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|30/10/2014||JC/2014/01 add||Addendum to Joint CP on draft ITS on the mapping of ECAIs||Joint Committee||Consultation Paper||PDF
|The Joint Committee of the three European Supervisory Authorities (EBA, ESMA and EIOPA - ESAs) published today an addendum to the joint consultation on the mapping of the credit assessments to risk weights of External Credit Assessment Institutions (ECAIs). The addendum provides further details on the application of the rules proposed in the draft Implementing Technical Standards (ITS) in relation to particular ECAIs and is to be considered as an extension of the consultation process. The consultation period will be reopened until 30 November 2014 in order to collect additional comments. In line with the specifications included in the joint Consultation Paper published in February 2014, this addendum contains the individual mapping tables of all relevant ECAIs. The proposed mappings establish the level of capital that financial institutions should hold in order to ensure the safety and soundness of the EU financial system. These draft mappings are based on the amount of objective information available for each ECAI regarding the performance of its credit ratings. Therefore, the draft mappings mainly reflect the historical ability of ECAIs to anticipate negative credit events. For those cases where only a small number of credit ratings were available, the draft mappings have to a large extent relied on alternative information; whereas, when no relevant information was found, a certain degree of prudence has been applied. Furthermore, the addendum contains some additional aspects resulting from the cost-benefit/impact assessment analysis. The analysis shows that the proposals for the largest ECAIs are not expected to have a significant impact on financial institutions in terms of capital requirements. Only in very specific cases the average capital requirement associated with a particular ECAI might increase by up to 10%. In the case of ECAIs that currently have no mapping established, the impact is expected to reflect the true risk profile of the rated entities. In addition, the EBA also published the individual draft mapping reports that illustrate how the rules proposed in the draft ITS were applied. The draft mappings will be reviewed in light of any comments received during the consultation process. Consultation process The consultation deadline is 30 November 2014 and responses can be submitted here. All contributions received will be published following the close of the consultation, unless requested otherwise. Draft Mapping Reports|
|14/09/2011||2011/288||Call for evidence- Empty voting||Corporate Disclosure, Corporate Governance, Transparency||Consultation Paper||PDF
|18/02/2015||JC/GL/2014/43 Appendix 1||Compliance table for JC guidelines for complaints-handling for the securities (ESMA) and banking (EBA) sectors||Guidelines and Technical standards, Joint Committee||Compliance table||PDF
The table contains details of the competent authorities* who comply or intend to comply with the ESAs’ Joint Guidelines on complaints-handling for the securities (ESMA) and banking (EBA) sectors.
|01/10/2021||ESMA35-43-1215||Compliance table for Joint ESMA and EBA Guidelines on the assessment of the suitability of members of the management body||Guidelines and Technical standards, Joint Committee, MiFID - Investor Protection||Compliance table||PDF
|04/12/2019||ESMA70-21038340-46||Compliance table for the Guidelines on market making activities under the Short Selling Regulation||Guidelines and Technical standards, Market Integrity, Short Selling||Compliance table||PDF
|22/12/2015||JC/2015/087||Compliance Table GL financial conglomerates||Guidelines and Technical standards, Joint Committee||Compliance table||PDF
|16/10/2019||JC-2019-63||Consultation Paper on amendments to PRIIPs KID||Fund Management, Joint Committee||Consultation Paper||PDF
|07/07/2017||ESMA70-145-127||Consultation paper on the evaluation of the short-selling regulation||Market Integrity, Short Selling||Consultation Paper||PDF
|24/09/2021||ESMA70-156-3914||Consultation Paper on the review of certain aspects of the Short Selling Regulation||Short Selling||Consultation Paper||PDF
|11/11/2015||JC/2015/073||Consultation Paper PRIIPs Key Information Documents||Fund Management, Joint Committee||Consultation Paper||PDF
|04/12/2015||JC/2015/080||Discussion Paper on automation in financial advice||Joint Committee||Consultation Paper||PDF
|22/03/2012||2012/212||Discussion Paper- An Overview of the Proxy Advisory Industry. Considerations on Possible Policy Options||Corporate Disclosure, Corporate Governance||Consultation Paper||PDF
|This Discussion Paper focuses on the development of the proxy advisory industry in Europe, which mainly serves institutional investors such as asset managers, mutual funds and pension funds. Following its fact-finding work in 2011, ESMA recognises the proxy advisory industry within Europe is, or is expected to be, growing in prominence and investors are, or are expected to be, increasingly using proxy advisor services. In this paper ESMA identifies several key issues related to the proxy advisory market which may have an impact on the proper functioning of the voting process. The range of policy options that ESMA will consider, and on which it seeks further input from market participants, consists of four broad areas, including: 1. No EU-level action at this stage 2. Encouraging Member States and/or industry to develop standards 3. Quasi-binding EU-level regulatory instruments 4. Binding EU-level legislative instruments ESMA will consider these options based on the feedback it receives from market participants, and, if appropriate, will undertake further policy action, either directly or by providing an opinion to the European Commission. The reason to bring up some policy options is due to the fact that proxy advisors are currently not regulated at a pan-European level. Nevertheless, there are relevant European rules that apply to investors (e.g. for UCITS management companies when exercising voting rights). In addition, there are also well-recognised corporate governance standards that apply to issuers at a national level (based on the “comply or explain approach”) and some complements to improve standards of stewardship among investors. All feedback received from this Discussion Paper will be duly considered. ESMA expects to publish a feedback statement in Q4 of 2012 which will summarise the responses received and will state ESMA’s view on whether there is a need for policy action in this area.|
