugging’.
  2. In many EU Member States, NCAs have launched or are in the process of launching specific investigations, in addition to their regular monitoring and supervisory functions, to determine the potential extent of closet indexing in their jurisdictions, with a focus on equity funds at this stage. At the same time, the issue has been the subject of considerable attention by investor protection groups and the media throughout the European Union.

Reasons for issuing this statement

  1. The issues around ‘closet indexing’ form part of a broader issue on the effectiveness of investor disclosure and the legitimate expectations of investors in respect of the service provided by some asset managers. Nonetheless, the potential practice of closet indexing in Europe raises questions that merit closer analysis. The analysis carried out by ESMA (see paragraphs 9 to 16 for more details) indicates that there might be a small, but not insignificant number of funds in the EU equity fund sector that may be closet index trackers. If the existence of this practice were to be confirmed by further supervisory scrutiny carried out at national level, this could mean that:
  1. investors could be making investment decisions based on an expectation that they will be provided with a more active fund management service than they receive in practice and, therefore, may be paying higher management fees than that usually envisaged for a passive/not significantly active management service;
  2. investors may be exposed to a different risk/return profile than they expect; and
  3. some asset managers may not provide clear descriptions of how funds are managed in key disclosure documents such as the fund’s Prospectus and Key Investor Information Document (KIID).
  1. ESMA considers it important that fund managers take their commitments in disclosure documents seriously. Managers should expect supervisory consequences where evidence for incorrect disclosures is proven.
 

[1] ESMA recognises that management fees may depend on a number of factors.

28/09/2017 ESMA70-154-356 Public statement- Joint work plan of ESMA and NCAs for opinions on MiFID II pre-trade transparency waivers and position limits Statement PDF
165.66 KB
27/10/2015 2015/1605 Public Statement- INC Rating registration FINAL Statement PDF
136.3 KB
11/08/2011 2011/266 Public statement- harmonised regulatory action on short-selling in the EU , Statement PDF
97.39 KB
01/12/2015 2015/1778 Public Statement- Expert RA registration Statement PDF
123.49 KB

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