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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
25/07/2022 ESMA24-436-1333 ESMA Opinion on 2020 Discharge Report , Opinion PDF
103.55 KB
19/07/2022 ESMA74-362-893 QAs on SFTR data reporting , , Q&A PDF
405.28 KB
01/04/2022 ESMA32-51-370 Q&A on ESMA Guidelines on Alternative Performance Measures , Q&A PDF
987.02 KB
28/02/2022 ESMA70-1861941480-52 Q&A on EMIR implementation , Q&A PDF
1.46 MB
17/12/2021 JC 2021 19 Joint Committee Q&As relating to the Securitisation Regulation Q&A PDF
337.6 KB
19/11/2021 ESMA33-128-563 Questions and answers on the Securitisation Regulation Q&A PDF
1.39 MB
30/09/2021 ESMA80-196-5819 Opinion on improving access to and use of credit ratings Opinion PDF
331.84 KB
29/07/2021 ESMA33-5-87 Q&A on the Implementation of the Regulation (EU) No 462 2013 On CRA Q&A PDF
409.83 KB
27/07/2021 ESMA31-62-1258 Q&As on the Prospectus Regulation Q&A PDF
814.87 KB
27/05/2021 ESMA22-105-1363 ESMA OPINION ON 2019 DISCHARGE REPORT OF EP , Opinion PDF
87.37 KB
26/03/2021 JC 2021 16 ESAs’ Opinion to the European Commission on the Jurisdictional Scope of Application of the SECR , Opinion PDF
339.91 KB
28/07/2020 ESMA22-105-1208 ESMA Opinion on 2018 Discharge Report of EP Opinion PDF
92.69 KB
11/04/2019 ESMA31-62-780 Q&A on Prospectus Related Topics , , , , , , Q&A PDF
957.9 KB
31/01/2019 ESMA33-128-600 ESMA Opinion on securitisation RTS Opinion PDF
4.02 MB
05/09/2018 ESMA70-151-1651 On the European Commission’s proposed amendments to SFTR Opinion PDF
405.72 KB
12/01/2017 ESMA50-1215332076-23 Opinion on the impact of the exclusion of fund management companies from the scope of the MiFIR intervention powers Opinion PDF
224.29 KB
12/05/2016 ESA/2016/41 Opinion of the ESAs- ECAI credit assessments , Opinion PDF
379.79 KB
08/02/2016 2016/268 Opinion on equivalence of Turkish prospectus regime Opinion PDF
98.76 KB
01/07/2015 2015/1005 Questions and Answers: Investment-based crowdfunding: money laundering/terrorist financing Q&A PDF
157.73 KB
18/12/2014 2014/1378 Opinion- Investment-based crowdfunding Opinion PDF
460.92 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.  Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind. Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in this document.