|17/11/2014||JC/DP/2014/02||Discussion Paper- Key Information Documents for Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products (PRIIPs)||Fund Management, Joint Committee||Consultation Paper||PDF
|EBA, EIOPA, and ESMA (the ESAs) welcome comments on this Discussion Paper on Key Information Documents for Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products (PRIIPs).Comments can be sent by clicking on the ‘input’ button on the consultation page of one of the ESA’s websites. Please note that the deadline for the submission of comments is 17 February 2015. Comments submitted after this deadline, or submitted via other means may not be processed. It is important to note that although you may not be able to respond to each and every question, the ESAs would encourage partial responses from stakeholders on those questions that they believe are most relevant to them.Publication of responsesAll contributions received will be published following the close of the consultation, unless you request otherwise in the consultation form. A confidential response may be requested from us in accordance with the ESA’s rules on public access to documents.1 We may consult you if we receive such a request. Any decision we make not to disclose the response is reviewable by the Board of Appeal of the ESA’s and the European Ombudsman.Data protectionInformation on data protection can be found at the different ESA’s websites under the heading ‘Legal notice'|
|23/12/2014||JC/DP/2014/01||Discussion Paper- The Use of Credit Ratings by Financial Intermediaries Article 5(a) of the CRA Regulation||Credit Rating Agencies, Joint Committee||Consultation Paper||PDF
|06/11/2013||JC-CP-2013-03||Draft guidelines for complaints-handling for the securities (ESMA) and banking (EBA) sectors||Joint Committee||Consultation Paper||PDF
|Reasons for publication Consumers in the EU can purchase, and firms can offer, financial services and products in the investment, banking and insurance sectors across the EU Single Market. In order to increase market confidence of all participants, the Joint Committee of the three European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) is seeking to develop a harmonised approach to handling complaints. The three ESAs are doing so through guidelines that, once adopted, will apply equally across all 28 Member States and will be the same for all three sectors of financial services. To that end, ESMA and the EBA have developed guidelines for the investment and banking sectors that build on the existing complaints-handling guidelines established by EIOPA for the insurance sector. The objective is to allow EU consumers to refer to a single set of complaints-handling arrangements, irrespective of the type of product or service or the geographical location of the firm in question. This, in turn, will also allow firms to streamline and standardise their complaints-handling arrangements, and national regulators to supervise the same requirements across all sectors of financial services. ESMA and the EBA expect to publish the final guidelines in Q1 2014. Consultation process Comments should be sent to ESMA and the EBA by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com. Please note that the deadline for the submission of comments is 7 February 2014. All contributions received will be published following the close of the consultation, unless requested otherwise.|
|24/07/2014||CP/2014/04||Draft Regulatory Technical Standards on risk concentration and intra-group transactions under Article 21a (1a) of the Financial Conglomerates Directive||Joint Committee||Consultation Paper||PDF
|Please send your comments to the EBA and EIOPA using the following links: Respond to the EBA. Respond to EIOPA. The consultation period closes on 24 October 2014.|
|24/01/2012||2012/30||Draft technical standards on the Regulation (EU) xxxx/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council on short selling and certain aspects of credit default swaps||Short Selling||Consultation Paper||PDF
|ESMA will consider the feedback it received to this consultation in February/March 2012 and expects to publish a final report and submission of the draft technical standards to the European Commission by 31 March 2012 for endorsement.|
|14/05/2012||JC/CP/2012/01||EBA, EIOPA and ESMA’s Joint Consultation Paper on its proposed response to the Commission’s Review of the Financial Conglomerates Directive||Joint Committee||Consultation Paper||PDF
|14/04/2014||JC/CP/2014/03||EBA, ESMA and EIOPA consultation paper on draft technical standards under EMIR||Joint Committee||Consultation Paper||PDF
|11/01/2016||2016/28||Emergency measure by the Greek HCMC under Section 1 of Chapter V of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 on short selling and certain aspects of credit default swaps||Market Integrity, Short Selling||Opinion||PDF
Emergency measure by the Greek HCMC under Section 1 of Chapter V of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 on short selling and certain aspects of credit default swaps
II.Previous measures adopted by the Hellenic Capital Market Commission (HCMC)
On the adverse events or developments
ESMA considers that adverse developments which constitute a serious threat to market confidence in Greece could be understood as having considerably decreased with the successful completion of the share capital increase of Attica bank as announced by that bank on the 30th December 2015. Attica Bank has been the last of the five banks to undertake the re-capitalisation process envisaged under Greek law. It represented less than 1 % of the total market capitalisation of the 5 re-capitalised banks before the Attica capital increase and less than 7% after the increase. It also stands for a very small fraction of the Greek banking sector. Not surprisingly, and unlike the other banks mentioned in paragraph 10 above, Attica Bank is not a significant supervised entity under the direct supervision of the ECB.
