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Date Ref. Title Section Type Download Info Summary Related Documents Translated versions
18/12/2014 2014/1560 Advice- Investment-based crowdfunding Final Report PDF
482.2 KB
Crowdfunding is a means of raising finance for projects from ‘the crowd’ often by means of an internet-based platform through which project owners ‘pitch’ their idea to potential backers, who are typically not professional investors.  It takes many forms, not all of which involve the potential for a financial return.  ESMA’s focus is on crowdfunding which involves investment, as distinct from donation, non-monetary reward or loan agreement.Crowdfunding is relatively young and business models are evolving. EU financial services rules were not designed with the industry in mind.  Within investment-based crowdfunding a range of different operational structures are used so it is not straightforward to map crowdfunding platforms’ activities to those regulated under EU legislation. Member States and NCAs have been working out how to treat crowdfunding, with some dealing with issues case-by-case, some seeking to clarify how crowdfunding fits into existing rules and others introducing specific requirements.To assist NCAs and market participants, and to promote regulatory and supervisory convergence, ESMA has assessed typical investment-based crowdfunding business models and how they could evolve, risks typically involved for project owners, investors and the platforms themselves and the likely components of an appropriate regulatory regime. ESMA then prepared a detailed analysis of how the typical business models map across to the existing EU legislation, set out in sections 1 to 6 of this document.
23/09/2014 2014/1164 Annex Annex to the Statement by Steven Maijoor, Chair of ESMA to the ECON hearing, 23 September 2014 Final Report PDF
503.01 KB
15/04/2021 ESMA80-193-1713 EMIR and SFTR data quality report 2020 , , , Final Report PDF
791.94 KB
25/05/2021 ESMA74-362-1986 Final report AND Guidelines on calculation of positions in SFTs by Trade Repositories , , Final Report PDF
629.81 KB
18/12/2020 ESMA50-157-2403 Final report on Guidelines on outsourcing to cloud service providers Final Report PDF
384.63 KB
14/11/2016 2016/1565 Final Report on the clearing obligation for financial counterparties with a limited volume of activity , Final Report PDF
478.72 KB
12/07/2021 ESMA74-362-1978 Final report Technical Advice to EC on simplification and harmonisation of fees to TRs under EMIR and SFTR , , , Final Report PDF
278.42 KB
06/01/2020 ESMA70-151-2703 Final Report- Guidelines on Reporting Under SFTR Final Report PDF
1.38 MB
25/03/2022 ESMA74-362-2351 Final report- Guidelines on transfer of data between Trade Repositories under EMIR and SFTR , , Final Report PDF
714.09 KB
04/04/2022 ESMA70-448-10 Final Report- Short Selling Regulation Review Final Report PDF
749.55 KB
29/03/2021 ESMA70-151-2838 Guidelines on Reporting Under SFTR Final Report PDF
3.21 MB
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01/02/2013 2013/158 Guidelines on the exemption for market making activities and primary market operations under Regulation (EU) 236/2012 of the European Parliament and the Council on short selling and certain aspects of Credit Default Swaps Final Report PDF
501.8 KB
21/05/2015 2015/856 Ann1 Investment-based crowdfunding- Insights from regulators in the EU Final Report PDF
319.65 KB
15/03/2018 JC-2018-04 Joint Committee Final Report on Big Data Final Report PDF
520.31 KB
01/04/2022 ESMA32-51-370 Q&A on ESMA Guidelines on Alternative Performance Measures , Q&A PDF
987.02 KB
30/01/2013 2013/159 Q&A on Implementation of the Regulation on short selling and certain aspects of credit default swaps (2nd update) Q&A PDF
873.32 KB
11/04/2019 ESMA31-62-780 Q&A on Prospectus Related Topics , , , , , , Q&A PDF
957.9 KB
19/07/2022 ESMA74-362-893 QAs on SFTR data reporting , , Q&A PDF
405.28 KB
29/05/2018 ESMA70-145-408 Question and Answers (Q&A) on the Regulation on short selling and certain aspects of credit default swaps (SSR) Q&A PDF
536.17 KB
01/07/2015 2015/1005 Questions and Answers: Investment-based crowdfunding: money laundering/terrorist financing Q&A PDF
157.73 KB