Although acknowledging that the successful and full conclusion of all the Greek banks’ re-capitalisation is important in order to safeguard the stability of the financial system as a whole and of the Greek capital market, as well as the protection of investors, ESMA considers that given that the capital increase of Attica Bank is agreed, priced, subscribed and publicly announced on the 30th of December 2015, the threat to the financial stability of the bank, and more widely to the financial stability of the Greek financial market, is much less acute than in December 2015.
ESMA notes that the trading of the newly issued shares further to the completed capital increase has not started yet and thus there is a risk of increased volatility in the relevant market and that the confidence in the concerned bank could be affected if price movements were extreme. However, the evolution of the stock price of Attica Bank during the last month does not point towards, on average, a significant downward pressure on the prices. The volatility observed on Attica Bank is relative to the currently volatile stock markets in the EU.
In the trading figures of Attica Bank shares since late November 2015, it is evident that the trading volumes have reduced progressively but the price of the stock has not suffered from a downward price spiral. Only in one occasion (10 December2015) the stock price fell more than 10% in a single session. In general, looking at the last 30 trading sessions, the price has increased by 37%. In the last 10 trading sessions, the price has moved in an overall range (counting intraday minimum and maximum values) of 13% around the average closing price of the period. In terms of closing prices, the maximum fluctuation has been -3,97% since 22 December (observed on January 7 2016). Putting these moves in the context of quite volatile EU stock markets, linked to the international market trends, it is questionable whether the volatility of the stock price of Attica Bank could be qualified as extreme or even high. Obviously, one could argue that the price has found a support thanks, among other things, to the existing ban on short sales. While it is extremely difficult to isolate the price effect of the short selling ban with current data, it is ESMA’s view that, all in all, the pricing history of the stock does not give the impression of a highly fragile situation.
The main risk related with extreme volatility in a re-capitalisation exercise arises when the issuance price of the new shares and the allotment of the volume to be subscribed is not yet complete. In that scenario, significant (downward) price movements can dis-incentivise the investors that were considering to subscribe to new shares or can affect the issuance price in a manner that the re-capitalisation (in terms of the effective amount of funds to be received by the bank) can be put at risk. Once the pricing and the subscription are firm, price moves have a much lower impact on the success prospects of a re-capitalisation. They mainly affect the willingness of the new investors to hold their new shares or to sell them when the new shares start to trade. But the effects of this process on the financial stability of the entity are much less direct than when the volatility scenario precedes the establishment of the price and of the allotment of the capital increase. The latter was the prevalent scenario in most of the other occasions in which the measures of the HCMC was extended and on which ESMA issued positive opinions in the past. In ESMA’s opinion, such scenarios should be distinguished from the case at hand.
The question of whether the risk of falling prices on Attica Bank shares (which has not yet been observed) would endanger the orderly functioning of the whole Greek financial market and its integrity is not evident to ESMA, due to the small size of this particular institution and to the fact that the only pending element is the formal admission to trading of the new shares.
On the appropriateness and proportionality of the proposed measure
ESMA considers that the renewal of the emergency measure limited to the shares of Attica Bank is not appropriate and proportionate to address the above mentioned potential threat stemming from the volatility of the price of the market of Attica Bank shares. Given that the share capital increase of Attica Bank is firm and definitive as well as publicly known, ESMA considers that the prohibition of short sales in the shares of Attica Bank admitted to trading on the Athens Exchange will only serve the purpose of assisting in reducing market volatility until the final admission of the new shares and the first days of their trading. While this may be a positive goal, ESMA notes that the situation of Attica Bank is very different from the ones of the other Greek banks both in terms of quantitative significance with respect to financial stability (much smaller in the case of Attica Bank) and in terms of the timing in the process of re-capitalisation (given that only the final listing of the new shares is pending, as opposed to the fixing of the issuance price and the allotment of the subscriptions).
ESMA is thus of the view that there are alternative tools and measures, including those provided by Article 23 of the Short Selling Regulation consisting in a short term restriction of short selling in case of a significant fall in price, to address extreme market volatility concerns, should this volatility materialise in the coming days and more specifically risks of a downward spiral of the price of Attica shares. Those measures would be in ESMA’s opinion more appropriate and proportionate to address the risks that would arise from that situation than a total ban on short sales.
On the duration of the proposed measure
Considering the above negative opinion on the appropriateness and proportionality of the measure, ESMA is not further assessing the duration of the proposed renewal.